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a. A small cucumber, especially one used for pickling.
b. A pickle made from such a fruit.
a. A vine (Cucumis anguria) native to Africa and widely cultivated especially in the West Indies, having prickly fruit often harvested when immature for pickling.
b. The fruit of this plant.
[Ultimately (via early Modern Dutch gurkijn (Modern Dutch gurkje), diminutive of Dutch gurk, gherkin, aphetic variant of agurk, or possibly via Dutch agurken, plural of agurk, taken in English as a singular a gurken) from Dutch agurk, variant of augurk, ultimately from a Slavic source such as Polish ogórek, partial translation (with diminutive suffix -ek) of Byzantine Greek angourion, watermelon, gherkin, from diminutive of Late Greek angouros, a single grape, bunch of grapes, probably originally meaning "small, unripe fruit," from expressive alteration of Greek aōros, out of season, unripe : a-, not; see a-1 + hōra, season, time; see yēr- in Indo-European roots.]
1. (Cookery) the immature fruit of any of various cucumbers, used for pickling
a. a tropical American cucurbitaceous climbing plant, Cucumis anguria
b. the small edible fruit of this plant
[C17: from early modern Dutch agurkkijn, diminutive of gurk, from Slavonic, ultimately from Greek angourion]
(Named Buildings) the Gherkin an informal name for Swiss Re Tower
1. the small immature fruit of a variety of cucumber, used in pickling.
a. the small spiny fruit of a tropical vine, Cucumis anguria, of the gourd family, used in pickling.
b. the plant yielding this fruit.
3. a small pickle, esp. one made from this fruit.
[1655–65; < Dutch gurken, pl. of gurk (German Gurke) < Slavic; compare Polish ogórek, Czech okurka « Persian]
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|Noun||1.||gherkin - any of various small cucumbers pickled whole|
pickle - vegetables (especially cucumbers) preserved in brine or vinegar
|2.||gherkin - small prickly cucumber|