In Vedic, -ya- is furthermore highly productive as a gerundive
suffix, but formations to morphologically characterized verbal stems are rare (AiG II,2: 794f.
In speaking of alcohol, Santideva uses the gerundive
form deya (SS 271), and the gerundive
in -ya does not have the imperative force of the gerundive
in -tavya (Coulson 188-9); therefore, he is saying only that alcohol may be given, not necessarily that it always should be.
Donno Gianni's incantation is constructed from a similar coupling of a repeated phrase (based on a gerundive
form of the verb "toccare") with the identification of a body part: "bella testa; belli crini; belle gambe," etc.
He covers building morphosyntactic structure, Malagasy morphosyntax, gerundive
and referential nominals, participant nominals, clausal nominals, and participant nominals and relative clauses.
ending of the word, the -ing, gives it its structural dynamism.
In many cases, Italian uses the gerundive
form in English (i.
This difference between the "representative" and the "objective" in their literal meaning is evidenced by a difference in the modality of his statement about reality: the claim of objectivity only constructs an object that can be contrasted to something relative to a subject (the object is subject, gerundive
, to a subject); whereas the term representative refers to a metalevel of an object, a conscious differentiation between the object an sich (which is not accessible to our empiricism), and its concrete apparition as a trace that represents something before it was destroyed by our rational observation.
Whereas one thinks of a snapshot in the aorist tense, the individual snapshots that Sartre has gathered together provide instead a gerundive
sense of the ancient world, illustrating the unity of the Greek world through its diversity and through time.
Creation, for Swedenborgians, was "a purely gerundive
matter--God's perpetual act," with God holding "the work to man, at every stage.
This lyric will be consequential, opening with a grand gerundive
phrase and claiming a capaciously exemplary being, the being of these days, along with a Blakean poetic authority--for these are poetical feet as well as the measured tramp of patriarchal possession.
All or most of the outer languages have (in the transitional zone the evidence is ambiguous) the following features which are missing with the inner languages (only the most relevant are quoted here): past forms in -l-; gerundive
, nominal and future forms based on OIA -(i)tavva-; particular behaviours of the OIA vowels r, i and u; lexical evidence.
Stupendous" originates from the Latin stupendus "that is to be wondered at," which is a gerundive
form of stupere "to be struck senseless, be amazed at" (OED).