tomentosa, based on the absence of scales on the rachises and costae, and the glabrescent
adaxial surfaces of the ultimate segments.
Leaves 12 to 14 in number, suberect-recurved, forming a broadly crateriform rosette; sheaths broadly elliptic, 19-25 x 17-20 cm, subdensely pale-brown lepidote on both sides, greenish or sometimes reddish near the apex; blades linear, not narrowed toward the base, 30-44 x 11-14 cm, glabrescent
abaxially, inconspicuously and sparsely white lepidote adaxially, rose-red throughout, more so adaxially or green toward the base and reddish near the apex, bearing dark green, sparsely arranged irregular spots, apex broadly acute to rounded and apiculate, apiculous ca.
Leaves rosulate; sessile to pseudopetiolate; blades entire to lyrate, lanceolate, elliptical, obovate to spathulate, pinnately veined, margin entire to runcinate, glabrous to glabrescent
above, densely pubescent beneath.
8 mm wide, chartaceous to coriaceous, elliptic, apices rounded, margins recurved when dry, veins barely visible, terminating in hydathodes close to the margins; laminar scales similar to those of the stipes, densely covering both surfaces when young, then glabrescent
on the adaxial surface.
7-5 cm, inconspicuously and sparsely white-lepidote near the apex to glabrescent
, green, lustrous mainly abaxially, apex acuminate and apiculate, margins densely and coarsely spinose at the base with spines 2-5 x 1.
Leaves alternate; subsessile; blades elliptic to ovate, threeveined, margin entire to minutely dentate, glabrescent
to glabrous above, floccose to dense-arachnoid beneath.
20 in number, subcoriacous, suberect-arcuate, forming a broad funnilform rosette; sheaths broadly elliptic, 13-14 x 10-11 cm, greenish toward the apex, subdensely brown lepidote on both sides, strongly nerved with conspicuously castaneous nerves, coarsely spinose at extreme apex; blades sublinear-lanceolate, narrowed toward the base, 25-60 x 5-6 cm, sparsely and inconspicuously white-lepidote to glabrescent
, green to reddish at apex and along the apical margins, with sparse and irregular darker green spots, apex acute and distinctly apiculate, apiculus 3-4 mm long, rigid, margins densely to subdensely spinose, spines subspreading, triangular, castaneous toward the apex, the basal ones ca.
Laminae 2-pinnate-pinnatisect at base, 2-pinnate-pinnatifid medially; petioles and rachises glabrescent
Leaves alternate; sessile; blades linear to linear-lanceolate, pinnately veined, margin sinuate to dentate, revolute, glabrescent
glabrous or glabrescent
adaxially), trichomes with suberect blades (vs.
Leaves alternate; petiolate; blades obovate, cuneate, entire, glabrescent
to tomentose beneath.
5-3 cm, inconspicuously and sparsely white-lepidote on both sides to glabrescent
, green, bearing inconspicuous, darker green, irregular transverse lines visible by transmitted light, sometimes ornamented by slightly darker green, irregular apex acuminate and finely apiculate, slightly recurved, margins laxly to subdensely spinose toward the base, spines less than 0.