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An ox (Bos frontalis) of South and Southeast Asia that is the domesticated form of the gaur.

[Bengali gayāl, probably from Sanskrit gauḥ, ox; see gwou- in Indo-European roots.]


n, pl gayal or gayals
(Animals) an ox of India and Myanmar, Bibos frontalis, possibly a semidomesticated variety of gaur, black or brown with white stockings
[C19: from Bengali gayāl, from Sanskrit gāŭra; compare gaur]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gayal - ox of southeast Asia sometimes considered a domesticated breed of the gaurgayal - ox of southeast Asia sometimes considered a domesticated breed of the gaur
Bibos, genus Bibos - wild ox
Asian wild ox - genus of Asiatic wild oxen
References in periodicals archive ?
Bacterial diversity in the rumen of Gayals (Bos frontalis), Swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) and Holstein cow as revealed by cloned 16S rRNA gene sequences.
6) One who has proven his mettle as a brave warrior at war, and his prowess in big game hunting, and who has earned the privilege of drinking zu (rice beer) from the nopui (horn of the gayal--the domesticated mithun, Bos frontalis; the possession of many gayals denoted wealth in the old days), usually proffered by the chief and his elders.
Gayals had a larger proportion of monomorphic SNPs, which accounted for 79.
Gayal (Bos frontalis) is a large, semi domesticated bovine species seen in the southeastern hilly regions of Bangladesh.
Therefore, we used high density bovine SNP 80K to assess genetic diversity and population structure of Bangladeshi indigenous cattle populations and the semi-domesticated gayal.
For comparison, we also collected 17 samples from the gayal population of the Bandarban district, a hilly region of Bangladesh.
In Naga and Chin hills, gayals are important sacrificial animals and regarded as a social status symbol for the Naga people (Simoons and Simoons, 1968).
2007) analyzed cytochrome b (Cyt b) gene partial sequences of 12 gayals from Yunnan province having thirty-three mutations that defined four different haplotypes.
2011) conducted a study whereby mitochondrial cytb gene of 20 gayals from Myanmar and 13 from Bhutan were sequenced to trace its maternal origin.
In the present study, the cytochrome b (Cyt b) gene entire sequences (1,140 bp) of 11 gayals in Yunnan China were analyzed.
In the present study, Cyt b gene entire sequences of 11 gayals in China were analyzed.
Applying simple random sampling in typical colony methods in the central area of habitat (in Nu River City of Yunnan Province), 11 gayals were selected.