genetic code


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genetic code

n.
1. The set of DNA and RNA sequences that determine the amino acid sequences used in the synthesis of an organism's proteins. It is the biochemical basis of heredity and nearly universal in all organisms.
2. The set of 64 codons corresponding to the 20 amino acids used for protein synthesis and as the signals for starting and stopping protein synthesis.

genetic coding n.

genetic code

n
(Biochemistry) biochem the order in which the nitrogenous bases of DNA are arranged in the molecule, which determines the type and amount of protein synthesized in the cell. The four bases are arranged in groups of three in a specific order, each group acting as a unit (codon), which specifies a particular amino acid. See also messenger RNA, transfer RNA

genet′ic code′


n.
the biochemical instructions that translate the genetic information present as a linear sequence of nucleotide triplets in messenger RNA into the correct linear sequence of amino acids for the synthesis of a particular peptide chain or protein. Compare codon, translation (def. 6).
[1960–65]

ge·net·ic code

(jə-nĕt′ĭk)
The sequence of organic bases (called nucleotides) in DNA and RNA that determines the structure of amino acids in a protein.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic code - the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
triplet code - the normal version of the genetic code in which a sequence of three nucleotides codes for the synthesis of a specific amino acid
Translations
genetikai kód

genetic code

ncodice m genetico
References in periodicals archive ?
GENE editing has taken a leap forward with a new technique to fix mutations in the genetic code responsible for thousands of inherited diseases.
In particular, the Arbely group is studying biologically relevant questions by developing and applying methods for manipulating the genetic code.
Cracking the Genetic Code of Biodiversity swissnex San Francisco - swissnex The preservation of plant diversity and seed heritage is a global issue at the crossroads of science, technology, and society.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A new discovery that large numbers of exceptions from the canonical genetic code challenged the long-held assumption that each word means the same thing to every organism.
13 ( ANI ): A group of scientists has discovered a second, 'hidden' language in human genetic code.
A scientific team at King Faisal headed by senior cancer researcher Khawla Al-Karia uncovered the genetic code of more than 500 cases of thyroid cancer.
Across 15 per cent of their genetic code, or genome, gorillas are closer to humans than chimpanzees.
The healthy foods appear to modify genetic code variants on the 9p21 chromosome known to increase heart disease risk.
The study looked at the heart disease risk conferred by several single-letter changes in the genetic code, or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), on 9p21.
Scientists have created an artificial life form using a genetic code written on a computer.
Kronecker matrix families of square matrices are applied to genetic informatics to derive the following results: new phenomenological rules of evolution of the genetic code, connections of genetic code structures to multi-dimensional algebras, and parallels with quantum computers.
The deciphering of the genetic code got its just deserts on November 12 when the American Chemical Society officially declared it a National Historic Chemical Landmark.