grain


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grain

 (grān)
n.
1.
a. A small, dry, one-seeded fruit of a cereal grass, having the fruit and the seed walls united: a single grain of wheat; gleaned the grains from the ground one at a time. Also called caryopsis.
b. The fruits of cereal grasses especially after having been harvested, considered as a group: The grain was stored in a silo.
2.
a. A cereal grass: Wheat is a grain grown in Kansas.
b. Cereal grasses considered as a group: Grain is grown along the river.
3.
a. A relatively small discrete particulate or crystalline mass: a grain of sand.
b. A small amount or the smallest amount possible: hasn't a grain of sense.
4. Aerospace A mass of solid propellant.
5. Abbr. gr. A unit of weight in the US Customary System, an avoirdupois unit equal to 0.002285 ounce (0.065 gram).
6. The arrangement, direction, or pattern of the fibrous tissue in wood.
7.
a. The side of a hide or piece of leather from which the hair or fur has been removed.
b. The pattern or markings on this side of leather.
8. The pattern produced, as in stone, by the arrangement of particulate constituents.
9. The relative size of the particles composing a substance or pattern: a coarse grain.
10. A painted, stamped, or printed design that imitates the pattern found in wood, leather, or stone.
11. The direction or texture of fibers in a woven fabric.
12. A state of fine crystallization.
13.
a. Basic temperament or nature; disposition.
b. An essential quality or characteristic.
14. Archaic Color; tint.
v. grained, grain·ing, grains
v.tr.
1. To cause to form into grains; granulate.
2. To paint, stamp, or print with a design imitating the grain of wood, leather, or stone.
3. To give a granular or rough texture to.
4. To remove the hair or fur from (hides) in preparation for tanning.
v.intr.
To form grains.
Idioms:
against the grain
Contrary to custom, one's inclination, or good sense.
with a grain of salt
With reservations; skeptically: Take that advice with a grain of salt.

[Middle English, from Old French graine, from Latin grānum; see gr̥ə-no- in Indo-European roots.]

grain′er n.

grain

(ɡreɪn)
n
1. (Botany) the small hard seedlike fruit of a grass, esp a cereal plant
2. (Botany) a mass of such fruits, esp when gathered for food
3. (Botany) the plants, collectively, from which such fruits are harvested
4. a small hard particle: a grain of sand.
5. (Furniture)
a. the general direction or arrangement of the fibrous elements in paper or wood: to saw across the grain.
b. the pattern or texture of wood resulting from such an arrangement: the attractive grain of the table.
6. the relative size of the particles of a substance: sugar of fine grain.
7. (Geological Science)
a. the granular texture of a rock, mineral, etc
b. the appearance of a rock, mineral, etc, determined by the size and arrangement of its constituents
8. (Tanning)
a. the outer (hair-side) layer of a hide or skin from which the hair or wool has been removed
b. the pattern on the outer surface of such a hide or skin
9. (Furniture) a surface artificially imitating the grain of wood, leather, stone, etc; graining
10. (Units) the smallest unit of weight in the avoirdupois, Troy, and apothecaries' systems, based on the average weight of a grain of wheat: in the avoirdupois system it equals of a pound, and in the Troy and apothecaries' systems it equals of a pound. 1 grain is equal to 0.0648 gram. Abbreviation: gr
11. (Units) Also called: metric grain a metric unit of weight used for pearls or diamonds, equal to 50 milligrams or one quarter of a carat
12. (Textiles) the threads or direction of threads in a woven fabric
13. (Photography) photog any of a large number of particles in a photographic emulsion, the size of which limit the extent to which an image can be enlarged without serious loss of definition
14. (Broadcasting) television a granular effect in a television picture caused by electrical noise
15. (Jewellery) cleavage lines in crystalline material, parallel to growth planes
16. (Chemistry) chem any of a large number of small crystals forming a polycrystalline solid, each having a regular array of atoms that differs in orientation from that of the surrounding crystallites
17. (Cookery) a state of crystallization: to boil syrup to the grain.
18. a very small amount: a grain of truth.
19. natural disposition, inclination, or character (esp in the phrase go against the grain)
20. (Astronautics) astronautics a homogenous mass of solid propellant in a form designed to give the required combustion characteristics for a particular rocket
21. (Dyeing) (not in technical usage) kermes or a red dye made from this insect
22. (Dyeing) dyeing an obsolete word for colour
23. with a grain of salt with a pinch of salt without wholly believing: sceptically
vb (mainly tr)
24. (also intr) to form grains or cause to form into grains; granulate; crystallize
25. to give a granular or roughened appearance or texture to
26. (Furniture) to paint, stain, etc, in imitation of the grain of wood or leather
27. (Tanning)
a. to remove the hair or wool from (a hide or skin) before tanning
b. to raise the grain pattern on (leather)
[C13: from Old French, from Latin grānum]
ˈgrainer n
ˈgrainless adj

grain

(greɪn)

n.
1. a small, hard seed, esp. the seed of a food plant such as wheat, corn, rye, oats, rice, or millet.
2. the gathered seed of food plants, esp. of cereal plants.
3. such plants collectively.
4. any small, hard particle, as of sand, gold, pepper, or gunpowder.
5. the smallest unit of weight in the U.S. and British systems, equal to 0.002285 ounce (0.0648 gram).
6. the smallest possible amount of anything: a grain of truth.
7. the arrangement or direction of the fibers in wood, meat, etc., or the pattern resulting from this.
8.
a. the side of leather from which the hair has been removed.
b. the pattern or markings on this side.
9. the direction of threads in a woven fabric.
10. the lamination or cleavage of stone, coal, etc.
11. any of the individual crystalline particles forming a metal.
12. a unit of weight equal to 50 milligrams or ¼ carat, used for pearls and sometimes diamonds.
13. the size of constituent particles of any substance; texture.
14. a granular texture or appearance: a stone of coarse grain.
15. a state of crystallization: boiled to the grain.
16. temper or natural character: two brothers of similar grain.
v.t.
17. to form into grains; granulate.
18. to give a granular appearance to.
19. to paint in imitation of the grain of wood, stone, etc.
20. to feed grain to (an animal).
21.
a. to remove the hair from (skins).
b. to soften and raise the grain of (leather).
[1250–1300; < Old French grain < Latin grānum seed, grain; see corn1]
grain′er, n.
grain′less, adj.

grain

(grān)
1. A small, hard seed, especially of wheat, corn, rice, or another cereal plant.
2. A small particle of something, such as salt, pollen, or sand.
3. A unit of weight equal to 0.002 ounce (0.07 gram). See Table at measurement.

grain


Past participle: grained
Gerund: graining

Imperative
grain
grain
Present
I grain
you grain
he/she/it grains
we grain
you grain
they grain
Preterite
I grained
you grained
he/she/it grained
we grained
you grained
they grained
Present Continuous
I am graining
you are graining
he/she/it is graining
we are graining
you are graining
they are graining
Present Perfect
I have grained
you have grained
he/she/it has grained
we have grained
you have grained
they have grained
Past Continuous
I was graining
you were graining
he/she/it was graining
we were graining
you were graining
they were graining
Past Perfect
I had grained
you had grained
he/she/it had grained
we had grained
you had grained
they had grained
Future
I will grain
you will grain
he/she/it will grain
we will grain
you will grain
they will grain
Future Perfect
I will have grained
you will have grained
he/she/it will have grained
we will have grained
you will have grained
they will have grained
Future Continuous
I will be graining
you will be graining
he/she/it will be graining
we will be graining
you will be graining
they will be graining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been graining
you have been graining
he/she/it has been graining
we have been graining
you have been graining
they have been graining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been graining
you will have been graining
he/she/it will have been graining
we will have been graining
you will have been graining
they will have been graining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been graining
you had been graining
he/she/it had been graining
we had been graining
you had been graining
they had been graining
Conditional
I would grain
you would grain
he/she/it would grain
we would grain
you would grain
they would grain
Past Conditional
I would have grained
you would have grained
he/she/it would have grained
we would have grained
you would have grained
they would have grained

grain

(gr) A unit of mass measurement, used especially in the apothecaries’ system. 1 grain = 1⁄7000 lb (avoirdupois); 480 grains = 1 ounce troy; 24 grains = 1 pennyweight.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grain - a relatively small granular particle of a substancegrain - a relatively small granular particle of a substance; "a grain of sand"; "a grain of sugar"
granule - a tiny grain
corpuscle, mote, particle, speck, molecule, atom - (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
2.grain - foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grassesgrain - foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
food product, foodstuff - a substance that can be used or prepared for use as food
edible corn, corn - ears of corn that can be prepared and served for human food
grist - grain intended to be or that has been ground
groats - the hulled and crushed grain of various cereals
millet - small seed of any of various annual cereal grasses especially Setaria italica
barley, barleycorn - a grain of barley
buckwheat - grain ground into flour
wheat, wheat berry - grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour
oat - seed of the annual grass Avena sativa (spoken of primarily in the plural as `oats')
rice - grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
Indian rice, wild rice - grains of aquatic grass of North America
malt - a cereal grain (usually barley) that is kiln-dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling
3.grain - the side of leather from which the hair has been removed
leather - an animal skin made smooth and flexible by removing the hair and then tanning
4.grain - a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 caratgrain - a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat
metric weight unit, weight unit - a decimal unit of weight based on the gram
mg, milligram - one thousandth (1/1,000) gram
decigram, dg - 1/10 gram
5.grain - 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams
troy unit - any of the unit of the troy system of weights
apothecaries' unit, apothecaries' weight - any weight unit used in pharmacy; an ounce is equal to 480 grains and a pound is equal to 12 ounces
scruple - a unit of apothecary weight equal to 20 grains
pennyweight - a unit of apothecary weight equal to 24 grains
6.grain - 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams
avoirdupois unit - any of the units of the avoirdupois system of weights
dram - 1/16 ounce or 1.771 grams
7.grain - dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corngrain - dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn
amaranth - seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in Central and South America
barleycorn - a grain of barley
wheat berry - a grain of wheat
kernel - a single whole grain of a cereal; "a kernel of corn"
rye - the seed of the cereal grass
seed - a small hard fruit
8.grain - a cereal grass; "wheat is a grain that is grown in Kansas"
cereal, cereal grass - grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet
9.grain - the smallest possible unit of anything; "there was a grain of truth in what he said"; "he does not have a grain of sense"
littleness, smallness - the property of having a relatively small size
10.grain - the direction, texture, or pattern of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; "saw the board across the grain"
texture - the characteristic appearance of a surface having a tactile quality
wood grain, woodgrain, woodiness - texture produced by the fibers in wood
graining, woodgraining - a texture like that of wood
11.grain - the physical composition of something (especially with respect to the size and shape of the small constituents of a substance); "breadfruit has the same texture as bread"; "sand of a fine grain"; "fish with a delicate flavor and texture"; "a stone of coarse grain"
physical composition, composition, make-up, makeup, constitution - the way in which someone or something is composed
Verb1.grain - thoroughly work in; "His hands were grained with dirt"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
2.grain - paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood
paint - apply paint to; coat with paint; "We painted the rooms yellow"
3.grain - form into grains
form - assume a form or shape; "the water formed little beads"
4.grain - become granular
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form

grain

noun
1. seed, kernel, grist a grain of wheat
2. cereal, corn a bag of grain
4. texture, pattern, surface, fibre, weave, nap Brush the paint over the wood in the direction of the grain. see rice and other cereals

grain

noun
Translations
إتجاه الأليافبِذْرَه ، حَبَّهحَبَّةحبوبحُبوب
zrnkozrnoobilízrnívlákno
kornåregran
viljajyväkarvaootratapehmittää
žitaricazrno
egy szemernyiszélirány
agnarögn, sannleikskornkornmynsturögn, arîa
一粒木目穀物穀粒
곡물곡식알갱이
grūdasgrūdeliskruopelėprieštarauti prigimčiairievės
dzīslagraudigraudiņšgraudskripata
žilkovanie
žitozrno
kornmajs
เม็ดเมล็ดพืชข้าวโพด
cây ngũ cốchạthạt ngũ cốc

grain

[greɪn] N
1. (= single particle of wheat, sand etc) → grano m
2. (no pl) (= cereals) → cereales mpl (US) (= corn) → trigo m
3. (fig) [of sense, truth] → pizca f
there's not a grain of truth in iten eso no hay ni pizca de verdad
with a grain of saltcon reservas
4. [of wood] → fibra f, hebra f; [of stone] → veta f, vena f; [of leather] → flor f; [of cloth] → granilla f (Phot) → grano m
against the graina contrapelo
to saw with the grainaserrar a hebra
it goes against the grainno me pasa, no me entra
5. (Pharm) → grano m

grain

[ˈgreɪn] n
[salt, wheat, sand] → grain m
a grain of truth → une once de vérité
(= cereals) → céréales fpl
(US) (= corn) → blé m
[wood] → fibre f
it goes against the grain → cela va à l'encontre de sa (or ma ) naturegrain elevator n (US)silo m à céréales

grain

n
no plGetreide nt, → Korn nt
(of corn, salt, sand etc)Korn nt; (fig, of sense, malice) → Spur f; (of truth)Körnchen nt; (of hope)Funke m; that’s a grain of comfortdas ist wenigstens ein kleiner Trost
(of leather)Narben m; (of cloth)Strich m; (of meat)Faser f; (of wood, marble)Maserung f; (of stone)Korn nt, → Gefüge nt; (Phot) → Korn nt; it goes against the (Brit) or my (US) grain (fig)es geht einem gegen den Strich
(= weight)Gran nt
vt woodmasern; leather, papernarben

grain

:
grain alcohol
grain elevator
nGetreideheber m

grain

[greɪn] n
a. (no pl, cereals) → cereali mpl (Am) (corn) → grano
b. (single seed, of wheat, rice) → chicco, granello; (particle, of sand, salt, sense) → grano, granello
there's not a grain of truth in what you say → non c'è un briciolo di verità in quello che dici
c. (of wood, marble) → venatura; (of leather, also) (Phot) → grana
it goes against the grain (fig) → va contro la mia (or la sua ) natura

grain

(grein) noun
1. a seed of wheat, oats etc.
2. corn in general. Grain is ground into flour.
3. a very small, hard particle. a grain of sand.
4. the way in which the lines of fibre run in wood, leather etc.
5. a very small amount. There isn't a grain of truth in that story.
go against the grain
to be against a person's wishes, feelings etc. It goes against the grain for me to tell lies.

grain

حَبَّة, ذُرَة obilí, zrnko, zrno korn Getreide, Korn, Samenkorn κόκκος, σιτηρά grano, maíz jyvä, vilja grain, maïs žitarica, zrno granello, grano, mais 一粒, 穀粒, 穀草 곡물, 곡식, 알갱이 graankorrel, koren, korrel frø, korn, snev kukurydza, ziarno grão, milho зерно, зерновые культуры, крупица korn, majs เม็ด, เมล็ดพืช, ข้าวโพด mısır, tahıl tanesi, tanecik cây ngũ cốc, hạt, hạt ngũ cốc 一粒, 谷物

grain

n. grano, cereal.

grain

n (pharm) unidad f de peso equivalente a 0,0648 gramos; (food) grano, cereal m
References in classic literature ?
I ought to be satisfied to please Grandfather, and I do try, but it's working against the grain, you see, and comes hard.
Uncas, lad, go down to the canoe, and bring up the big horn; it is all the powder we have left, and we shall need it to the last grain, or I am ignorant of the Mingo nature.
They seemed to have flung away all the golden grain of practical wisdom, which they had enjoyed so many opportunities of harvesting, and most carefully to have stored their memory with the husks.
These children were, by the strangest of chances for a man in his position--a lone man without the right sort of experience or a grain of patience--very heavily on his hands.
Hence it is, that, while other ships may have gone to China from New York, and back again, touching at a score of ports, the whale-ship, in all that interval, may not have sighted one grain of soil; her crew having seen no man but floating seamen like themselves.
Beyond the orchard Jurgis struck through a patch of woods, and then a field of winter grain, and came at last to another road.
Howsomever, I'll do the very best I can in gettin' Tom a good berth; as to my treatin' on him bad, you needn't be a grain afeard.
One could never detect a smirch or a grain of dust upon them.
He's told some stretchers, I reckon, and I said I wouldn't swallow it all; and that's every bit and grain I DID say.
Dawson's Landing was a slaveholding town, with a rich, slave-worked grain and pork country back of it.
She wondered; then she was just a grain troubled; next a dim suspicion came and went -- came again; she watched; a furtive glance told her worlds -- and then her heart broke, and she was jealous, and angry, and the tears came and she hated everybody.
All the valley at my right hand was full of pasture-fields, and cornfields, and wood; and a glittering stream ran zig-zag through the varied shades of green, the mellowing grain, the sombre woodland, the clear and sunny lea.