genetic engineering


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

genetic engineering

n.
Scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins.

genetic engineer n.

genetic engineering

n
(Genetics) alteration of the DNA of a cell for purposes of research, as a means of manufacturing animal proteins, correcting genetic defects, or making improvements to plants and animals bred by humans

genet′ic engineer′ing


n.
1. the development and application of scientific procedures and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.
2. a technique producing unlimited amounts of otherwise unavailable or scarce biological products by introducing DNA from living organisms into bacteria and then harvesting the product, as human insulin produced in bacteria by the human insulin gene. Also called biogenetics.
[1965–70]
genet′ic engineer′, n.

genetic engineering

The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA, which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic engineering - the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
biotech, biotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes; "biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
Translations
هَنْدّسَه وراثِيَّه
genetické inženýrství
genteknik
génsebészetgéntechnológia
genetické inžinierstvo
genetik mühendisliği

genetic engineering

ningegneria genetica

gene

(dʒiːn) noun
any of the basic elements of heredity, passed from parents to their offspring. If the children are red-haired, one of their parents must have a gene for red hair.
genetic (dʒəˈnetik) adjective
of genes or genetics. a genetic abnormality.
genetic engineering noun
the science of changing the genetic features of animals and plants.
genetics (dʒəˈnetiks) noun singular
the science of heredity.
References in periodicals archive ?
com)-- Genetic Enginering-2013 is designed to bring together eminent scientists, researchers, leading experts and scholars to share their experiences and views about the recent advancements and trends in the field of Genetic Engineering.
Once you realize that DNA is not fixed, and is in fact constantly changing, the notion of genetic engineering seems quite innocent.
Introduction to Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
to include more omega-3 fatty acids would be a healthy alternative to genetic engineering and wouldn't require government approval.
An obvious target for genetic engineering is the rubber transferase enzyme, the biological catalyst that polymerizes natural rubber from isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), an allylic pyrophosphate (usually farnesyl pyrophosphate, FPP, in vivo) being required to initiate the reaction.
The Worldwide Challenge to Genetic Engineering (London and New York: Zed Books, 2001), 440 pp, Pb, index, ISBN 1 85649 835 2
Walter de Gruyter (New York/Berlin) has begun the publication of the Journal of International Biotechnology Law, a new title for courts and counsel dealing with the legal implications of the latest developments in the spheres of biotechnology and genetic engineering.
As humanity ushers in the brave new world of genetic engineering, these thoughts acquire an altogether new twist.
McKibben accepts that the fondest dreams of the proponents of human genetic engineering eventually could come to pass.
The story of how genetic engineering came to enter the arena of plant development, and how the matter is influencing food production, is expertly told by an author with a wide-ranging knowledge of the subject.
He thinks genetic engineering is yet another transgression against God.
Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate