gauge


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Related to gauge: Gauge theory

gauge

also gage  (gāj)
n.
1. A standard dimension, quantity, or capacity, as:
a. The distance between the two rails of a railroad.
b. The distance between two wheels on an axle.
c. The interior diameter of a shotgun barrel as determined by the number of lead balls of a size exactly fitting the barrel that are required to make one pound. Often used in combination: a 12-gauge shotgun.
d. The thickness or diameter of sheet metal, wire, or a similar manufactured material or piece.
e. The fineness of knitted cloth as measured by the number of stitches per a given unit of length.
2. A standard or scale of measurement: The capacity of barrels was measured according to the gauge in use at the time.
3. An instrument for measuring the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something: a pressure gauge; a fuel gauge.
4. A means of estimating or evaluating; a test: a gauge of character.
5. Nautical The position of a vessel in relation to another vessel and the wind.
tr.v. gauged, gaug·ing, gaug·es also gaged or gag·ing or gag·es
1. To measure the dimensions, capacity, proportions, or amount of (something), especially by means of a gauge: gauged the thickness of the metal part.
2. To evaluate or estimate: gauge a person's interest.
3. To adapt or make conform to a specified standard: pressure valves that are gauged to industry requirements.
4. To chip or rub (bricks or stones) to size.
adj.
1. Of or relating to a gauge.
2. Physics Invariant under a local transformation.

[Middle English, from Old North French, gauging rod, of Germanic origin.]

gauge′a·ble adj.

gauge

(ɡeɪdʒ) or

gage

vb (tr)
1. to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
2. to estimate or appraise; judge
3. to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
n
4. (Units) a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
5. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge.
6. (Mechanical Engineering) any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
7. a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
8. scope, capacity, or extent
9. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
10. (Tools) the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
11. (Railways) the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 8 in. (1.435 m)
12. (Automotive Engineering) the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
13. (Nautical Terms) nautical the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
14. (Building) the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
15. (Building) the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
16. (Textiles) a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
17. (Film) the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
adj
(General Physics) (of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge. See also absolute10
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]
ˈgaugeable, ˈgageable adj
ˈgaugeably, ˈgageably adv

gauge

(geɪdʒ)

v. gauged, gaug•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to determine the exact dimensions, capacity, quantity, or force of; measure.
2. to appraise, estimate, or judge.
3. to make conformable to a standard.
4. to mark or measure off; delineate.
5. to chip or rub (bricks or stones) to a uniform size or shape.
n.
6. a standard of measure or measurement.
7. a standard dimension, size, or quantity.
8. any device or instrument for measuring, registering measurements, or testing something: pressure gauge.
9. a means of estimating or judging; criterion; test.
10. extent; scope; capacity.
11. a unit of measure of the internal diameter of a shotgun barrel, equal to the number of lead bullets of such diameter required to make one pound.
12. the distance between the inner edges of the heads of the rails in a track.
13. the thickness or diameter of various, usu. thin, objects, as sheet metal or wire.
14. the fineness of a knitted fabric as expressed in loops per every 1.5 in. (3.8 cm): 15 denier, 60 gauge stockings.
15. Naut. the position of one vessel as being to the windward or to the leeward of another vessel on an approximately parallel course.
Also, esp. in technical use, gage.
[1375–1425; < Old North French (French jauge) < Germanic]

gauge


Past participle: gauged
Gerund: gauging

Imperative
gauge
gauge
Present
I gauge
you gauge
he/she/it gauges
we gauge
you gauge
they gauge
Preterite
I gauged
you gauged
he/she/it gauged
we gauged
you gauged
they gauged
Present Continuous
I am gauging
you are gauging
he/she/it is gauging
we are gauging
you are gauging
they are gauging
Present Perfect
I have gauged
you have gauged
he/she/it has gauged
we have gauged
you have gauged
they have gauged
Past Continuous
I was gauging
you were gauging
he/she/it was gauging
we were gauging
you were gauging
they were gauging
Past Perfect
I had gauged
you had gauged
he/she/it had gauged
we had gauged
you had gauged
they had gauged
Future
I will gauge
you will gauge
he/she/it will gauge
we will gauge
you will gauge
they will gauge
Future Perfect
I will have gauged
you will have gauged
he/she/it will have gauged
we will have gauged
you will have gauged
they will have gauged
Future Continuous
I will be gauging
you will be gauging
he/she/it will be gauging
we will be gauging
you will be gauging
they will be gauging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gauging
you have been gauging
he/she/it has been gauging
we have been gauging
you have been gauging
they have been gauging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gauging
you will have been gauging
he/she/it will have been gauging
we will have been gauging
you will have been gauging
they will have been gauging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gauging
you had been gauging
he/she/it had been gauging
we had been gauging
you had been gauging
they had been gauging
Conditional
I would gauge
you would gauge
he/she/it would gauge
we would gauge
you would gauge
they would gauge
Past Conditional
I would have gauged
you would have gauged
he/she/it would have gauged
we would have gauged
you would have gauged
they would have gauged

gauge

A unit of length used to measure the diameter of a shotgun bore; e.g., six-gauge equals 23.34 mm. Originally based on the number of balls of certain size in a pound of shot.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gauge - a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.gauge - a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.
anemometer, wind gage, wind gauge - a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind
depth gage, depth gauge - a gauge for measuring the depth of grooves or holes or other concavities
dipstick - a graduated rod dipped into a container to indicate the fluid level
gas gage, gas gauge, gasoline gage, gasoline gauge, petrol gage, petrol gauge - gauge that indicates the amount of gasoline left in the gasoline tank of a vehicle
measuring device, measuring instrument, measuring system - instrument that shows the extent or amount or quantity or degree of something
pressure gage, pressure gauge - gauge for measuring and indicating fluid pressure
pluviometer, rain gage, rain gauge, udometer - gauge consisting of an instrument to measure the quantity of precipitation
strain gage, strain gauge - a gauge for measuring strain in a surface
scribing block, surface gage, surface gauge - gauge consisting of a scriber mounted on an adjustable stand; used to test the accuracy of plane surfaces
vacuum gage, vacuum gauge - a gauge for indicating negative atmospheric pressure
water gage, water gauge, water glass - gauge for indicating the level of water in e.g. a tank or boiler or reservoir
wire gage, wire gauge - gauge for measuring the diameter of wire
2.gauge - accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
criterion, standard, touchstone, measure - a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated; "the schools comply with federal standards"; "they set the measure for all subsequent work"
3.gauge - the distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train
broad gauge - a railroad track (or its width) broader than the standard 56.5 inches
narrow gauge - a railroad track (or its width) narrower than the standard 56.5 inches
standard gauge - railroad track having the standard width of 56.5 inches
distance, length - size of the gap between two places; "the distance from New York to Chicago"; "he determined the length of the shortest line segment joining the two points"
4.gauge - the thickness of wire
thickness - the dimension through an object as opposed to its length or width
5.gauge - diameter of a tube or gun barrel
diam, diameter - the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference
Verb1.gauge - judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)gauge - judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
compute, calculate, cipher, cypher, figure, reckon, work out - make a mathematical calculation or computation
quantise, quantize - approximate (a signal varying continuously in amplitude) by one whose amplitude is restricted to a prescribed set of discrete values
misgauge - gauge something incorrectly or improperly
put, place, set - estimate; "We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M."
give - estimate the duration or outcome of something; "He gave the patient three months to live"; "I gave him a very good chance at success"
lowball, underestimate - make a deliberately low estimate; "The construction company wanted the contract badly and lowballed"
assess - estimate the value of (property) for taxation; "Our house hasn't been assessed in years"
make - calculate as being; "I make the height about 100 feet"
reckon, count - take account of; "You have to reckon with our opponents"; "Count on the monsoon"
truncate - approximate by ignoring all terms beyond a chosen one; "truncate a series"
guesstimate - estimate based on a calculation
2.gauge - rub to a uniform size; "gauge bricks"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
3.gauge - determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation; "gauge the wine barrels"
ascertain, determine, find out, find - establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study; "find the product of two numbers"; "The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize"
4.gauge - measure precisely and against a standard; "the wire is gauged"
measure, quantify - express as a number or measure or quantity; "Can you quantify your results?"
5.gauge - adapt to a specified measurement; "gauge the instruments"
standardize, standardise - cause to conform to standard or norm; "The weights and measures were standardized"
6.gauge - mix in specific proportions; "gauge plaster"
coalesce, conflate, fuse, immix, mix, merge, commingle, blend, meld, flux, combine - mix together different elements; "The colors blend well"

gauge

verb
1. measure, calculate, evaluate, value, size, determine, count, weigh, compute, ascertain, quantify He gauged the wind at over thirty knots.
2. judge, estimate, guess, assess, evaluate, rate, appraise, reckon, adjudge See if you can gauge his reaction to the offer.
noun
1. meter, indicator, dial, measuring instrument a temperature gauge
2. indicator, test, rule, standard, model, measure, guide, basis, pattern, index, sample, par, guideline, criterion, meter, yardstick, touchstone, exemplar The index is the government's chief gauge of future economic activity.
3. size, measure, degree, capacity, bore, extent, height, depth, scope, span, measurement, width, magnitude, thickness A narrow gauge steam railway line

gauge

also gage
noun
A means by which individuals are compared and judged:
verb
1. To ascertain the dimensions, quantity, or capacity of:
Archaic: mete.
2. To make a judgment as to the worth or value of:
Translations
مِقْياسيُعاَيرُيُقَدِّريَقيسعَرْض، مَسافَه، إتِّساع
měřidloměřitměrkanormaodhadnout
målemåleapparatmålersporviddestandardmål
mittaripuolinormiraideleveysmitatamitta
mjeračmjeriti
mérőnyomtávszabványméretû
mælamælir, mælitækimeta, dæmasporvíddstaîlaî mál
測る計器
게이지측정하다
etalonasmatuoklismatuotistandartastarpas tarp bėgių
degvielas līmeņa indikatorskalibrsmērītnovērtētsliežu platums
rozchod
merilnikmeriti
mätamätaremått
เครื่องวัดวัด
máy đoước lượng

gauge

gage (US) [geɪdʒ]
A. N (= standard measure) [of wire, bullet, gun] → calibre m; [of railway track] → ancho m, entrevía f, trocha f (LAm); (= instrument) → indicador m (fig) → indicación f, muestra f
petrol or > gas gauge (US) → indicador m del nivel de gasolina
oil gaugeindicador m de(l) aceite
pressure gaugemanómetro m
see also narrow E
B. VT [+ temperature, pressure] → medir (fig) [+ sb's capabilities, character] → estimar, juzgar
to gauge the distance with one's eyemedir la distancia al ojo
he knows how to gauge the feeling of the crowdsabe reconocer los deseos de la multitud
to gauge the right momentelegir el momento oportuno

gauge

[ˈgeɪdʒ]
n
(= standard measure) → calibre m
(= instrument) → jauge f fuel gauge, pressure gauge, petrol gauge, gas gauge
vt
(= calculate) → évaluer, jauger
to gauge the right moment → calculer le moment propice
(= judge) [+ sb's capabilities, character] → juger de
(= assess) → évaluer

gauge

n
(= instrument)Messgerät or -instrument nt; (to measure diameter, width etc) → (Mess)lehre f; (for rings) → Ringmaß nt; (to measure water level) → Pegel m; pressure/wind gaugeDruck-/Windmesser m
(= thickness, width, of wire, sheet metal etc) → Stärke f; (of bullet)Durchmesser m, → Kaliber nt; (Rail) → Spurweite f; standard/narrow gaugeNormal-/Schmalspur f
(fig)Maßstab m(of für)
vt
(Tech: = measure) → messen
(fig: = appraise) person’s capacities, character, progressbeurteilen; reaction, course of eventsabschätzen; situationabwägen; moodeinschätzen; (= guess)schätzen; I tried to gauge whether she was pleased or notich versuchte zu beurteilen, ob sie sich freute oder nicht

gauge

[geɪdʒ]
1. n (standard measure, of bullet) → calibro; (of pipe, wire) → diametro; (of railway track) → scartamento; (instrument) → indicatore m di livello (fig) → metro, criterio
petrol gauge (Am) gas gauge → indicatore m or spia della benzina
oil gauge → spia dell'olio
pressure gauge → manometro
2. vt (temperature, pressure) → misurare (fig) (sb's capabilities, character) → valutare, stimare
to gauge the right moment → calcolare il momento giusto

gauge

(also, especially American) gage (geidʒ) verb
1. to measure (something) very accurately. They gauged the hours of sunshine.
2. to estimate, judge. Can you gauge her willingness to help?
noun
1. an instrument for measuring amount, size, speed etc. a petrol gauge.
2. a standard size (of wire, bullets etc). gauge wire.
3. the distance between the rails of a railway line.

gauge

مِقْياس, يُعاَيرُ měřidlo, odhadnout måle, måleapparat messen, Messgerät μετρητής, μετρώ calcular, indicador mitata, mittari jauge, jauger mjerač, mjeriti calibro, valutare 測る, 計器 게이지, 측정하다 meetinstrument, meten måle, måler wskaźnik, zmierzyć calcular, instrumento medidor измеритель, измерять mäta, mätare เครื่องวัด, วัด ölçek, ölçmek máy đo, ước lượng 标准尺, 测量

gauge

n. medida;
vt. medir.

gauge

n calibre m; 21 — needle aguja de calibre 21
References in classic literature ?
Ex- perience is a keen teacher; and long before you had mastered your A B C, or knew where the "white sails" of the Chesapeake were bound, you began, I see, to gauge the wretchedness of the slave, not by his hunger and want, not by his lashes and toil, but by the cruel and blighting death which gathers over his soul.
Next, the old man would seat himself warily on a chair, and, never removing his eyes from his son, follow his every movement, as though seeking to gauge Petinka's state of mind.
Gauge thy gape with buck or goat, Lest thine eye should choke thy throat, After gorging, wouldst thou sleep?
Though they began by discussing all manner of subjects in Weeks' little room eventually the conversation always turned to religion: the theological student took a professional interest in it, and Hayward welcomed a subject in which hard facts need not disconcert him; when feeling is the gauge you can snap your angers at logic, and when your logic is weak that is very agreeable.
No one was or is able to foresee in what condition our or the enemy's armies will be in a day's time, and no one can gauge the force of this or that detachment.
Among the other things which I sent to Innes was over five hundred miles of double, insulated wire of a very fine gauge.
We wear a mask upon our faces; we carry a gauge for our emotions.
Nothing is going to be lost--not one pile out of the docks, not one railroad spike, not one ounce of steam out of the gauge of a ferry-boat.
Aylward and Johnston had been engaged in throwing light tufts of grass into the air to gauge the wind force, and a hoarse whisper passed down the ranks from the file-leaders to the men, with scraps of advice and admonition.
With one barrel of his ten- gauge shot-gun he had blown the life out of the bushman who had so nearly got him; with the other barrel he had peppered the bushmen bending over Sagawa, and had the pleasure of knowing that the major portion of the charge had gone into the one who leaped away with Sagawa's head.
But we shall be able to gauge with some security the duration of these intervals by a comparison of the preceding and succeeding organic forms.
The emergencies of warfare had accustomed the commandant to gauge the real worth of men; he admired the wonderful quickness of Butifer's movements, the sure-footed grace with which the hunter swung himself down the rugged sides of the crag, to the top of which he had so boldly climbed.