gender


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Related to gender: Gender roles

gen·der

 (jĕn′dər)
n.
1. Grammar
a. A grammatical category, often designated as male, female, or neuter, used in the classification of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and, in some languages, verbs that may be arbitrary or based on characteristics such as sex or animacy and that determines agreement with or selection of modifiers, referents, or grammatical forms.
b. The fact of being classified as belonging to such a category: agreement in gender, number, and case.
2.
a. Either of the two divisions, designated female and male, by which most organisms are classified on the basis of their reproductive organs and functions; sex.
b. One's identity as female or male or as neither entirely female nor entirely male.
c. Females or males considered as a group: Students lined up with the genders in different lines.
tr.v. gen·dered, gen·der·ing, gen·ders Archaic
To engender.

[Middle English gendre, from Old French, kind, gender, from Latin genus, gener-; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

gen′der·less adj.
Usage Note: Some people maintain that the word sex should be reserved for reference to the biological aspects of being male or female or to sexual activity, and that the word gender should be used only to refer to sociocultural roles. Accordingly, one would say The effectiveness of the treatment appears to depend on the sex of the patient and In society, gender roles are clearly defined. In some situations this distinction avoids ambiguity, as in gender research, which is clear in a way that sex research is not. The distinction can be problematic, however. Linguistically, there isn't any real difference between gender bias and sex bias, and it may seem contrived to insist that sex is incorrect in this instance.

gender

(ˈdʒɛndə)
n
1. (Grammar) a set of two or more grammatical categories into which the nouns of certain languages are divided, sometimes but not necessarily corresponding to the sex of the referent when animate. See also natural gender
2. (Grammar) any of the categories, such as masculine, feminine, neuter, or common, within such a set
3. informal the state of being male, female, or neuter
4. informal all the members of one sex: the female gender.
[C14: from Old French gendre, from Latin genus kind]
ˈgenderless adj

gen•der1

(ˈdʒɛn dər)

n.
1.
a. a set of grammatical categories applied to nouns, shown by the form of the noun itself or the choice of words that modify, replace, or refer to it, often correlated in part with sex or animateness, as in the choice of he to replace the man,she to replace the woman, or it to replace the table, but sometimes based on arbitrary assignment without regard to the referent of the noun, as in French le livre (masculine) “the book” or German das Mädchen (neuter) “the girl.”
b. one of the categories in such a set, as masculine, feminine, neuter, or common.
c. membership of a word or grammatical form in such a category.
2.
a. sex: the feminine gender.
b. the societal or behavioral aspects of sexual identity: gender studies.
3. Archaic. kind, sort, or class.
[1300–50; < Middle French gen(d)re < Latin gener-, s. of genus kind, sort; compare genus]
gen′der•less, adj.
usage.: The use of gender in the sense “sex” (The author's gender should be irrelevant.) is over 600 years old. Although some people feel that gender should be reserved for grammatical category only, the “sex” sense of gender is now extremely common; sex itself is becoming increasingly rare except when referring to copulation.

gen•der2

(ˈdʒɛn dər)
v.t., v.i.
1. Archaic. to engender.
2. Obs. to breed.
[1300–50; Middle English < Middle French gendrer < Latin generāre to beget; see generate]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
feminine - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to females or to objects classified as female
masculine - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to males or to objects classified as male
neuter - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to inanimate objects (neither masculine nor feminine)
2.gender - the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; "she didn't want to know the sex of the foetus"
physiological property - a property having to do with the functioning of the body
maleness, masculinity - the properties characteristic of the male sex
androgyny, bisexuality, hermaphroditism - showing characteristics of both sexes
femaleness, feminineness - the properties characteristic of the female sex

gender

noun sex Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.
Translations
geslag
pohlavírod
køn
sukupuolisynnyttäätuottaasaada aikaansuku
rod
kyn
性別
genus
dzimte
rod
spol
polrodполрод
genuskönkönsroll
เพศ
giới tính

gender

[ˈdʒendəʳ]
A. N (Ling) → género m; (= sex) → sexo m
B. CPD gender gap Nbrecha f entre los sexos
gender stereotype Nestereotipo m sexual

gender

[ˈdʒɛndər]
n
[person] → sexe m
[word] → genre m
modif
gender differences → les différences entre les hommes et les femmes
gender relations → les relations entre les hommes et les femmes
gender equality → l'égalité des sexesgender-bender [ˈdʒɛndərbɛndər] ntravelo m gender selection n (= choosing sex of a baby) → sélection f du sexe

gender

nGeschlecht nt; what gender is this word?welches Geschlecht hat dieses Wort?; the feminine/masculine/neuter genderdas Femininum/Maskulinum/Neutrum

gender

:
gender-bender
n (inf)
(Comput) = gender changer
(= person) to be a gender (man) → feminin wirken; (woman) → maskulin wirken
gender changer
n (Comput) → Stecker-Stecker-Adapter m; → Buchse-Buchse-Adapter m
gender issues
gender politics
plGeschlechterpolitik f
gender reassignment
n (form)Geschlechtsumwandlung f

gender

[ˈdʒɛndəʳ] n (Gram) → genere m (frm) (sex) → sesso

gender

(ˈdʒendə) noun
any of a number of classes into which nouns and pronouns can be divided (eg masculine, feminine, neuter).

gender

جِنْس pohlaví køn Geschlecht γένος género sukupuoli genre rod sesso geslacht kjønn płeć género, gênero пол kön เพศ cinsiyet giới tính 性别

gen·der

n. género, denominación del sexo masculino o femenino;
___ identityidentidad de ___;
___ rolerepresentación de ___.

gender

n género, sexo; — identity identidad f de género
References in classic literature ?
Therefore, it is either DER (the) Regen, or DIE (the) Regen, or DAS (the) Regen, according to which gender it may turn out to be when I look.
Ye--es," Miss Dearborn answered hesitatingly, never very sure of herself under Rebecca's fire; "but though we often speak of a baby, a chicken, or a kitten as `it,' they are really masculine or feminine gender, not neuter.
In consideration of the day and hour of my birth, it was declared by the nurse, and by some sage women in the neighbourhood who had taken a lively interest in me several months before there was any possibility of our becoming personally acquainted, first, that I was destined to be unlucky in life; and secondly, that I was privileged to see ghosts and spirits; both these gifts inevitably attaching, as they believed, to all unlucky infants of either gender, born towards the small hours on a Friday night.
I subsequently found out that the fabric they were engaged in making was of a peculiar kind, destined to be worn on the heads of the females, and through every stage of its manufacture was guarded by a rigorous taboo, which interdicted the whole masculine gender from even so much as touching it.
The blows were given by a person of grisly aspect, with a head almost bald, and sunken cheeks, apparently of the feminine gender, though hardly to be classed in the gentler sex.
The noun "angel" being of common gender suits the case admirably, and the epithet is sure of being favorably received.
If I had kept clear of his old girl causes him usually to make the noun- substantive "goodness" of the feminine gender.
Footnote: Since the French word 'Morte' is feminine, the preceding article was originally 'La,' but the whole name had come to be thought of as a compound phrase and hence as masculine or neuter in gender.
In reading he grasped a word in its entirety; but when he spoke the words he had learned from the books of his father, he pronounced each according to the names he had given the various little bugs which occurred in it, usually giving the gender prefix for each.
Scattered upon the flimsy dresser scarf were half a dozen hairpins--those discreet, indistinguishable friends of womankind, feminine of gender, infinite of mood and uncommunicative of tense.
Public opinion, in these cases, is always of the feminine gender,--not the world, but the world's wife; and she would have seen that two handsome young people--the gentleman of quite the first family in St.
I assure you I am often surprised at my own fluency, and, when I get a little more practice in the genders and the idioms, I shall do very well in this respect.