Leaves alternate, often clustered at the stem apex; petiolate; blades narrowly spathulate, oblanceolate to obovate, coriaceous, pinnately veined, margins entire, thickened, revolute, glabrous
, if pubescent, then generally rapidly glabrate.
with highly superficial microreticulation, much finer than pronotal microreticulation, consisting of dense transverse meshes.
0 mm long, 4-6-celled, antrorsely strigose, scales like those on the abaxial surfaces; basal basiscopic pinnules of medial pinnae not enlarged or overlapping the lamina rachis; costules abaxially eglandular, glabrous
or pubescent, sparsely scaly, hairs (when present) ca.
Anal shield: Glabrous
, top well rounded, lower margin slightly tapering downwards posteriorly (Figs 14A, B).
Culture of aspirated fluid in Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) showed flat, glabrous
, moist, radially folded colonies with diffusible red pigment after 4 days of incubation at 25[degrees]C.
Non Blume), family Gentianaceae is a glabrous
or procumbent perennial herb found throughout India, especially in coastal regions.
Mechanical nociceptive thresholds were determined by assessing paw withdrawal to application of a series of calibrated von Frey filaments to the glabrous
surface of the hindpaws.
Sepals are four, free, concave, glabrous
and elliptic and petals are four, glabrous
, reflexed and white in color.
Leaves usually rosulate or clustered at the median part of the stem; sessile to distinctly petiolate with petioles winged to wingless; blades linear, elliptic, obovate, deltoid to subrounded, palmately, pinnately, three- to five-veined, margin entire to partite, glabrous
to pubescent on both surfaces or only beneath.
5 mm, linear, ascending, castaneous, slightly lustrous, flat or twisted, not tortuous, sparsely to retrorsely denticulate, apically with spreading or retrorse teeth; leaves up to 4 m long; petiole base scales like those of the rhizomes, sometimes forming a wool-like tuft; laminae 1-3 m long, basally 3-pinnate-pinnatisect to 4-pinnate, medially 3-pinnate-pinnatisect; lamina rachises glabrous
to sparsely pubescent abaxially; basal pinnae ca.
Head narrower than pronotum, glabrous
, with punctures fine, labrum without an indistinct central tubercle (Fig.
Tibia with rows of setae on sides, otherwise glabrous
, and concentration of setae at inner distal end.