gouge


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gouge
left to right: hollow, parting, and fluting gouges

gouge

 (gouj)
n.
1. A chisel with a blade that has a rounded, angled, or troughlike indentation along its length.
2.
a. A scooping or digging action, as with such a chisel.
b. A groove or hole scooped with or as if with such a chisel.
3. Informal A large amount, as of money, exacted or extorted.
tr.v. gouged, goug·ing, goug·es
1. To cut or scoop out with or as if with a gouge: "He began to gouge a small pattern in the sand with his cane" (Vladimir Nabokov).
2.
a. To force out the eye of (a person) with one's thumb.
b. To thrust one's thumb into the eye of.
3. Informal To extort from.
4. Slang To swindle.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin gubia, variant of gulbia, of Celtic origin.]

goug′er n.

gouge

(ɡaʊdʒ)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (usually foll by out) to scoop or force (something) out of its position, esp with the fingers or a pointed instrument
2. (sometimes foll by out) to cut (a hole or groove) in (something) with a sharp instrument or tool
3. informal US and Canadian to extort from
4. (Mining & Quarrying) (also intr) Austral to dig for (opal)
n
5. (Tools) a type of chisel with a blade that has a concavo-convex section
6. a mark or groove made with, or as if with, a gouge
7. (Geological Science) geology a fine deposit of rock fragments, esp clay, occurring between the walls of a fault or mineral vein
8. informal US and Canadian extortion; swindling
[C15: from French, from Late Latin gulbia a chisel, of Celtic origin]

gouge

(gaʊdʒ)

n., v. gouged, goug•ing. n.
1. a chisel having a partly cylindrical blade with the bevel on either the concave or the convex side.
2. an act of gouging.
3. a hole made by gouging.
4. an act of extortion; swindle.
5.
a. a layer of decomposed rocks or minerals found along the walls of a vein.
b. fragments of rock that have accumulated between or along the walls of a fault.
v.t.
6. to scoop out or turn with or as if with a gouge.
7. to dig or force out with or as if with a gouge (often fol. by out).
8. to make a gouge in: to gouge one's leg.
9. to extort from or overcharge.
v.i.
10. to engage in extortion or swindling.
[1300–50; < Middle French < Late Latin gu(l)bia, perhaps < Celtic; compare Old Irish gulba sting, Welsh gylf beak, Cornish gilb borer]
goug′er, n.

gouge


Past participle: gouged
Gerund: gouging

Imperative
gouge
gouge
Present
I gouge
you gouge
he/she/it gouges
we gouge
you gouge
they gouge
Preterite
I gouged
you gouged
he/she/it gouged
we gouged
you gouged
they gouged
Present Continuous
I am gouging
you are gouging
he/she/it is gouging
we are gouging
you are gouging
they are gouging
Present Perfect
I have gouged
you have gouged
he/she/it has gouged
we have gouged
you have gouged
they have gouged
Past Continuous
I was gouging
you were gouging
he/she/it was gouging
we were gouging
you were gouging
they were gouging
Past Perfect
I had gouged
you had gouged
he/she/it had gouged
we had gouged
you had gouged
they had gouged
Future
I will gouge
you will gouge
he/she/it will gouge
we will gouge
you will gouge
they will gouge
Future Perfect
I will have gouged
you will have gouged
he/she/it will have gouged
we will have gouged
you will have gouged
they will have gouged
Future Continuous
I will be gouging
you will be gouging
he/she/it will be gouging
we will be gouging
you will be gouging
they will be gouging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gouging
you have been gouging
he/she/it has been gouging
we have been gouging
you have been gouging
they have been gouging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gouging
you will have been gouging
he/she/it will have been gouging
we will have been gouging
you will have been gouging
they will have been gouging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gouging
you had been gouging
he/she/it had been gouging
we had been gouging
you had been gouging
they had been gouging
Conditional
I would gouge
you would gouge
he/she/it would gouge
we would gouge
you would gouge
they would gouge
Past Conditional
I would have gouged
you would have gouged
he/she/it would have gouged
we would have gouged
you would have gouged
they would have gouged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gouge - an impression in a surface (as made by a blow)gouge - an impression in a surface (as made by a blow)
blemish, mar, defect - a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); "a facial blemish"
dig - a small gouge (as in the cover of a book); "the book was in good condition except for a dig in the back cover"
2.gouge - and edge tool with a blade like a trough for cutting channels or grooves
edge tool - any cutting tool with a sharp cutting edge (as a chisel or knife or plane or gouge)
3.gouge - the act of gouging
creating by removal - the act of creating by removing something
Verb1.gouge - force with the thumb; "gouge out his eyes"
mar, mutilate - destroy or injure severely; "mutilated bodies"
gouge out - make gouges into a surface; "The woman's spiked heels gouged out the wooden floor"
2.gouge - obtain by coercion or intimidation; "They extorted money from the executive by threatening to reveal his past to the company boss"; "They squeezed money from the owner of the business by threatening him"
fleece, gazump, overcharge, plume, rob, soak, surcharge, hook, pluck - rip off; ask an unreasonable price
bleed - get or extort (money or other possessions) from someone; "They bled me dry--I have nothing left!"
3.gouge - make a groove in
core out, hollow out, hollow - remove the interior of; "hollow out a tree trunk"

gouge

verb
1. scoop, cut, score, dig (out), scratch, hollow (out), claw, chisel, gash, incise quarries which have gouged great holes in the hills
noun
1. gash, cut, scratch, hollow, score, scoop, notch, groove, trench, furrow, incision iron-rimmed wheels digging great gouges into the road's surface

gouge

verb
Slang. To exploit (another) by charging too much for something:
Idioms: make someone pay through the nose, take someone for a ride , take someone to the cleaners .
Translations
مِقْوَرَه، إزْميل مُقَعَّريَثْقُبيَفْقَأ العيْن
dlabatdlátovyškrabat
hulmejseludhule
kiskoakoverrin
homorú vésõkivés
gera gat eîa rauf meî holjárniholjárntaka/rífa úr
išdrėkstiišduobtiišdurtiišskobtiskaptas
grebtizdurtizsistkaltkalts
duté dlátovylúpnuť oči
delip çıkarmakdelmekoluklu keskioymak

gouge

[gaʊdʒ]
A. Ngubia f
B. VT [+ hole etc] → excavar
gouge out VT + ADV [+ hole etc] → excavar
to gouge sb's eyes outsacar los ojos a algn

gouge

[ˈgaʊdʒ] vt
[+ crater, hole] → creuser
[+ initials] → graver
(= overcharge) [+ customer] → escroquer
gouge out
vt [+ crater, hole] → évider
to gouge sb's eyes out → arracher les yeux à qn

gouge

n (= tool)Hohlmeißel or -beitel m; (= groove)Rille f, → Furche f
vtbohren; the river gouged a channel in the mountainsideder Fluss grub sich (dat)sein Bett in den Berg

gouge

[gaʊdʒ] vt (also gouge out) (hole) → scavare (also 000) (initials) → scolpire (also 000) (sb's eyes) → cavare

gouge

(gaudʒ) verb
1. to make (a groove or hole) with a tool. He gouged (out) a hole in the wood.
2. to take or force out. The tyrant gouged out the prisoner's eyes.
noun
a type of chisel for making grooves etc.
References in classic literature ?
With a grating rush, the three lines flew round the loggerheads with such a force as to gouge deep grooves in them; while so fearful were the harpooneers that this rapid sounding would soon exhaust the lines, that using all their dexterous might, they caught repeated smoking turns with the rope to hold on; till at last --owing to the perpendicular strain from the lead-lined chocks of the boats, whence the three ropes went straight down into the blue --the gunwales of the bows were almost even with the water, while the three sterns tilted high in the air.
Now, that she's dead, I see her in Hindley: Hindley has exactly her eyes, if you had not tried to gouge them out, and made them black and red; and her - "
But Umslopogaas held up the great Groan- Maker, the iron chieftainess, and examined its curved points of blue steel, the gouge that stands behind it, and the beauty of its haft, bound about with wire of brass, and ending in a knob like the knob of a stick, as a lover looks upon the beauty of his bride.
roared the terrified Jupiter, placing his hand upon his right organ of vision, and holding it there with a desperate pertinacity, as if in immediate dread of his master's attempt at a gouge.
steeple” was a little cupola, reared on the very centre of the roof, on four tall pillars of pine that were fluted with a gouge, and loaded with mouldings.
But them scars--that gouge out of your face--all them fingers missing on your hand?
The third time the graduated income tax was declared unconstitutional was a gouge.
You had no hand in the gouging, but you took your whack out of the gouge.
It's all a rotten game, I know; and my sole kick is that you fellows are squealing now that you're down and labour's taking a gouge out of you.
And of all unmitigated immoral gouges, your destruction of the closed-shop principle was the limit.
With the squid-stick, bluntly sharp at both ends, perhaps a foot long, and held crosswise in the hand, the trick was to gouge any lazying squid until he closed his tentacles around fist, stick and arm.
Thirdly, their fighting code stood in great need of revision, as empowering them not only to bore their man to the ropes, but to bore him to the confines of distraction; also to hit him when he was down, hit him anywhere and anyhow, kick him, stamp upon him, gouge him, and maul him behind his back without mercy.