glucagon


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Related to glucagon: somatostatin, glucagon test

glu·ca·gon

 (glo͞o′kə-gŏn′)
n.
A hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates an increase in blood sugar levels, thus opposing the action of insulin.

[Probably gluc(o)- + Greek agōn, present participle of agein, to lead, drive; see ag- in Indo-European roots.]

glucagon

(ˈɡluːkəˌɡɒn; -ɡən)
n
(Biochemistry) a polypeptide hormone, produced in the pancreas by the islets of Langerhans, that stimulates the release of glucose into the blood. Compare insulin
[C20: from gluc(ose) + -agon, perhaps from Greek agein to lead]

glu•ca•gon

(ˈglu kəˌgɒn)

n.
a hormone secreted by the pancreas that acts in opposition to insulin in the regulation of blood glucose levels.
[1923]

glucagon

A hormone that breaks down glycogen to glucose. It is produced by the pancreatic islets.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucagon - a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
Translations

glu·ca·gon

[MIM*138030]
n. glucagón, una de las hormonas segregadas por los Islotes de Langerhans de efecto antiinflamatorio, cuya función consiste en aumentar la concentración de glucosa en la sangre.

glucagon

n glucagón m
References in periodicals archive ?
If approved, glucagon nasal powder would be an important innovation for people with diabetes and an exciting addition to our product portfolio," said Enrique Conterno, president, Lilly Diabetes.
She said: "If someone has a severe hypo and becomes unconscious, they should be put into the recovery position and given a glucagon injection.
Patterns of plasma concentrations of insulin and glucagon after intravascular and intraruminal administration of volatile fatty acids in the goat.
Appetite was significantly reduced during the combination treatment compared to the glucagon, GLP-1 alone or saline infusions.
The researchers found that by adding small does of glucagon, a hormone released by the pancreas to raise blood sugar levels, helped overcome the problem, according to the study which was published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.
Failure of suppression of glucagon secretion from the alpha cells of the pancreas contributes to hyperglycaemia in T2DM and is aLso seen in prediabetes.
and Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) today announced that the companies have signed a development and exclusive license agreement for Marcadia's short-acting glucagon program, covering glucagon analogs that may provide greater convenience and ease-of-use than the current recombinant glucagon for the treatment of severe hypoglycemia.
Normally, glucagon is released when the glucose--or sugar--level in the blood is low.
Both Merck's MK-0893 and Eli Lilly's LY2409021 suppress glucagon action via receptor blockade.
Glucagonomas become independent secretory tumours and a lack of equilibrium can occur between insulin and glucagon production (4).
Digestion, absorption and assimilation of ingested nutrients especially carbohydrates provokes GLP-1 release, but fats and protein ingestion are excellent stimulus for GIP secretion, these two incretins suppress glucagon release and promotes insulin effects.
L-dopa, clonidine and glucagon were applied to the patients in various combinations in addition to insulin tolerance test (ITT), which was performed to all patients.