Feb 20-Mar 20 PISCES YOU'VE never really thought of yourself as a dog person, but all the gene-splicing
and painful surgery will prove you were wrong.
Superhero movies tell us that gene-splicing
is as easy as getting bit by a spider, or that finding criminals is a breeze with the help of DNA evidence (always conveniently found, always instantly analyzed).
Having ensured that the new protein is safe for people and animals to eat, the second phase ensures that the gene-splicing
process itself has not created any unexpected changes that might be harmful to consumers.
That led to guidelines and federal regulations of recombinant DNA, the gene-splicing
technology that underlay the founding of Genentech and other biotech companies and revolutionised the production of many pharmaceuticals.
Back in 1974, several prominent biologists concerned about the "potential bio-hazards" posed by then-new gene-splicing
techniques that had been described in leading scientific journals called for a time-out on certain kinds of experiments.
A 20-year scientific consensus holds that gene-splicing
is an extension, or refinement, of less precise and less predictable techniques for genetically improved products with which consumers and government regulators have long familiarity and comfort.
But after repeated use of atrazine, resistant weeds began to appear just a decade after it was first introduced in 1958, long before the techniques of gene-splicing
were even invented.
technology to create genetically modified organisms (GMO) already exists in food supplies: 91% of soy and 73% of corn grown in the U.
A GROUP of multi-national European scientists has used gene-splicing
techniques to create an extraordinary tomato.
Ajinomoto had demanded in the suit that Chugai pay 3 billion yen in damages on the grounds that it exploited Ajinomoto's gene-splicing
technology to manufacture two ethical drugs -- the renal anemia drug Epogin and Neutrogin, a cancer treatment drug.
The FDA, USDA, and EPA, regulators of gene-splicing
technology, all say yes, gene splicing does bring with it novel risks and have devised separate regulatory rules for gene-spliced vs.
Then they dose what they hope is the gene-spliced product in antibiotics; if the food dies, that means that the gene-splicing
did not take.