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Related to gender: Gender roles
In many other languages, especially the Romance languages (such as French, Spanish, and Italian), a large number of nouns are coded as being either feminine or masculine.
This used to be the case in Old English as well, but in modern English only certain nouns that describe a person who performs an action are inflected for gender. This is usually achieved by changing the end of the word to a feminine suffix, such as “-ess,” “-ine,” and “-trix.” Words are less commonly changed to specifically reflect masculine gender, but the few that do use the suffixes “-er” or “-or.”
|Noun||1.||gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness|
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
feminine - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to females or to objects classified as female
masculine - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to males or to objects classified as male
neuter - a gender that refers chiefly (but not exclusively) to inanimate objects (neither masculine nor feminine)
|2.||gender - the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; "she didn't want to know the sex of the foetus"|
physiological property - a property having to do with the functioning of the body