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Related to geostrophic: Geostrophic flow, Geostrophic wind


Of or relating to the pseudo force caused by the earth's rotation.

[geo- + Greek strophē, a turning; see strophe + -ic.]

ge′o·stroph′i·cal·ly adv.


(Physical Geography) of, relating to, or caused by the force produced by the rotation of the earth: geostrophic wind.


(ˌdʒi əˈstrɒf ɪk, -ˈstroʊ fɪk)

of or pertaining to the balance between the Coriolis force and the horizontal pressure force in the atmosphere.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Standard simplified models often discard waves, Radiation, Or both, With dramatic consequences for the energy budget of natural flows: Geostrophic models neglect waves, And rayleigh-bnard thermal convection considers heat diffusively injected through a solid boundary, In strong contrast with radiative heating.
2006) Super-deep CTD measurements in the Izu-Ogasawara Trench and a comparison of geostrophic shears with direct measurements.
They proposed a two-step character of frontogenesis where, first, geostrophic deformation increases the temperature gradients in the growing baroclinic wave and, second, the ageostrophic frontal circulation strongly amplifies this gradient (Hoskins and Bretherton 1972).
On the statistical relationship between the geostrophic wind and sea level variations in the Baltic Sea.
Seasonal evolution of the geostrophic circulation in the northern Gulf of California.
The pressure gradient force and Coriolis force soon find a balance with each other that we call geostrophic balance.
Guo, Gao, and Pu present some fundamentals of stochastic partialdifferential equations and introduce recent results concerning severalimportant examples, such as the Ginzburg-Landau equation, Ostrovskyequation, geostrophic equations, and primitive equations inclimate.
Previous studies have shown that winds are an important driving factor in the creation of pressured ice and ridges, and geostrophic winds can explain most sea ice motion on short time scales (Thorndike and Colony, 1982; Kubat et al.
Daily SSHA and geostrophic velocities (u, v) from the Topex/Poseidon and ERS-1/2 altimeters were produced and distributed by Archiving Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic Data (AVISO; website) at a spatial resolution of 0.
In particular, the abrupt change in the air flow, evaluated from geostrophic wind fields (Soomere and Raamet, 2014), signals a major change in the air pressure and upper-level wind system over the southern Baltic Sea in 1988.
The wave model was forced with wind data corresponding to an elevation of 10 m above the sea surface, constructed from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) geostrophic wind database.
These gyres are formed by surface currents that are primarily a combination of Ekman currents driven by local wind and geostrophic currents maintained by the balance between sea level gradients and the Coriolis force.