grammatical relation


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Noun1.grammatical relation - a linguistic relation established by grammar
linguistic relation - a relation between linguistic forms or constituents
concord, agreement - the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations
transitiveness, transitivity - the grammatical relation created by a transitive verb
intransitiveness, intransitivity - the grammatical relation created by an intransitive verb
coreference - the grammatical relation between two words that have a common referent
conjunction - the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction
complementation - the grammatical relation of a word or phrase to a predicate
coordination - the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
subordination - the grammatical relation of a modifying word or phrase to its head
limiting, qualifying, modification - the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase
modality, mood, mode - verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker
anaphoric relation - the relation between an anaphor and its antecedent
voice - (linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes
inflection, inflexion - a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
aspect - the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb
References in periodicals archive ?
There is no evidence for the grammatical relation of "indirect object" in the language; that is, there is no intermediate category, ranging after subjects and direct objects, but preceding oblique objects on the Accessibility Hierarchy (Keenan and Comrie 1977) with respect to relativization, the use of reflexives, and quantifiers.
Extracting grammatical relations from the feature structure produced by the parser is simple: there is a grammatical relation between the head word of each sub-structure and the head word of the outer structure containing the sub-structure in question.
9) Alignment of person and grammatical relation (from Aissen 1999a: 682)
in terms of a relational hierarchy of the Keenan & Comrie or Perlmutter & Postal sort, whereby arguments are ranked with respect to various phenomena in terms of the grammatical relation they bear, with direct object (or relation 2) being intermediate to subject (R1) and indirect object (R3).
Furthermore, the grammatical relation Subject-of is more precisely defined, by structurally identifying the Subject of S, S or NP as the least embedded NP in the structure.
In Toqabaqita instrument inversion, the grammatical relation (but not the sentence position) of the patient/theme NP is taken over by the instrument NP.
If, for example, a language has a consistent S/A pivot throughout several key constructions and, in addition, displays the same morphosyntactical devices to encode S and A, then the language has the obvious grammatical relation of subject, which is [S, A].
In the chapter on relative clauses, there is unfortunately confusion between whether "X relative clause," where "X" is some grammatical relation, refers to the grammatical relation in the subordinate or the main clause; in the discussion of subject and object relative clauses, the former is illustrated, while the clear examples of "oblique relative clauses" illustrate the latter (examples [30]-[31] on p.
He relates the argument structure to the grammatical relations subject and object and discusses some interesting restrictions of the mapping from argument roles to grammatical relation with several compelling examples.
In this case the secondary topic function is grammaticalized as the grammatical relation of the direct object in the same way as the subject is typically a result of the grammaticalization of the primary topic.
The discussion and analysis involve a variety of grammatical fields in the language such as argument structure, grammatical relations, possessive constructions, and subordinate constructions.
There seems to be some confusion as to how to analyze nominal constituents--in other words, their grammatical relations and semantic roles--and that confusion seems to derive from the failure to distinguish these two notions in Sumerian grammar.