glume


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glume

 (glo͞om)
n.
1. A bract, usually one of two, at the base of a grass spikelet.
2. A bract in a sedge spikelet, usually subtending a floret.

[Latin glūma, husk; see gleubh- in Indo-European roots.]

glu·ma′ceous (glo͞o-mā′shəs) adj.

glume

(ɡluːm)
n
1. (Botany) botany one of a pair of dry membranous bracts at the base of the spikelet of grasses
2. (Botany) the bract beneath each flower in a sedge or related plant
[C18: from Latin glūma husk of corn; related to Latin glūbere to remove the bark from]
gluˈmaceous adj
ˈglumeˌlike adj

glume

(glum)

n.
one of a pair of chafflike bracts enclosing the floral parts of a spikelet in grasses.
[1570–80; < Latin glūma husk enclosing a cereal grain, probably =glūb(ere) to strip the bark from + *-sma n. suffix]
glu•ma•ceous (gluˈmeɪ ʃəs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glume - small dry membranous bract found in inflorescences of Gramineae and Cyperaceaeglume - small dry membranous bract found in inflorescences of Gramineae and Cyperaceae
bract - a modified leaf or leaflike part just below and protecting an inflorescence
flowering glume, lemma - the lower and stouter of the two glumes immediately enclosing the floret in most Gramineae
References in periodicals archive ?
In wheat - leaf rust, stripe rust, stem rust, Septoria, glume blotch, kernel blight and powdery mildew
Most of the crop remains belong to at least two species of glume wheat: einkorn (Figure 5: A) and a second hulled wheat for which the morphology of the spikelet base (Figure 5: C) is close to that of a tetraploid species, from either emmer (T.
Head scab and glume blotch develop on the winter wheat.
There was a very high abundance of rice glume phytoliths, indicating the consumption of brown rice.
Infestation with Septoria leaf blotch and glume blotch was less severe on Grant than on Caldwell.
The suspected parent -- some extinct, pod-bearing popcorn - wrapped each seed in a chaff-like glume, the same type of wrapper that encases individual wheat seeds, Van der Merwe says.
Spots/blotches: Halo spot; Net blotch; Scald; Leaf blotch; Septoria leaf blotch; Glume blotch; Spot blotch; Tan spot
In a much-cited exception, Dorweiler and Doebley (1997) found that the teosinte glume architecture 1 (tgal) locus has multiple effects in the 'female' inflorescence of maize, including increasing the number of lignified hypodermal cells and determining which epidermal cells become silicified.
More common in the humid Southeast, leaf and glume blotch can cause a 10- to 40-percent drop in yield, says Ueng.
Comparison, by discriminant analysis, of the archaeobotanical results with datasets obtained from ethnoarchaeological work conducted in Greece, allows the identification of most of the Vaihingen samples as by-products resulting from the de-husking and fine sieving of glume wheats (mainly einkorn and emmer).
In the last branching order (spikelet), the glume phyllotaxis can be either spiral (e.