gorilla


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

go·ril·la

 (gə-rĭl′ə)
n.
1. Either of two large apes (Gorilla gorilla or G. beringei) native to the forests of equatorial Africa, having a stocky body and coarse dark brown or black hair.
2. Slang
a. A powerfully built, aggressive, and often crude man.
b. A thug.

[New Latin (Trōglodytēs) gorilla, former species name, from Greek Gorillai, a tribe of hairy women, perhaps of African origin.]
Word History: Two traditions of exploration come together in the history of the word gorilla. When Dr. Thomas S. Savage, an American missionary to western Africa, made the first scientific description of a gorilla in 1847, he gave the animal he was describing the New Latin name Troglodytes gorilla. In formulating this name, Savage was making reference to the Periplus, an ancient Greek version of a report (originally written in Punic) in which Hanno, a Carthiginian public official and navigator, describes a voyage he undertook to West Africa. Sometime after 500 bc (the date of his voyage is uncertain), Hanno sailed out of the Mediterranean through the Strait of Gibraltar and followed the coast of Africa southward at least as far as Sierra Leone—perhaps even going as far as Cameroon. In his report, Hanno tells of seeing members of a tribe of hairy women called Gorillai, the name of which he allegedly learned from local informants. In fact, the Gorillai that he saw may have been chimpanzees or perhaps even the apes that we call gorillas today, using the name that Savage bestowed on them twenty-four centuries after Hanno's voyage.

gorilla

(ɡəˈrɪlə)
n
1. (Animals) the largest anthropoid ape, Gorilla gorilla, inhabiting the forests of central W Africa. It is stocky and massive, with a short muzzle and coarse dark hair
2. informal a large, strong, and brutal-looking man
[C19: New Latin, from Greek Gorillai, an African tribe renowned for their hirsute appearance]
goˈrilla-ˌlike adj
goˈrillian, gorilline adj
goˈrilloid adj

go•ril•la

(gəˈrɪl ə)

n., pl. -las.
1. the largest anthropoid ape, Gorilla gorilla, of equatorial Africa, vegetarian and mainly terrestrial.
2. an ugly or brutish person.
3. a hoodlum or thug.
[1790–1800; < New Latin < Greek Goríllās (acc. pl.) name for a race of hairy women in Hanno's account of his voyage along the coast of Africa (5th century B.C.)]

go·ril·la

(gə-rĭl′ə)
The largest and most powerful of the apes, found in central African forests and mountains. Gorillas have a heavy, stocky body with dark hair, dwell on the ground, and feed mainly on leaves and stems. They live in close-knit groups and have elaborate social interactions.
guerrilla, gorilla - Guerrilla is from a Spanish diminutive of guerra, "war," and refers to a soldier of an independent armed resistance force; gorilla is the ape.
See also related terms for soldier.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gorilla - largest anthropoid apegorilla - largest anthropoid ape; terrestrial and vegetarian; of forests of central west Africa
great ape, pongid - any of the large anthropoid apes of the family Pongidae
genus Gorilla - gorillas
Gorilla gorilla beringei, mountain gorilla - gorilla of Kivu highlands
silverback - an adult male gorilla with grey hairs across the back

gorilla

noun
Slang. A person who treats others violently and roughly, especially for hire:
Informal: hooligan.
Slang: goon, hood.
Translations
غُوريلاغوريلا، نوع من القِرَدَه
горила
gorila
gorilla
gorilla
gorilla
gorila
gorilla
górilla
ゴリラ
고릴라
gorila
gorilla
gorile
gorila
gorila
gorilla
ลิงกอริลล่า
khỉ đột

gorilla

[gəˈrɪlə] N
1. (Zool) → gorila m
2. (= thug) → gorila m

gorilla

[gəˈrɪlə] n (= animal) → gorille m

gorilla

nGorilla m

gorilla

[gəˈrɪlə] ngorilla m inv

gorilla

(gəˈrilə) noun
the largest type of ape. Two gorillas have escaped from the zoo.

gorilla

غُوريلا gorila gorilla Gorilla γορίλας gorila gorilla gorille gorila gorilla ゴリラ 고릴라 gorilla gorilla goryl gorila горилла gorilla ลิงกอริลล่า goril khỉ đột 大猩猩
References in classic literature ?
Tarzan was a man, and they, too, must be some manner of men, just as the little monkeys, and the great apes, and Bolgani, the gorilla, were quite evidently of one great family, though differing in size and appearance and customs.
And as Tarzan concentrated his mind on the little bugs upon the printed page before him, the active recollection of the strange adventures presently merged into the text of that which he was reading--a story of Bolgani, the gorilla, in captivity.
Their arms and legs were proportioned more in conformity with human standards, but their entire bodies were covered with shaggy, brown hair, and their faces were quite as brutal as those of the few stuffed specimens of the gorilla which I had seen in the museums at home.
But the purchaser must remove the goods from the premises forthwith, to make room for three man- eating tigers, a cat-headed gorilla, and an armful of rattlesnakes.
A burly brute with all the refined intelligence of a gorilla stamped upon his bestial face was attempting to push a smaller man to second place, but the smaller one appealed to the high priestess, who in a cold peremptory voice sent the larger to the extreme end of the line.
The Judge was a Monkey, a large Gorilla venerable with age.
Their eyes were close together and non-protruding; their ears were high set, but more laterally located than those of the Martians, while their snouts and teeth were strikingly like those of our African gorilla.
Morison Baynes, listening, felt assured that a gorilla had seized upon him.
It was what might be termed a sinewy, knotty strength, of the kind we ascribe to lean and wiry men, but which, in him, because of his heavy build, partook more of the enlarged gorilla order.
Who is that spider-legged gorilla yonder with the sanctimonious countenance?
But she was still an ape, a huge, fierce, terrible beast of a species closely allied to the gorilla, yet more intelligent; which, with the strength of their cousin, made her kind the most fearsome of those awe-inspiring progenitors of man.
Both von Schoenvorts and I noticed that at least two of the higher, manlike types took to the trees quite as nimbly as the apes, while others that more nearly approached man in carriage and appearance sought safety upon the ground with the gorillas.