# gauge

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Related to gauge: Gauge theory

## gauge

also gage  (gāj)
n.
1. A standard dimension, quantity, or capacity, as:
a. The distance between the two rails of a railroad.
b. The distance between two wheels on an axle.
c. The interior diameter of a shotgun barrel as determined by the number of lead balls of a size exactly fitting the barrel that are required to make one pound. Often used in combination: a 12-gauge shotgun.
d. The thickness or diameter of sheet metal, wire, or a similar manufactured material or piece.
e. The fineness of knitted cloth as measured by the number of stitches per a given unit of length.
2. A standard or scale of measurement: The capacity of barrels was measured according to the gauge in use at the time.
3. An instrument for measuring the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something: a pressure gauge; a fuel gauge.
4. A means of estimating or evaluating; a test: a gauge of character.
5. Nautical The position of a vessel in relation to another vessel and the wind.
tr.v. gauged, gaug·ing, gaug·es also gaged or gag·ing or gag·es
1. To measure the dimensions, capacity, proportions, or amount of (something), especially by means of a gauge: gauged the thickness of the metal part.
2. To evaluate or estimate: gauge a person's interest.
3. To adapt or make conform to a specified standard: pressure valves that are gauged to industry requirements.
4. To chip or rub (bricks or stones) to size.
1. Of or relating to a gauge.
2. Physics Invariant under a local transformation.

[Middle English, from Old North French, gauging rod, of Germanic origin.]

(ɡeɪdʒ) or

## gage

vb (tr)
1. to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
2. to estimate or appraise; judge
3. to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
n
4. (Units) a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
5. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge.
6. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
7. a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
8. scope, capacity, or extent
9. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
10. (Tools) the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
11. (Railways) the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 8 in. (1.435 m)
12. (Automotive Engineering) the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
13. (Nautical Terms) nautical the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
14. (Building) the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
15. (Building) the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
16. (Textiles) a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
17. (Film) the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
(General Physics) (of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge. See also absolute10
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]

## gauge

(geɪdʒ)

v. gauged, gaug•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
2. to appraise, estimate, or judge.
3. to make conformable to a standard.
4. to mark or measure off; delineate.
5. to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
n.
6. a standard of measure or measurement.
7. a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
8. any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something: pressure gauge.
9. a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
10. extent; scope; capacity.
11. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, equal to the number of lead bullets of such diameter required to make one pound.
12. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track.
13. the thickness or diameter of various, usu. thin, objects, as sheet metal or wire.
14. the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 in. (3.8 cm): 15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
15. Naut. the position of one vessel as being to the windward or to the leeward of another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
Also, esp. in technical use, gage.
[1375–1425; < Old North French (French jauge) < Germanic]

## gauge

Past participle: gauged
Gerund: gauging

Imperative
gauge
gauge
Present
I gauge
you gauge
he/she/it gauges
we gauge
you gauge
they gauge
Preterite
I gauged
you gauged
he/she/it gauged
we gauged
you gauged
they gauged
Present Continuous
I am gauging
you are gauging
he/she/it is gauging
we are gauging
you are gauging
they are gauging
Present Perfect
I have gauged
you have gauged
he/she/it has gauged
we have gauged
you have gauged
they have gauged
Past Continuous
I was gauging
you were gauging
he/she/it was gauging
we were gauging
you were gauging
they were gauging
Past Perfect
Future
I will gauge
you will gauge
he/she/it will gauge
we will gauge
you will gauge
they will gauge
Future Perfect
I will have gauged
you will have gauged
he/she/it will have gauged
we will have gauged
you will have gauged
they will have gauged
Future Continuous
I will be gauging
you will be gauging
he/she/it will be gauging
we will be gauging
you will be gauging
they will be gauging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gauging
you have been gauging
he/she/it has been gauging
we have been gauging
you have been gauging
they have been gauging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gauging
you will have been gauging
he/she/it will have been gauging
we will have been gauging
you will have been gauging
they will have been gauging
Past Perfect Continuous
Conditional
I would gauge
you would gauge
he/she/it would gauge
we would gauge
you would gauge
they would gauge
Past Conditional
I would have gauged
you would have gauged
he/she/it would have gauged
we would have gauged
you would have gauged
they would have gauged

## gauge

A unit of length used to measure the diameter of a shotgun bore; e.g., six-gauge equals 23.34 mm. Originally based on the number of balls of certain size in a pound of shot.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:

## gauge

verb
1. He gauged the wind at over thirty knots.
2. See if you can gauge his reaction to the offer.
noun
1. a temperature gauge
2. The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.
3. A narrow gauge steam railway line

## gauge

also gage
noun
A means by which individuals are compared and judged:
verb
1. To ascertain the dimensions, quantity, or capacity of:
Archaic: mete.
2. To make a judgment as to the worth or value of:
Translations
مِقْياسيُعاَيرُيُقَدِّريَقيسعَرْض، مَسافَه، إتِّساع
målemåleapparatmålersporviddestandardmål
mittaripuolinormiraideleveysmitatamitta
mjeračmjeriti
mérőnyomtávszabványméretû
mælamælir, mælitækimeta, dæmasporvíddstaîlaî mál

게이지측정하다
etalonasmatuoklismatuotistandartastarpas tarp bėgių
degvielas līmeņa indikatorskalibrsmērītnovērtētsliežu platums
rozchod
merilnikmeriti
mätamätaremått
เครื่องวัดวัด
máy đoước lượng

## gauge

gage (US) [geɪdʒ]
A. N (= standard measure) [of wire, bullet, gun] → ; [of railway track] → ancho m, entrevía f, trocha f (LAm); (= instrument) → (fig) →
petrol or > gas gauge (US) →
pressure gauge
B. VT [+ temperature, pressure] → medir (fig) [+ sb's capabilities, character] →
to gauge the distance with one's eye
he knows how to gauge the feeling of the crowd
to gauge the right moment

## gauge

[ˈgeɪdʒ]
n
(= standard measure) →
(= instrument) → fuel gauge, pressure gauge, petrol gauge, gas gauge
vt
(= calculate) →
to gauge the right moment →
(= judge) [+ sb's capabilities, character] → juger de
(= assess) → évaluer

## gauge

n
(= instrument)Messgerät or -instrument nt; (to measure diameter, width etc) → (Mess)lehre f; (for rings) → Ringmaß nt; (to measure water level) → Pegel m; pressure/wind gaugeDruck-/Windmesser m
(= thickness, width, of wire, sheet metal etc) → Stärke f; (of bullet)Durchmesser m, → Kaliber nt; (Rail) → Spurweite f; standard/narrow gaugeNormal-/Schmalspur f
(fig)Maßstab m(of für)
vt
(Tech: = measure) → messen
(fig: = appraise) person’s capacities, character, progressbeurteilen; reaction, course of eventsabschätzen; situationabwägen; moodeinschätzen; (= guess)schätzen; I tried to gauge whether she was pleased or notich versuchte zu beurteilen, ob sie sich freute oder nicht

## gauge

[geɪdʒ]
1. n (standard measure, of bullet) → calibro; (of pipe, wire) → diametro; (of railway track) → scartamento; (instrument) → (fig) →
petrol gauge (Am) gas gauge → indicatore m or spia della benzina
oil gauge → spia dell'olio
pressure gauge → manometro
2. vt (temperature, pressure) → misurare (fig) (sb's capabilities, character) →
to gauge the right moment →

## gauge

(also, especially American) gage (geidʒ) verb
1. to measure (something) very accurately. They gauged the hours of sunshine.
2. to estimate, judge. Can you gauge her willingness to help?
noun
1. an instrument for measuring amount, size, speed etc. a petrol gauge.
2. a standard size (of wire, bullets etc). gauge wire.
3. the distance between the rails of a railway line.

## gauge

měřidlo, odhadnout måle, måleapparat mitata, mittari mjerač, mjeriti 測る, 計器 게이지, 측정하다 mäta, mätare เครื่องวัด, วัด máy đo, ước lượng

n. medida;
vt. medir.

## gauge

n calibre m; 21 — needle aguja de calibre 21
References in classic literature ?
Gauge thy gape with buck or goat, Lest thine eye should choke thy throat, After gorging, wouldst thou sleep?
Ex- perience is a keen teacher; and long before you had mastered your A B C, or knew where the "white sails" of the Chesapeake were bound, you began, I see, to gauge the wretchedness of the slave, not by his hunger and want, not by his lashes and toil, but by the cruel and blighting death which gathers over his soul.
This was not a mere guess; her connection with the child was still so close, that she could gauge by the flow of her milk his need of food, and knew for certain he was hungry.
No one was or is able to foresee in what condition our or the enemy's armies will be in a day's time, and no one can gauge the force of this or that detachment.
With one barrel of his ten- gauge shot-gun he had blown the life out of the bushman who had so nearly got him; with the other barrel he had peppered the bushmen bending over Sagawa, and had the pleasure of knowing that the major portion of the charge had gone into the one who leaped away with Sagawa's head.
Though they began by discussing all manner of subjects in Weeks' little room eventually the conversation always turned to religion: the theological student took a professional interest in it, and Hayward welcomed a subject in which hard facts need not disconcert him; when feeling is the gauge you can snap your angers at logic, and when your logic is weak that is very agreeable.
In this paper we analyze vacuum gauge unreliable pressure measurements during technological coating process at Sidrabe Inc.
The cheaper alternative is to repair or replace an existing gauge.
Objective: To compare the specimen adequacy aspirated by various gauge (21 and 22) needles in external palpable swellings of lymph nodes, thyroid gland, salivary glands, breast and soft tissue.
is pleased to announce that we have developed, commercialized, and will start selling the G-TRAN Series "Multi ionization Gauge SH2", which is a transducer type that can connect gauge heads with different measurement ranges, in October 2011.
The gauge also utilizes a stainless steel sensor and socket making the product suitable for gasses and liquids compatible with stainless steel.
At the time, 2 3/4 inches was the maximum length for the 20 gauge but that changed in 1954 with the introduction by Winchester of a 3-inch version loaded with 1 1/4 ounces of shot.

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