Reflecting on the history of decline in breast feeding, he said that industrialization in the western world, germ theory
and promotion of the formula milk since 1915 has been playing central role in the decline of breast feeding.
Dr Snow's work gave birth to germ theory
and epidemiology - the study of diseases in populations, their incidence, distribution, control and other health determinants in populations.
This recognition would not have been possible without one of the greatest accomplishments of the 19th century: the germ theory
of disease transmission.
We have germ theory
and public health and antibiotic pharmaceuticals at our disposal.
To effectively mitigate our modern social ills, we need to craft a social therapeutic response that is as effective as germ theory
has been in addressing biological ones.
She describes physicians who diagnosed health threats in urban environments like New Orleans, Rhode Island, and New York and used smell as a universal sense to build political reform campaigns; practices individuals used for navigating smells in cities; how women dealt with foul odors in homes; places disrupted by the Civil War and how they and widespread disease and death reinforced the idea that bad smells were dangerous; how health boards changed smells in cities, particularly in Chicago and New York City; germ theory
, the use of disinfectants, and fresh air; courtrooms created by health boards; and the social and cultural importance of stench after germ theory
changed the reaction to odors and people no longer believed they inhaled disease.
The germ theory
, for example, was originally proposed in 1546.
Louis Pasteur, the father of microbiology and the germ theory
of disease reportedly skewed some of the results of his exhaustive research endeavors to fit the narrative he was proclaiming.
Christian W McMillen pays special attention to the rise of public health and medical research in the wake of pandemics, especially as the germ theory
of disease emerged in the late nineteenth century.
She added: From the earliest descriptive maps and water-driven machines to the ancestor of modern clocks and cranes, from lighthouses and theatres to precursors of germ theory
and plumbing, from Archimedes mechanical odometers to the very first robot invented by mathematician and scientist Archytas, many aspects of our modern lives can be traced to developments in ancient Greece.
In the same way that antimicrobial agents are the corollary and companion of germ theory
, there's every reason to believe that AI is what will enable us to apply our knowledge of "omics" (genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, etc) to human health.
He furthers our understanding of the rise of pattern differentiation and disease determination before 1949 through his analysis of how infectious diseases and germ theory
impacted Chinese medicine, and how reformers avoided the weak ontological conception of diseases in Chinese medicine.