govern

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gov·ern

 (gŭv′ərn)
v. gov·erned, gov·ern·ing, gov·erns
v.tr.
1. To make and administer the public policy and affairs of (a state, for example); exercise sovereign authority over.
2. To control the speed or magnitude of; regulate: a valve that governs fuel intake.
3. To control the actions or behavior of: Govern yourselves like civilized people.
4. To keep under control; restrain: a student who could not govern his impulses.
5. To exercise a deciding or determining influence on: Chance usually governs the outcome of the game.
6. Grammar To require (a specific morphological form) of accompanying words.
v.intr.
1. To exercise political authority.
2. To have or exercise a determining influence.

[Middle English governen, from Old French governer, from Latin gubernāre, from Greek kubernān.]

gov′ern·a·ble adj.

govern

(ˈɡʌvən)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (also intr) to direct and control the actions, affairs, policies, functions, etc, of (a political unit, organization, nation, etc); rule
2. to exercise restraint over; regulate or direct: to govern one's temper.
3. to be a predominant influence on (something); decide or determine (something): his injury governed his decision to avoid sports.
4. (Automotive Engineering) to control the speed of (an engine, machine, etc) using a governor
5. (Automotive Engineering) to control the rate of flow of (a fluid) by using an automatic valve
6. (Linguistics) (of a word) to determine the inflection of (another word): Latin nouns govern adjectives that modify them.
[C13: from Old French gouverner, from Latin gubernāre to steer, from Greek kubernan]
ˈgovernable adj
ˌgovernaˈbility, ˈgovernableness n

gov•ern

(ˈgʌv ərn)

v.t.
1. to rule by right of authority, as a sovereign does: to govern a nation.
2. to exercise a directing or restraining influence over; guide: the motives governing a decision.
3. to hold in check; control: to govern one's temper.
4. to serve as or constitute a law for: the principles governing a case.
5. (of a word or class of words) to require the use of a particular form of (another word or class).
6. to regulate the speed of (an engine) with a governor.
v.i.
7. to exercise the function of government.
8. to have predominating influence.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Old French gouverner < Latin gubernāre to steer (a ship) < Greek kybernân to steer]
gov′ern•a•ble, adj.

govern

- From Greek kubernan, "to steer."
See also related terms for steer.

govern


Past participle: governed
Gerund: governing

Imperative
govern
govern
Present
I govern
you govern
he/she/it governs
we govern
you govern
they govern
Preterite
I governed
you governed
he/she/it governed
we governed
you governed
they governed
Present Continuous
I am governing
you are governing
he/she/it is governing
we are governing
you are governing
they are governing
Present Perfect
I have governed
you have governed
he/she/it has governed
we have governed
you have governed
they have governed
Past Continuous
I was governing
you were governing
he/she/it was governing
we were governing
you were governing
they were governing
Past Perfect
I had governed
you had governed
he/she/it had governed
we had governed
you had governed
they had governed
Future
I will govern
you will govern
he/she/it will govern
we will govern
you will govern
they will govern
Future Perfect
I will have governed
you will have governed
he/she/it will have governed
we will have governed
you will have governed
they will have governed
Future Continuous
I will be governing
you will be governing
he/she/it will be governing
we will be governing
you will be governing
they will be governing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been governing
you have been governing
he/she/it has been governing
we have been governing
you have been governing
they have been governing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been governing
you will have been governing
he/she/it will have been governing
we will have been governing
you will have been governing
they will have been governing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been governing
you had been governing
he/she/it had been governing
we had been governing
you had been governing
they had been governing
Conditional
I would govern
you would govern
he/she/it would govern
we would govern
you would govern
they would govern
Past Conditional
I would have governed
you would have governed
he/she/it would have governed
we would have governed
you would have governed
they would have governed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.govern - bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations; "We cannot regulate the way people dress"; "This town likes to regulate"
standardize, standardise - cause to conform to standard or norm; "The weights and measures were standardized"
decide, make up one's mind, determine - reach, make, or come to a decision about something; "We finally decided after lengthy deliberations"
district, zone - regulate housing in; of certain areas of towns
2.govern - direct or strongly influence the behavior of; "His belief in God governs his conduct"
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
3.govern - exercise authority over; as of nations; "Who is governing the country now?"
control, command - exercise authoritative control or power over; "control the budget"; "Command the military forces"
throne - sit on the throne as a ruler
misgovern - govern badly
dictate - rule as a dictator
reign - have sovereign power; "Henry VIII reigned for a long time"
4.govern - require to be in a certain grammatical case, voice, or mood; "most transitive verbs govern the accusative case in German"
necessitate, need, require, call for, demand, postulate, involve, ask, take - require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"

govern

verb
1. rule, lead, control, command, manage, direct, guide, handle, conduct, order, reign over, administer, oversee, supervise, be in power over, call the shots, call the tune, hold sway over, superintend They go to the polls on Friday to choose the people they want to govern their country.
2. determine, decide, guide, rule, influence, underlie, sway Marine insurance is governed by a strict series of rules and regulations.

govern

verb
1. To have charge of (the affairs of others):
2. To exercise the authority of a sovereign:
Archaic: sway.
Idiom: wear the crown.
3. To keep the mechanical operation of (a device) within proper parameters:
4. To exercise authority or influence over:
Idioms: be at the helm, be in the driver's seat, hold sway over, hold the reins.
Translations
يُأثِّر تأثيرا شديدايَحْكُم
ovládatvládnoutřídit
bestemmeregerestyrebetingetlede
hallitamäärätäsäätää
ákvarîa , stjórnast, hafa áhrif ástjórna
ietekmētnoteiktpārvaldītvadītvaldīt
vladati

govern

[ˈgʌvən]
A. VT
1. (= rule) [+ country] → gobernar
2. (= control) [+ city, business] → dirigir; [+ choice, decision] → guiar; [+ emotions] → dominar
3. (Ling) → regir
B. VI (Pol) → gobernar

govern

[ˈgʌvərn]
vt
(= rule) [+ country] → gouverner
to be governed by → être gouverné(e) par
(= control) → régir
vi [party, ruler] → gouverner

govern

vt
(= rule) countryregieren; province, colony, school etcverwalten
(= control: rules, laws etc) → bestimmen; (legislation)regeln; (= determine, influence) choice, decisionbestimmen, beeinflussen; development, person, actionsbeeinflussen; lifebeherrschen; regulations governing the sale of spiritsBestimmungen über den Verkauf von Spirituosen; strict rules governing how much they can earnstrenge Vorschriften darüber, wie viel sie verdienen dürfen; to be governed by somebody’s wishessich nach jds Wünschen richten
(= hold in check) passions etcbeherrschen; (Mech) speed, engineregulieren; to govern one’s tempersich beherrschen
(Gram) caseregieren; the number of the verb is governed by the subjectdas Verb richtet sich in der Zahl nach dem Subjekt
vi (Pol) → regieren, an der Regierung sein

govern

[ˈgʌvn] vt (rule, country) → governare; (subj, king) → regnare (in); (control, business) → dirigere; (city) → amministrare; (choice, decision) → regolare; (person) → guidare; (emotions) → dominare (Gram) → reggere

govern

(ˈgavən) verb
1. to rule. The queen governed (the country) wisely and well.
2. to influence. Our policy is governed by three factors.
References in classic literature ?
If you were a Socialist," the hotelkeeper would say, "you would understand that the power which really governs the United States today is the Railroad Trust.
I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically.
But you may prosper, for all that: there is no just God that governs the earth righteously, but a God of lies, that bears witness against the innocent.
To whom these most adhere, Hee rules a moment; CHAOS Umpire sits, And by decision more imbroiles the fray By which he Reigns: next him high Arbiter CHANCE governs all.
Beware," he said, "of telling any one what you have told me, for the prince who governs the kingdom is your father's greatest enemy, and he will be rejoiced to find you in his power.
They practise no rites of worship, though they believe that in the regions above there dwells a Being that governs the world: whether by this Being they mean the sun or the sky is not known; or, indeed, whether they have not some conception of the God that created them.
Though this principle does not run through all the powers delegated to the Union, yet it pervades and governs those on which the efficacy of the rest depends.
We have a king ten years old, who doesn't yet know what he wants; we have a queen blinded by a belated passion; we have a minister who governs France as he would govern a great farm -- that is to say, intent only on turning out all the gold he can by the exercise of Italian cunning and invention; we have princes who set up a personal and egotistic opposition, who will draw from Mazarin's hands only a few ingots of gold or some shreds of power granted as bribes.
In America the President reigns for four years, and Journalism governs for ever and ever.
said the captain, "now the king is come, there is no more walking for anybody - no more free will; the password governs all now, you as much as me, me as much as you.
Why is it that when the giant struggle comes it should be Germany who governs your hear, it should be Germany who calls even to me?
This attracts the soul, Governs the inner man, the nobler part; That other o'er the body only reigns, And oft by force--which to a generous mind So reigning can be no sincere delight.