gloss


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gloss 1

 (glôs, glŏs)
n.
1. A surface shininess or luster.
2. A kind of paint that dries to a shiny finish.
3. A cosmetic that adds shine or luster, such as lip gloss.
4. A superficially or deceptively attractive appearance or good reputation: The firm lost some of its gloss when its investments performed poorly.
tr.v. glossed, gloss·ing, gloss·es
1. To give a bright sheen or luster to.
2. To apply a gloss to: glossed her lips.
Phrasal Verb:
gloss over
To make attractive or acceptable by deception or superficial treatment: a résumé that glossed over the applicant's lack of experience.

[Perhaps of Scandinavian origin; akin to Icelandic glossi, a spark; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

gloss 2

 (glôs, glŏs)
n.
1.
a. A brief explanatory note or translation of a difficult or technical expression usually inserted in the margin or between lines of a text or manuscript.
b. A collection of such notes; a glossary.
2. An extensive commentary, often accompanying a text or publication.
3. A purposefully misleading interpretation or explanation.
tr.v. glossed, gloss·ing, gloss·es
1. To provide (an expression or a text) with a gloss or glosses.
2. To give a false interpretation to.

[Middle English glose, from Old French, from Medieval Latin glōsa, from Latin glōssa, foreign word requiring explanation, from Greek, tongue, language.]

gloss′er n.

gloss

(ɡlɒs)
n
1.
a. lustre or sheen, as of a smooth surface
b. (as modifier): gloss paint.
2. a superficially attractive appearance
3. (Building) See gloss paint
4. (Clothing & Fashion) a cosmetic preparation applied to the skin to give it a faint sheen: lip gloss.
vb
to give a gloss to or obtain a gloss
[C16: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Icelandic glossi flame, Middle High German glosen to glow]
ˈglosser n
ˈglossless adj

gloss

(ɡlɒs)
n
1. (Library Science & Bibliography) a short or expanded explanation or interpretation of a word, expression, or foreign phrase in the margin or text of a manuscript, etc
2. an intentionally misleading explanation or interpretation
3. (Library Science & Bibliography) short for glossary
vb (tr)
(Library Science & Bibliography) to add glosses to
[C16: from Latin glōssa unusual word requiring explanatory note, from Ionic Greek]
ˈglosser n
ˈglossingly adv

gloss1

(glɒs, glɔs)
n.
1. a superficial luster or shine; glaze: the gloss of satin.
2. a deceptively good appearance.
3. a cosmetic that adds sheen or luster, esp. lip gloss.
v.t.
4. to put a gloss upon.
5. gloss over, to give a deceptively good appearance to; mask: to gloss over someone's foibles.
[1530–40; probably akin to Dutch gloos glowing, Middle High German glosen to glow, shine, dial. Swedish glysa to shine]
syn: See polish.

gloss2

(glɒs, glɔs)
n.
1. an explanation or translation, by means of a marginal or interlinear note.
2. a glossary.
3. an artfully misleading interpretation.
v.t.
4. to insert glosses on; annotate.
5. to give a misleading interpretation of; explain away (often fol. by over or away): to gloss over a difficult text.
[1250–1300; (n.) Middle English glose (< Old French) < Medieval Latin glōsa, glōza < Greek glôssa word requiring explanation, literally, language, tongue; (v.) Middle English glosen < Medieval Latin glōssāre, derivative of glōsa]

gloss.

glossary.

gloss


Past participle: glossed
Gerund: glossing

Imperative
gloss
gloss
Present
I gloss
you gloss
he/she/it glosses
we gloss
you gloss
they gloss
Preterite
I glossed
you glossed
he/she/it glossed
we glossed
you glossed
they glossed
Present Continuous
I am glossing
you are glossing
he/she/it is glossing
we are glossing
you are glossing
they are glossing
Present Perfect
I have glossed
you have glossed
he/she/it has glossed
we have glossed
you have glossed
they have glossed
Past Continuous
I was glossing
you were glossing
he/she/it was glossing
we were glossing
you were glossing
they were glossing
Past Perfect
I had glossed
you had glossed
he/she/it had glossed
we had glossed
you had glossed
they had glossed
Future
I will gloss
you will gloss
he/she/it will gloss
we will gloss
you will gloss
they will gloss
Future Perfect
I will have glossed
you will have glossed
he/she/it will have glossed
we will have glossed
you will have glossed
they will have glossed
Future Continuous
I will be glossing
you will be glossing
he/she/it will be glossing
we will be glossing
you will be glossing
they will be glossing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been glossing
you have been glossing
he/she/it has been glossing
we have been glossing
you have been glossing
they have been glossing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been glossing
you will have been glossing
he/she/it will have been glossing
we will have been glossing
you will have been glossing
they will have been glossing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been glossing
you had been glossing
he/she/it had been glossing
we had been glossing
you had been glossing
they had been glossing
Conditional
I would gloss
you would gloss
he/she/it would gloss
we would gloss
you would gloss
they would gloss
Past Conditional
I would have glossed
you would have glossed
he/she/it would have glossed
we would have glossed
you would have glossed
they would have glossed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gloss - an explanation or definition of an obscure word in a textgloss - an explanation or definition of an obscure word in a text
explanation, account - a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.; "the explanation was very simple"; "I expected a brief account"
2.gloss - an alphabetical list of technical terms in some specialized field of knowledge; usually published as an appendix to a text on that field
wordbook - a reference book containing words (usually with their meanings)
3.gloss - the property of being smooth and shinygloss - the property of being smooth and shiny
smoothness - a texture without roughness; smooth to the touch; "admiring the slim smoothness of her thighs"; "some artists prefer the smoothness of a board"
radiancy, refulgence, refulgency, shine, effulgence, radiance - the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
French polish - the glaze produced by repeated applications of French polish shellac
glaze - a glossy finish on a fabric
4.gloss - an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading; "he hoped his claims would have a semblance of authenticity"; "he tried to give his falsehood the gloss of moral sanction"; "the situation soon took on a different color"
appearance, visual aspect - outward or visible aspect of a person or thing
color of law, colour of law - a mere semblance of legal right; something done with the apparent authority of law but actually in contravention of law; "the plaintiff claimed that under color of law the officer had deprived him of his civil rights"
simulacrum - an insubstantial or vague semblance
face value - the apparent worth as opposed to the real worth
guise, pretence, pretext, pretense - an artful or simulated semblance; "under the guise of friendship he betrayed them"
camouflage, disguise - an outward semblance that misrepresents the true nature of something; "the theatrical notion of disguise is always associated with catastrophe in his stories"
verisimilitude - the appearance of truth; the quality of seeming to be true
Verb1.gloss - give a shine or gloss to, usually by rubbing
polish, smooth, smoothen, shine - make (a surface) shine; "shine the silver, please"; "polish my shoes"
hush up, sleek over, whitewash, gloss over - cover up a misdemeanor, fault, or error; "Let's not whitewash the crimes of Stalin"; "She tried to gloss over her mistakes"
gloss over, skate over, skimp over, slur over, smooth over - treat hurriedly or avoid dealing with properly
2.gloss - provide interlinear explanations for words or phrasesgloss - provide interlinear explanations for words or phrases; "He annotated on what his teacher had written"
rede, interpret - give an interpretation or explanation to
3.gloss - provide an interlinear translation of a word or phrase
translate, interpret, render - restate (words) from one language into another language; "I have to translate when my in-laws from Austria visit the U.S."; "Can you interpret the speech of the visiting dignitaries?"; "She rendered the French poem into English"; "He translates for the U.N."
4.gloss - give a deceptive explanation or excuse for; "color a lie"
apologise, rationalize, apologize, rationalise, justify, excuse - defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning; "rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"; "he rationalized his lack of success"

gloss

1
noun
1. shine, gleam, sheen, polish, brilliance, varnish, brightness, veneer, lustre, burnish, patina The rain produced a black gloss on the asphalt.
2. façade, show, front, surface, appearance, mask, semblance He tried to put a gloss of respectability on the horrors the regime perpetrated.
gloss over something conceal, hide, mask, disguise, cover up, veil, camouflage, whitewash (informal), smooth over, sweep under the carpet (informal), airbrush Some governments are happy to gloss over continued human rights abuses.

gloss

2
noun
1. interpretation, comment, note, explanation, commentary, translation, footnote, elucidation A gloss in the margin explains this unfamiliar word.
verb
1. interpret, explain, comment, translate, construe, annotate, elucidate Earlier editors glossed 'drynke' as 'love-potion'.

gloss

noun
1. A radiant brightness or glow, usually due to light reflected from a smooth surface:
verb
1. To give a gleaming luster to, usually through friction:
2. To give a deceptively attractive appearance to.Also used with over:
Idioms: paper over, put a good face on.
phrasal verb
gloss over
To conceal or make light of a fault or offense:
Translations
بَريق، لَمَعانيُرَتِّب الكَلِمات في مَسْرَد
lesklesklýopatřit poznámkamipozlátkodělat si slovníček
emaljelakglansskin
kiillottaakiiltopintakiiltosanastoselittää
felületi fénymagyarázó jegyzetekkel ellát
gljái
blizgantisblizgėjimasblizgesyssudaryti žodynėlįužglaistyti
izveidot glosarijuspīdošsspīdums
glosovaťrobiť si slovníček
kelime listesi çıkarmakparlaklık

gloss

1 [glɒs]
A. N (= note) → glosa f
B. VTglosar, comentar
gloss over VI + PREP
1. (= excuse) → disculpar
2. (= play down) → paliar, restar importancia a
3. (= cover up) [+ mistake etc] → encubrir

gloss

2 [glɒs]
A. N
1. (= shine) → brillo m, lustre m
2. (also gloss paint) → pintura f de esmalte
B. VTlustrar, pulir
C. CPD gloss finish N (= paint) → acabado m brillante; (on photo) → brillo m satinado
gloss paper Npapel m satinado

gloss

[ˈglɒs] n
(= shine) → brillant m, lustre m
(also gloss paint) → peinture f brillante, peinture f laquée
gloss over
vt fus (= ignore) [+ problems] → glisser sur

gloss (paint)

nGlanzlack (→ farbe f) m; high glossHochglanzlackfarbe f

gloss

1
n (= shine, lip gloss)Glanz m; (fig, of respectability etc) → Schein m; to take the gloss off something (lit)etw stumpf werden lassen; (fig)einer Sache (dat)den Glanz nehmen; to lose its gloss (lit, fig)seinen Glanz verlieren; gloss finish (Phot: on paper) → Glanz (→ beschichtung f) m; (of paint)Lackanstrich m; the photos had a gloss finishes waren Glanzabzüge ? also gloss (paint)

gloss

2
n (= explanation)Erläuterung f; (= note also)Anmerkung f, → Glosse f (geh); to put a gloss on somethingetw interpretieren
vterläutern

gloss

[glɒs] n
a. (explanation) → glossa, nota esplicativa
b. (shine) → lucentezza, lustro (also gloss paint) → vernice f lucida
gloss over vt + adv (play down) → sorvolare su; (hide) → coprire, mascherare

gloss

(glos) noun
brightness or shininess on the surface. Her hair has a lovely gloss; (also adjective) gloss paint.
verb
to make a glossary. The student glossed the difficult terms in order to understand the article.
ˈglossary (-səri) plural ˈglossaries noun
a list of words etc with their meanings. a glossary of technical terms; a Shakespeare glossary.
ˈglossy adjective
smooth and shining. The dog has a glossy coat.
ˈglossiness noun
gloss over
to try to hide (a mistake etc). He glossed over the fact that he had forgotten the previous appointment by talking about his accident.
References in classic literature ?
Laurie did not read all this while he watched her feed the peacocks, but he saw enough to satisfy and interest him, and carried away a pretty little picture of a bright-faced girl standing in the sunshine, which brought out the soft hue of her dress, the fresh color of her cheeks, the golden gloss of her hair, and made her a prominent figure in the pleasant scene.
The effervescence of youth and passion, and the fresh gloss of the intellect and imagination, endow them with a false brilliancy, which makes fools of themselves and other people.
It was exactly as if they had both had at heart to gloss over any recent little friction.
The line originally used in the fishery was of the best hemp, slightly vapored with tar, not impregnated with it, as in the case of ordinary ropes; for while tar, as ordinarily used, makes the hemp more pliable to the rope-maker, and also renders the rope itself more convenient to the sailor for common ship use; yet, not only would the ordinary quantity too much stiffen the whale-line for the close coiling to which it must be subjected; but as most seamen are beginning to learn, tar in general by no means adds to the rope's durability or strength, however much it may give it compactness and gloss.
My seat, to which Bessie and the bitter Miss Abbot had left me riveted, was a low ottoman near the marble chimney-piece; the bed rose before me; to my right hand there was the high, dark wardrobe, with subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels; to my left were the muffled windows; a great looking-glass between them repeated the vacant majesty of the bed and room.
Whatever gloss the various spectators put upon the interest, according to their several arts and powers of self-deceit, the interest was, at the root of it, Ogreish.
Trabb, taking down a roll of cloth, and tiding it out in a flowing manner over the counter, preparatory to getting his hand under it to show the gloss, "is a very sweet article.
So down they sat, And to thir viands fell, nor seemingly The Angel, nor in mist, the common gloss Of Theologians, but with keen dispatch Of real hunger, and concoctive heate To transubstantiate; what redounds, transpires Through Spirits with ease; nor wonder; if by fire Of sooty coal the Empiric Alchimist Can turn, or holds it possible to turn Metals of drossiest Ore to perfet Gold As from the Mine.
Be clean, for the strength of the hunter is known by the gloss of his hide.
He spends the whole day in settling whether Homer expressed himself correctly or not in such and such a line of the Iliad, whether Martial was indecent or not in such and such an epigram, whether such and such lines of Virgil are to be understood in this way or in that; in short, all his talk is of the works of these poets, and those of Horace, Perseus, Juvenal, and Tibullus; for of the moderns in our own language he makes no great account; but with all his seeming indifference to Spanish poetry, just now his thoughts are absorbed in making a gloss on four lines that have been sent him from Salamanca, which I suspect are for some poetical tournament.
Well, let us see what is to be derived from this gloss.
Very good, father-in-law," said Cavalcanti, yielding to his low-born nature, which would escape sometimes through the aristocratic gloss with which he sought to conceal it.