genetic disorder


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genetic disorder

n.
A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic disorder - a disease or disorder that is inherited geneticallygenetic disorder - a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
monogenic disease, monogenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes
polygenic disease, polygenic disorder - an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once
achondroplasia, achondroplasty, chondrodystrophy, osteosclerosis congenita - an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
abetalipoproteinemia - a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels
inborn error of metabolism - any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
congenital megacolon, Hirschsprung's disease - congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon
mucopolysaccharidosis - any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues
hyperbetalipoproteinemia - a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age
ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is dry and scaly like a fish
branched chain ketoaciduria, maple syrup urine disease - an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood
McArdle's disease - an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping
dystrophy, muscular dystrophy - any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
oligodactyly - congenital condition in which some fingers or toes are missing
oligodontia - congenital condition in which some of the teeth are missing
otosclerosis - hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
autosomal dominant disease, autosomal dominant disorder - a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome
autosomal recessive defect, autosomal recessive disease - a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome
congenital pancytopenia, Fanconi's anaemia, Fanconi's anemia - a rare congenital anemia characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplasia of the bone marrow
juvenile amaurotic idiocy, Spielmeyer-Vogt disease - a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death
congenital afibrinogenemia - a rare congenital disorder of blood coagulation in which no fibrinogen is found in the blood plasma
Albers-Schonberg disease, marble bones disease, osteopetrosis - an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
nevoid elephantiasis, pachyderma - thickening of the skin (usually unilateral on an extremity) caused by congenital enlargement of lymph vessel and lymph vessel obstruction
dwarfism, nanism - a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
lactase deficiency, lactose intolerance, milk intolerance - congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
porphyria - a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
hepatolenticular degeneration, Wilson's disease - a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
References in periodicals archive ?
Tawam Hospital, in affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medicine and part of the Seha (Abu Dhabi health services) health-care system, is one of the region's leading centres for oncology and genetic disorder research and treatment.
Genetic disorder is becoming an institution and, even though it comes out infrequently, it's always good for a few belly laughs, several guffaws, much chortling, and the occasional whinny.
Now, researchers have discovered that a new oral drug created to ease a genetic disorder could have contraceptive benefits.
Thalassaemia is a genetic disorder which requires regular blood transfusions and extensive medical care.
The company said a mid-stage trial that was testing its drug Iplex for the treatment of a genetic disorder failed to show efficacy and did not meet the majority of the functional goals of the study.
Patna: A rare genetic disorder has turned the colour of an infant's blood from red to white in Bihar, a doctor treating the baby said on Friday.
DMD/BMD is perhaps the most prevalent of the muscular dystrophies and is the most common lethal genetic disorder diagnosed during childhood today.
Each student chooses a genetic disorder, researches the disorder, and prepares a presentation for the class.
One baby in 33 in the UK suffers from a genetic disorder, with many of the conditions having no current cure.
I'll be damned if Genetic Disorder hasn't become somewhat of a San Diego institution--which, as counter intuitive as that might sound, is actually quite a good thing.
According to the university's research group, the congenital abnormality of KRAS and BRAF induces CFC syndrome, a rare genetic disorder characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, congenital cardiac lesion, mental deficiency, and excessive keratinization.