gentian

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gen·tian

 (jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

[Middle English gencian, from Old French genciane, from Latin gentiāna, perhaps after Gentius, second-century bc king of Illyria.]

gentian

(ˈdʒɛnʃən)
n
1. (Plants) any gentianaceous plant of the genera Gentiana or Gentianella, having blue, yellow, white, or red showy flowers
2. (Plants) the bitter-tasting dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (European or yellow gentian), which can be used as a tonic
3. (Plants) any of several similar plants, such as the horse gentian
[C14: from Latin gentiāna; perhaps named after Gentius, a second-century bc Illyrian king, reputedly the first to use it medicinally]

gen•tian

(ˈdʒɛn ʃən)

n.
1. any plant of the gentian family, esp. the genus Gentiana, having usu. blue but sometimes yellow, white, or red flowers.
2. the root of a European species of gentian, G. lutea, used as a tonic.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin gentiāna]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gentian - any of various plants of the family Gentianaceae especially the genera Gentiana and Gentianella and Gentianopsisgentian - any of various plants of the family Gentianaceae especially the genera Gentiana and Gentianella and Gentianopsis
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
family Gentianaceae, gentian family, Gentianaceae - chiefly herbaceous plants with showy flowers; some are cultivated as ornamentals
Gentiana acaulis, gentianella - low-growing alpine plant cultivated for its dark glossy green leaves in basal rosettes and showy solitary bell-shaped blue flowers
bottle gentian, Gentiana andrewsii, blind gentian, closed gentian - gentian of eastern North America having tubular blue or white flowers that open little if at all
explorer's gentian, Gentiana calycosa - tufted sometimes sprawling perennial with blue flowers spotted with green; western North America
blind gentian, closed gentian, Gentiana clausa - similar to Gentiana andrewsii but with larger flowers
Gentiana lutea, great yellow gentian - robust European perennial having clusters of yellow flowers
calathian violet, Gentiana pneumonanthe, marsh gentian - perennial Eurasian gentian with sky-blue funnel-shaped flowers of damp open heaths
Gentiana saponaria, soapwort gentian - erect perennial of wet woodlands of North America having leaves and flower buds resembling those of soapwort
Gentiana villosa, striped gentian - a perennial marsh gentian of eastern North America
ague weed, agueweed, five-flowered gentian, Gentiana quinquefolia, Gentianella quinquefolia, stiff gentian - gentian of eastern North America having clusters of bristly blue flowers
felwort, gentianella amarella - gentian of Europe and China having creamy white flowers with fringed corollas
fringed gentian - any of various herbs of the genus Gentianopsis having the margins of the corolla lobes fringed; sometimes included in genus Gentiana
spurred gentian - any of various plants of the genus Halenia having flowers with spurred lobes
Translations

gentian

[ˈdʒenʃɪən]
A. Ngenciana f
B. CPD gentian violet Nvioleta f de genciana

gentian

[ˈdʒɛnʃən] ngentiane f

gentian

nEnzian m
References in classic literature ?
There was the spot where the Indian pipes grew; the particular bit of marshy ground where the fringed gentians used to be largest and bluest; the rock maple where she found the oriole's nest; the hedge where the field mice lived; the moss-covered stump where the white toadstools were wont to spring up as if by magic; the hole at the root of the old pine where an ancient and honorable toad made his home; these were the landmarks of her childhood, and she looked at them as across an immeasurable distance.
For instance, it was the end of August at the level of the sea; in the Kandersteg valley at the base of the pass, we found flowers which would not be due at the sea-level for two or three weeks; higher up, we entered October, and gathered fringed gentians.
He had wandered by blue lakes and thought them; he had lain on mountain-sides with sheets of deep blue gentians blooming all about him and flower breaths filling all the air and he had thought them.
She did not understand why he stepped out from the window to the veranda and smiled under his mustache and winked so joyfully, when warm steady rain began to fall on the dry and thirsty shoots of the young oats, or why when the wind carried away a threatening cloud during the hay harvest he would return from the barn, flushed, sunburned, and perspiring, with a smell of wormwood and gentian in his hair and, gleefully rubbing his hands, would say: "Well, one more day and my grain and the peasants' will all be under cover.
To what amazing infusions of gentian, peppermint, gilliflower, sage, parsley, thyme, rue, rosemary, and dandelion, did his courageous stomach submit itself
Gibberellins soaking can significantly improve the germination energy and germination rate of large-leaved gentians.
Rustic voices of a young man and woman below the olives --I went to the grape vineyard yesterday --And yet with a scarab beetle that sits on my hair --And with climbing gentians that get caught on my neck --I'm through with that --And on top of that you're going to say the grapes are sour --Though that is not the case --The season is still early, but there were already many insects stuck on them The man a yellow hat woven with straw, The woman a red pantalon, Above them the sun was spinning around slightly with flare.
The day before they were due to return heEUROd walked Annik up to the plateau to show her where the gentians and mountain violets grew.
Flowers on a wall A dry stone wall makes the perfect home for maidenhair ferns, alpines, creeping perennials such as aubrietia and both spring-flowering and autumn-flowering gentians.
Lack of grazing at the site, and the growth of birch, rowan and non-native pine trees from the nearby plantation were all leading to the heathland's decline, dramatically reducing the numbers of marsh gentians," he added.
Some top plants for alpine-style containers include: Semper vivums or houseleeks, Draba aizoides, Saxifraga cotyledon, Rhodohypoxis baurii, miniature dianthus and oxalis, Phlox douglasii, gentians, Primula farinosa, small forms of Androsace and Thymus.
Plant new ones and carefully dig up and split those, like campanulas and gentians, that have spread too much.