neuron

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Related to ganglion neuron: spinal ganglion, peripheral ganglion
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neuron

neu·ron

 (no͝or′ŏn′, nyo͝or′-)
n.
1. Any of the impulse-conducting cells that constitute the brain, spinal column, and nerves in vertebrates, consisting of a nucleated cell body with one or more dendrites and a single axon.
2. A similar impulse-conducting cell in invertebrates. In both senses also called nerve cell.

[Greek, sinew, string, nerve; see (s)neəu- in Indo-European roots.]

neu′ro·nal (no͝or′ə-nəl, nyo͝or′-, no͝o-rōn′l, nyo͝o-), neu·ron′ic adj.
neu′ro·nal·ly adv.

neu•ron

(ˈnʊər ɒn, ˈnyʊər-)

n.
a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites.
Also called nerve cell. Also, esp. Brit.,neu•rone (-oʊn)
[1880–85; < Greek neûron sinew, cord, nerve]
neu•ron•al (ˈnʊər ə nl, ˈnyʊər-, nʊˈroʊn l, nyʊ-) adj.

neu·ron

(no͝or′ŏn′)

neuron


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A cell that conveys electrochemical impulses. Neurons form the basic units of the nervous system. See axon, dendrites.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulsesneuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
gangliocyte, ganglion cell - a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; "damage to ganglion cells in the retina may play a role in the development of glaucoma"
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
brain cell - a nerve cell in the brain
efferent neuron, motoneuron, motor nerve fiber, motor neuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
afferent neuron, sensory neuron - a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord
axon, axone - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
dendrite - short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron
Translations

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] Nneurona f

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] neurone [ˈnjʊərəʊn] nneurone m

neuron

, neurone
n (Biol) → Neuron nt

neuron

[ˈnjʊərɒn] n (Bio) → neurone m

neu·ron

n. neurona, célula que constituye la unidad básica funcional del sistema nervioso.

neuron

n neurona
References in periodicals archive ?
They have found that Sox2, a protein that regulates stem cell formation, is involved in spiral ganglion neuron development.
The cerebral ganglion neuron C1, which contains serotonin and is Tritonia's, counterpart to the Aplysia serotonergic metacerebral giant cell (Weinreich et al.
A second pedal ganglion neuron (e2, posterior to el) and the ventral commissure are faintly visible in this embryo.
The fourth cell, which occupies the ventral position for this tetrad, is the ampullary sensory neuron, a distinctive type of apical ganglion neuron that is described below.
So-called hair cells in the inner ear convert sounds into neural signals that are relayed to the brain by spiral ganglion neurons.
Effects of chlorogenic acid on voltage-gated potassium channels of trigeminal ganglion neurons in an inflammatory environment.
Spontaneous action potential activity in isolated dorsal root ganglion neurons from rats with a painful neuropathy.
The protective mechanism of statins could be achieved through its influence on sympathetic ganglion neurons.
21,22) demonstrated similar aspects of pseudo-unipolar cells in the dorsal root ganglion neurons and in both newborn rats and mice in ex vivo preparations.
aspersa, axons from pedal ganglion neurons that show immunoreactivity to 5-HT antibodies extend the full length of the pedal sole and ramify to form a plexus primarily over the rims of the pedal sole.
The topics include purifying and cultivating retinal ganglion cells from rodents, purifying dorsal root ganglion neurons from rats by immunopanning, purifying astrocytes from transgenic rodents by fluorescence-activated cell sorting, myelinating co-cultures of rat retinal ganglion cell re-aggregates and optic nerve oligodendrocyte precursor cells, and purifying Schwann cells from the neonatal and injured adult mouse peripheral nerve.
Eugenol modifies the excitability of rat sciatic nerve and superior cervical ganglion neurons.