gesso

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ges·so

 (jĕs′ō)
n. pl. ges·soes
1. A preparation of plaster of Paris and glue used as a base for low relief or as a surface for painting.
2. A surface of gesso.

[Italian, from Latin gypsum, gypsum; see gypsum.]

ges′soed adj.

gesso

(ˈdʒɛsəʊ)
n
1. (Art Terms) a white ground of plaster and size, used esp in the Middle Ages and Renaissance to prepare panels or canvas for painting or gilding
2. (Art Terms) any white substance, esp plaster of Paris, that forms a ground when mixed with water
[C16: from Italian: chalk, gypsum]

ges•so

(ˈdʒɛs oʊ)

n., pl. -soes.
gypsum or plaster of Paris prepared with glue for use as a surface for painting.
[1590–1600; < Italian < Latin gypsum gypsum]
ges′soed, adj.

gesso

A mixture of plaster of Paris or gypsum and glue, used as a base for bas relief or to prepare a painting surface.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gesso - gypsum or plaster of Paris spread on a surface to make it suitable for painting or gilding (or a surface so prepared)
gypsum - a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
plaster of Paris, plaster - any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs
References in periodicals archive ?
Each student had previously gessoed a 5" x 5" piece of Masonite (hardboard) and hot-glued a paper clip to the back, to serve as a hanger.
The paintings were all begun with a black gessoed canvas into which Coe introduced color after working first in dark grays.
The screenprinted and gessoed varnished panels of R.
Hoffman-Kowal has arranged five rectangles within a format of three squares, including the border of white gessoed paper that is the foundation of this work.
Jacob Lawrence, The Wedding, 1948 Tempera on gessoed panel, 20 x 24" (51 x 61 cm).
Choosing an unusual and challenging technique--working in pencil direct onto small gessoed panels measuring just 9 x 8 inches--he does no preparatory drawings and yet creates perfect compositions of a fine draughtsmanship rarely seen today.
Among the toys is a gessoed and painted wood horse and cart, with metal milk cans, dating from around 1920, on an estimate of between pounds 500 and pounds 600.
According to Cennini's instructions, the painter begins by composing his image on the smooth surface of his gessoed panel, using charcoal tied to a long stick.
So, when a young African American of the 1940s and '50s, being educated in the Eurocentric tradition, found himself interested in fine, color, composition, texture, light, and the allure of gessoed canvas and creamy paper, sable brushes and viscid paints, he had few directions in which to grow other than along the trellis of Western art.
The old rocker shown at left was stripped, gessoed, then painted--all for a fraction of the cost of replacing it.
To transfer their sketches to the bags, students used pencils to cover the backs of them with graphite, then placed them over the gessoed area with a small piece of tape.
Grand, visionary landscapes unfold across the seventeen oil paintings from 2012 in Darren Waterston's exhibition at DC Moore, all of which appear on gessoed wood panels (with the exception of Edifice, which is on canvas) and vary in size from large to small.