glucose


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to glucose: glucose tolerance test, Glucose intolerance, Glucose metabolism, Glucose oxidase

glu·cose

 (glo͞o′kōs′)
n.
1. A monosaccharide sugar, C6H12O6, that is used by living things to obtain energy through the process of aerobic respiration within cells. It is the principal circulating sugar in the blood of humans and other mammals.
2. A colorless to yellowish syrupy mixture of dextrose, maltose, and dextrins containing about 20 percent water, used in confectionery, alcoholic fermentation, tanning, and treating tobacco. Also called starch syrup.

[French, from Greek glukus, sweet.]

glucose

(ˈɡluːkəʊz; -kəʊs)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C6H12O6
2. (Elements & Compounds) a yellowish syrup (or, after desiccation, a solid) containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrin, obtained by incomplete hydrolysis of starch: used in confectionery, fermentation, etc
[C19: from French, from Greek gleukos sweet wine; related to Greek glukus sweet]
glucosic adj

glu•cose

(ˈglu koʊs)

n.
1. a simple sugar, C6H12O6, that is a product of photosynthesis and is the principal source of energy for all living organisms: concentrated in fruits and honey or readily obtainable from starch, other carbohydrates, or glycogen.
2. a syrup containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrine, obtained by the incomplete hydrolysis of starch.
[1830–40; < French < Greek glykýs sweet]
glu•cos′ic, adj.

glu·cose

(glo͞o′kōs′)
A crystalline sugar having the formula C6H12O6, found in plant and animal tissue and essential to the animal diet. It is transported by blood and lymph to all the cells of the body, where it is broken down to produce ATP, the main source of energy for cellular processes.

glucose

(or dextrose) A simple sugar: the form of carbohydrate absorbed from the alimentary canal, supplied by blood to the muscles and converted for storage to glycogen.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several formsglucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
aldohexose - a monosaccharide sugar having six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
corn sugar - dextrose made by hydrolysis of cornstarch
dextroglucose, dextrose, grape sugar - an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
blood glucose, blood sugar - glucose in the bloodstream
Translations
جلوكوزجلوكوز: سُكَّر عِنَب
glucosa
glukózahroznový cukr
glukosedruesukker
glukozo
glukoosi
glukoza
szõlõcukor
glúkósi
グルコースブドウ糖
글루코오스포도당
gliukozė
glikoze
glukózaglukoza
glukosblodsockerdextrosdruvsocker
กลูโคส
đường glucose

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] Nglucosa f

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊz ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucose m

glucose

nGlucose f, → Glukose f, → Traubenzucker m

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucosio

glucose

(ˈgluːkous) noun
a kind of sugar found in the juice of fruit.

glucose

جلوكوز glukóza glukose Glukose γλυκόζη glucosa glukoosi glucose glukoza glucosio グルコース 글루코오스 glucose glukose glukoza glicose глюкоза glukos กลูโคส glükoz đường glucose 葡萄糖

glu·cose

n. glucosa, dextrosa, azúcar de fruta, fuente principal de energía en organismos vivos;
blood level of ___nivel de ___ en la sangre;
___, tolerance testprueba de tolerancia a la ___.

glucose

n glucosa
References in classic literature ?
Then they took to cadging round sugar-factories and breweries, because it was easiest to get their material from those places, and the mixture of glucose and beer naturally fermented in store and blew the store-cells out of shape, besides smelling abominably.
Starch derivatives such as glucose and maltodextrin are used in various food products, such as instant desserts, processed meats, ice creams, bakery products, and sauces among others.
Glucose sets off bitter receptors in roach taste buds, causing roaches to avoid foods that bring on this taste-bud reaction.
Patients who use continuous glucose monitors need to be instructed to calibrate the devices when their glucose levels are in a steady state rather than during a period of changing glucose levels, Dr.
Improved tear fluid collection, and the ability to analyze very low volumes of tear fluid, may dramatically improve measurement of tear fluid glucose concentrations and help resolve the reported discrepancies in basal tear glucose concentrations.
Of the four good studies, only one found a benefit--lower levels of fasting blood glucose, insulin, and glycated hemoglobin--in people who were given 1,000 micrograms a day of chromium (from chromium picolinate) for four months.
A study published in the June 2005 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine found that women with gestational diabetes who received dietary advice, blood glucose monitoring and insulin therapy if needed had fewer pregnancy-related complications and a better quality of life after delivery than women with the condition who received routine obstetrical care.
2], the pancreatic [beta]-cell function, blood glucose homeostasis, and the development of diabetes.
Those that produce a considerable increase in blood glucose are high-glycemic foods.
Although the first medical target is glucose sensing, Strano says the same basic design is widely applicable for such analytical tasks as detecting genes and proteins associated with diseases.
The results of the glucose test are in the normal range and if you keep your lifestyle and fitness levels as they are now, your risk of developing diabetes is low.
A The glucose tolerance test is no longer recommended as the standard for diabetes testing.