genome


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Related to genome: Human genome, Genome sequencing

ge·nome

 (jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.


ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

(ˈdʒiːnəʊm) or

genom

n
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
genomic adj

ge•nome

(ˈdʒi noʊm)

n.
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
ge•no′mic, adj.

ge·nome

(jē′nōm)
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
Translations
genom
genomiperimä
génállománygenom
erfðamengi
ゲノム
genoom
genom
genoma
genom
genom

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] Ngenoma m

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] ngénome m

genome

n (Biol) → Genom nt

genom

, genome
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.

genome

n genoma m; human — genoma humano
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists have officially unveiled the DNA code of the western honeybee, the first genome to be sequenced for an animal with ultrastratified societies.
Adam, Eve, and the Genome: The Human Genome Project and Theology.
Kenneth Olden, director of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), convened a historic conference titled "The Environmental Genome Project" held 17-18 October 1997 in Bethesda, Maryland.
454 Life Sciences, an innovative developer of genome-scale sequencing technologies and a majority-owned subsidiary of CuraGen Corporation (NASDAQ: CRGN), has obtained an exclusive license for sole use of sequencing by synthesis and pyrophosphate based sequencing for whole genome applications from Pyrosequencing AB (Stockholm: PYRO A), a global technology solutions provider for the Applied Genomics market.
The Canadian government has given the non-profit group Genome Canada $300 million to create a nationwide genomics research program.
LIFE SCRIPT: How the Human Genome Discoveries Will Transform Medicine and Enhance Your Health by Nicholas Wade Simon & Schuster, $24.
The sequencing of the human genome is only the tip of the iceberg.
To find out, Q&A on your body's manual--the human genome.
This is years ahead of the original schedule set by the government-funded Human Genome Project, but stiff competition from the private sector, particularly from Celera Genomics, is now setting the pace of scientific discovery.
Breakthrough Cloud-Based Genome Interpretation Engine Enables the Next Generation of Whole Genome Association Studies
This accomplishment makes the black cottonwood, a type of poplar, the third plant species whose genome has been sequenced.