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A guitar of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.
[Middle English giterne, from Old French guiterne, from Latin cithara; see cithara.]
(Classical Music) music an obsolete medieval stringed instrument resembling the guitar. Compare cittern
[C14: from Old French guiterne, ultimately from Old Spanish guitarra guitar; see cittern]
an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.