general relativity


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general relativity

n.
The geometric theory of gravitation developed by Albert Einstein, incorporating and extending the theory of special relativity to accelerated frames of reference and introducing the principle that gravity is a consequence of matter causing a curvature in spacetime.

rel•a•tiv•i•ty

(ˌrɛl əˈtɪv ɪ ti)

n.
1. the state or fact of being relative.
2.
a. Also called special relativity. the first part of Einstein's two-part theory, based on the axioms that physical laws have the same form throughout the universe and that the velocity of light in a vacuum is a universal constant, from which is derived the mass-energy equation, E = mc2.
b. Also called general relativity. the second part, a theory of gravitation based on the axiom that the local effects of a gravitational field and of the acceleration of an inertial system are identical.
3. dependence of a mental state upon the nature of the human mind.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.general relativity - a generalization of special relativity to include gravity (based on the principle of equivalence)
Einstein's theory of relativity, relativity, relativity theory, theory of relativity - (physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts
References in periodicals archive ?
But the finding does not mean that Einstein's equations of general relativity, which so far perfectly describe the evolution of the cosmos, are wrong, said Hintz, a Clay Research Fellow.
He discusses in detail some of the "key scientific concepts of his career", such as special and general relativity, the 'cosmological constant', the redshift of spectral lines, unified field theory and quantum mechanics.
Naked singularities - which, if proven, would upend this aspect of general relativity - have been predicted before, but those predictions all rely on moving (http://www.
If this is true, Einsteins theory of general relativity suggests that the energy would have a strong gravitational effect and most physicists think this would cause the universe to explode.
That means clocks will run slower down there, and the Earth will be slightly younger at its core, due to general relativity.
And yet, even today, hardly anyone apart from specialists understands general relativity -- unlike, say, the theory of natural selection, the periodic table of the elements, and the wave/particle duality in quantum theory.
General relativity explains, with fantastic precision, the dynamics of everything from pebbles to planets to galaxies.
General relativity predicted radical things, such as that light is deflected by gravity.
In the background of such unique origination, the general fundamental physics journal Progress in Physics, with a substantial portion of publications in General Relativity and differential geometry--in common with The Abraham Zelmanov Journal, is dedicated mostly to original, profound, critical, and challenging scientific works that potentially engage with the overall, far-reaching horizons and verizons of theoretical and experimental physics, mathematics, astronomy/cosmology, and of science as a whole, thereby expanding and synthesizing new scientific landscapes for both the present and the future.
Dr Mohammad Sharif said the conference was devoted to celebrate centenary of Einstein's theory of general relativity which he developed in November 1915 and was considered as a great scientific development in fundamental understanding of space, time and matter.
Stranger still is that, though general relativity is celebrated and revered among physicists like no other theory in science, they would doubtless react with joy if it is proved to fail.
Through a process called "weak gravitational lensing," the distortions in the B-mode polarization pattern, they hoped, would allow astronomers to map regions of the universe filled with invisible "dark matter" and "dark energy" and well as provide a test for general relativity on cosmological scales.

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