grammatical case


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Related to grammatical case: nominative case, Grammatical aspect

grammatical case

The English language has largely discarded its case system, which is the manner by which a noun is inflected depending on its grammatical function as a subject or object in a sentence. English largely uses prepositions to accomplish this now, but personal pronouns are one part of English in which the case system is still active, being inflected depending on whether they function as a subject, object, possessive determiner, or possessive pronoun.
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ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grammatical case - nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
nominative, nominative case, subject case - the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb
oblique, oblique case - any grammatical case other than the nominative
References in periodicals archive ?
Expert can easily set preposition (if any), grammatical case of the argument and select argument type (from predefined list); but it becomes harder to define all the prepositions and cases as the number of event types and verbs grows up.
In a recent publication I have argued that these forms correspond to dative-shift, in which the logical patient is demoted to the essive and the recipient or beneficiary of the action is raised to the absolutive (see Campbell, "Agent, Subject, Patient, and Beneficiary: Grammatical Roles in Hurrian," in Grammatical Case in the Languages of the Middle East and Europe, ed.
In (3b) the two constituents are again nouns but -e- does not represent the grammatical case (genitive ka).
Int'l Colloquium on Grammatical Case in the Languages.
It seems that this marker is just on its way to grammaticalize into a real grammatical case marker for all kinds of oblique verbal arguments such as addressees, recipients and experiencer, but also nonprototypical agents.
Macroroles are only assigned to core arguments, that is, arguments with no morphological marking as in Present-day English or marked by a grammatical case as in Old English, (4) in opposition to oblique arguments, which are introduced by argument-marking or argument-adjunct prepositions.
On the other hand, pronouns, although relatively few in number compared with nouns, tend not to follow simple, straightforward inflectional patterns analogous to one or other nominal inflection pattern, precisely because of their function--their role, in any grammatical case, of substituting for any noun (II 24, p.
1) This captured the imagination of a generation that until then had rarely heard "meaning" mentioned in connection with linguistics, one also that had never encountered a language in which grammatical case played much of a part.
This kind of identity between singular and plural does not occur in other lexical types, nor in the grammatical cases of the given word: pert 'house.
Old English had grammatical cases, like Latin or Russian, but these were abandoned.
It is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets and has seven grammatical cases.