# geometry

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Related to geometries: Euclid's axioms

## ge·om·e·try

(jē-ŏm′ĭ-trē)*n.*

*pl.*

**ge·om·e·tries**

**1.**

**a.**The mathematics of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids.

**b.**A system of geometry: Euclidean geometry.

**c.**A geometry restricted to a class of problems or objects: solid geometry.

**d.**A book on geometry.

**2.**

**a.**Configuration; arrangement.

**b.**A surface shape.

**3.**A physical arrangement suggesting geometric forms or lines.

[Middle English geometrie, from Old French, from Latin geōmetria, from Greek geōmetriā, from geōmetrein,

*to measure land*: geō-,*geo-*+ metron,*measure*; see mē- in Indo-European roots.]**ge·om′e·tri′cian**(jē-ŏm′ĭ-trĭsh′ən, jē′ə-mĭ-),

**ge·om′e·ter**

*n.*

## geometry

(dʒɪˈɒmɪtrɪ)*n*

**1.**(Mathematics) the branch of mathematics concerned with the properties, relationships, and measurement of points, lines, curves, and surfaces. See also analytical geometry, non-Euclidean geometry

**2.**(Mathematics)

**a.**any branch of geometry using a particular notation or set of assumptions: analytical geometry.

**b.**any branch of geometry referring to a particular set of objects: solid geometry.

**3.**a shape, configuration, or arrangement

**4.**(Art Terms)

*arts*the shape of a solid or a surface

[C14: from Latin

*geōmetria,*from Greek, from*geōmetrein*to measure the land]## ge•om•e•try

(dʒiˈɒm ɪ tri)*n.*

**1.**the branch of mathematics that deals with the deduction of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, and figures in space.

**2.**any specific system of this that operates in accordance with a specific set of assumptions: Euclidean geometry.

**3.**a book on geometry, esp. a textbook.

**4.**the shape or form of a surface or solid.

**5.**a design or arrangement of objects in simple rectilinear or curvilinear form.

[1300–50; Middle English < Latin

*geōmetria*< Greek*geōmetría.*See**geo-, -metry**]## ge·om·e·try

(jē-ŏm′ĭ-trē) The mathematical study of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, planes, surfaces, angles, and solids.

**geometry**

the branch of mathematics that treats the measurement, relationship, and properties of points, lines, angles, and flgures in space.

See also: Mathematics**— geometer, geometrician**,*n.***— geometric, geometrical**,*adj.*ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms

**Legend:**Switch to new thesaurus

Noun | 1. | geometry - the pure mathematics of points and lines and curves and surfacessuperposition - (geometry) the placement of one object ideally in the position of another one in order to show that the two coincide duality - (geometry) the interchangeability of the roles of points and planes in the theorems of projective geometry math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement pure mathematics - the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness affine geometry - the geometry of affine transformations elementary geometry, Euclidean geometry, parabolic geometry - (mathematics) geometry based on Euclid's axioms fractal geometry - (mathematics) the geometry of fractals; "Benoit Mandelbrot pioneered fractal geometry" non-Euclidean geometry - (mathematics) geometry based on axioms different from Euclid's; "non-Euclidean geometries discard or replace one or more of the Euclidean axioms" spherical geometry - (mathematics) the geometry of figures on the surface of a sphere analytic geometry, analytical geometry, coordinate geometry - the use of algebra to study geometric properties; operates on symbols defined in a coordinate system plane geometry - the geometry of 2-dimensional figures solid geometry - the geometry of 3-dimensional space descriptive geometry, projective geometry - the geometry of properties that remain invariant under projection plane section, section - (geometry) the area created by a plane cutting through a solid pencil - a figure formed by a set of straight lines or light rays meeting at a point conic, conic section - (geometry) a curve generated by the intersection of a plane and a circular cone eccentricity - (geometry) a ratio describing the shape of a conic section; the ratio of the distance between the foci to the length of the major axis; "a circle is an ellipse with zero eccentricity" foursquare, square - (geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles; a four-sided regular polygon; "you can compute the area of a square if you know the length of its sides" angle of inclination, inclination - (geometry) the angle formed by the x-axis and a given line (measured counterclockwise from the positive half of the x-axis) diagonal - (geometry) a straight line connecting any two vertices of a polygon that are not adjacent translate - change the position of (figures or bodies) in space without rotation construct - draw with suitable instruments and under specified conditions; "construct an equilateral triangle" inscribe - draw within a figure so as to touch in as many places as possible circumscribe - to draw a geometric figure around another figure so that the two are in contact but do not intersect truncate - replace a corner by a plane congruent - coinciding when superimposed incongruent - not congruent |

Translations

**هندسَه**

**geometrie**

**geometri**

**geomeetria**

**geometria**

**גאומטריה**

**रेखा गणित**

**geometrija**

**mértan**

**geometria**

**rúmfræîi**

**幾何学**

**기하학**

**geometrija**

**geometrinis**

**geometriškai**

**ģeometrija**

**geometria**

**geometrija**

**geometri**

## geometry

## geometry

(dʒiˈomətri)*noun*

a branch of mathematics dealing with the study of lines, angles

*etc*. He is studying geometry.**geometric(al)**(dʒiəˈmetrik(əl))

*adjective*

made up of lines, circles

*etc*and with a regular shape. a geometrical design on wallpaper.**ˌgeoˈmetrically**

*adverb*

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