govern


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Related to govern: government officials

gov·ern

 (gŭv′ərn)
v. gov·erned, gov·ern·ing, gov·erns
v.tr.
1. To make and administer the public policy and affairs of (a state, for example); exercise sovereign authority over.
2. To control the speed or magnitude of; regulate: a valve that governs fuel intake.
3. To control the actions or behavior of: Govern yourselves like civilized people.
4. To keep under control; restrain: a student who could not govern his impulses.
5. To exercise a deciding or determining influence on: Chance usually governs the outcome of the game.
6. Grammar To require (a specific morphological form) of accompanying words.
v.intr.
1. To exercise political authority.
2. To have or exercise a determining influence.

[Middle English governen, from Old French governer, from Latin gubernāre, from Greek kubernān.]

gov′ern·a·ble adj.

govern

(ˈɡʌvən)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (also intr) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2. to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper.
3. to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports.
4. (Automotive Engineering) to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5. (Automotive Engineering) to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6. (Linguistics) (of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them.
[C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan]
ˈgovernable adj
ˌgovernaˈbility, ˈgovernableness n

gov•ern

(ˈgʌv ərn)

v.t.
1. to rule by right of authority, as a sovereign does: to govern a nation.
2. to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide: the motives governing a decision.
3. to hold in check; control: to govern one's temper.
4. to serve as or constitute a law for: the principles governing a case.
5. (of a word or class of words) to require the use of a particular form of (another word or class).
6. to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
v.i.
7. to exercise the function of government.
8. to have predominating influence.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer]
gov′ern•a•ble, adj.

govern

- From Greek kubernan, "to steer."
See also related terms for steer.

govern


Past participle: governed
Gerund: governing

Imperative
govern
govern
Present
I govern
you govern
he/she/it governs
we govern
you govern
they govern
Preterite
I governed
you governed
he/she/it governed
we governed
you governed
they governed
Present Continuous
I am governing
you are governing
he/she/it is governing
we are governing
you are governing
they are governing
Present Perfect
I have governed
you have governed
he/she/it has governed
we have governed
you have governed
they have governed
Past Continuous
I was governing
you were governing
he/she/it was governing
we were governing
you were governing
they were governing
Past Perfect
I had governed
you had governed
he/she/it had governed
we had governed
you had governed
they had governed
Future
I will govern
you will govern
he/she/it will govern
we will govern
you will govern
they will govern
Future Perfect
I will have governed
you will have governed
he/she/it will have governed
we will have governed
you will have governed
they will have governed
Future Continuous
I will be governing
you will be governing
he/she/it will be governing
we will be governing
you will be governing
they will be governing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been governing
you have been governing
he/she/it has been governing
we have been governing
you have been governing
they have been governing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been governing
you will have been governing
he/she/it will have been governing
we will have been governing
you will have been governing
they will have been governing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been governing
you had been governing
he/she/it had been governing
we had been governing
you had been governing
they had been governing
Conditional
I would govern
you would govern
he/she/it would govern
we would govern
you would govern
they would govern
Past Conditional
I would have governed
you would have governed
he/she/it would have governed
we would have governed
you would have governed
they would have governed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.govern - bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; "We cannot regulate the way people dress"; "This town likes to regulate"
standardize, standardise - cause to conform to standard or norm; "The weights and measures were standardized"
decide, make up one's mind, determine - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"
district, zone - regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns
2.govern - direct or strongly influence the behavior of; "His belief in God governs his conduct"
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
3.govern - exercise authority over; as of nations; "Who is governing the country now?"
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
throne - sit on the throne as a ruler
misgovern - govern badly
dictate - rule as a dictator
reign - have sovereign power; "Henry VIII reigned for a long time"
4.govern - require to be in a certain grammatical case, voice, or mood; "most transitive verbs govern the accusative case in German"
necessitate, need, require, call for, demand, postulate, involve, ask, take - require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"

govern

verb
1. rule, lead, control, command, manage, direct, guide, handle, conduct, order, reign over, administer, oversee, supervise, be in power over, call the shots, call the tune, hold sway over, superintend They go to the polls on Friday to choose the people they want to govern their country.
2. determine, decide, guide, rule, influence, underlie, sway Marine insurance is governed by a strict series of rules and regulations.

govern

verb
1. To have charge of (the affairs of others):
2. To exercise the authority of a sovereign:
Archaic: sway.
Idiom: wear the crown.
3. To keep the mechanical operation of (a device) within proper parameters:
4. To exercise authority or influence over:
Idioms: be at the helm, be in the driver's seat, hold sway over, hold the reins.
Translations
يُأثِّر تأثيرا شديدايَحْكُم
ovládatvládnoutřídit
bestemmeregerestyrebetingetlede
hallitamäärätäsäätää
ákvarîa , stjórnast, hafa áhrif ástjórna
ietekmētnoteiktpārvaldītvadītvaldīt
vladati

govern

[ˈgʌvən]
A. VT
1. (= rule) [+ country] → gobernar
2. (= control) [+ city, business] → dirigir; [+ choice, decision] → guiar; [+ emotions] → dominar
3. (Ling) → regir
B. VI (Pol) → gobernar

govern

[ˈgʌvərn]
vt
(= rule) [+ country] → gouverner
to be governed by → être gouverné(e) par
(= control) → régir
vi [party, ruler] → gouverner

govern

vt
(= rule) countryregieren; province, colony, school etcverwalten
(= control: rules, laws etc) → bestimmen; (legislation)regeln; (= determine, influence) choice, decisionbestimmen, beeinflussen; development, person, actionsbeeinflussen; lifebeherrschen; regulations governing the sale of spiritsBestimmungen über den Verkauf von Spirituosen; strict rules governing how much they can earnstrenge Vorschriften darüber, wie viel sie verdienen dürfen; to be governed by somebody’s wishessich nach jds Wünschen richten
(= hold in check) passions etcbeherrschen; (Mech) speed, engineregulieren; to govern one’s tempersich beherrschen
(Gram) caseregieren; the number of the verb is governed by the subjectdas Verb richtet sich in der Zahl nach dem Subjekt
vi (Pol) → regieren, an der Regierung sein

govern

[ˈgʌvn] vt (rule, country) → governare; (subj, king) → regnare (in); (control, business) → dirigere; (city) → amministrare; (choice, decision) → regolare; (person) → guidare; (emotions) → dominare (Gram) → reggere

govern

(ˈgavən) verb
1. to rule. The queen governed (the country) wisely and well.
2. to influence. Our policy is governed by three factors.
References in classic literature ?
So am I, but a kind word will govern me when all the king's horses and all the king's men couldn't," said Jo, trying to say a kind word for her friend, who seemed to get out of one scrape only to fall into another.
It was, of course, with a perfect understanding of the minute and intricate interests which had armed friend against friend, and brought natural enemies to combat by each other's side, that the scout and his companions now disposed themselves to deliberate on the measures that were to govern their future movements, amid so many jarring and savage races of men.
Greasy or not greasy, they will govern you, when their time comes," said Augustine; "and they will be just such rulers as you make them.
In the four parts of the earth are many that are able to write learned books, many that are able to lead armies, and many also that are able to govern kingdoms and empires; but few there be that can keep a hotel.
When I think that these precious souls are to-day shut up in the prison-house of slavery, my feelings overcome me, and I am almost ready to ask, "Does a righteous God govern the universe?
She had an excellent heart;--her disposition was affectionate, and her feelings were strong; but she knew how to govern them: it was a knowledge which her mother had yet to learn; and which one of her sisters had resolved never to be taught.
Experience had taught her to govern him in all essential points by giving way to him afterward on all points of minor detail.
or can introduce Law and Edict on us, who without law Erre not, much less for this to be our Lord, And look for adoration to th' abuse Of those Imperial Titles which assert Our being ordain'd to govern, not to serve?
At the fellow-student who adored some Henry or Augustus, not from the drivelling sentimentality which the world calls love, but because this particular Henry or Augustus was a phoenix to whom the laws that govern the relations of ordinary lads and lasses did not apply, Agatha laughed in her sleeve.
This illustrious person had very usefully employed his studies, in finding out effectual remedies for all diseases and corruptions to which the several kinds of public administration are subject, by the vices or infirmities of those who govern, as well as by the licentiousness of those who are to obey.
The terror of society, which is the basis of morals, the terror of God, which is the secret of religion--these are the two things that govern us.
For this reason I should be glad were fortune soon to offer me some opportunity of making myself an emperor, so as to show my heart in doing good to my friends, particularly to this poor Sancho Panza, my squire, who is the best fellow in the world; and I would gladly give him a county I have promised him this ever so long, only that I am afraid he has not the capacity to govern his realm.