They cover basic sentence structure and grammatical categories; transitivity; topic and subject; toritate: focusing and defocusing of words, phrases, and clauses; the layered structure of the sentence; functional syntax; locative alternation; nominalization; the morphosyntax of grammaticalization
in Japanese; modality; the passive voice; case marking; interfacing syntax with sounds and meanings; subject; numerical quantifiers; relative clauses; expressions that contain negation; ga/no conversion; ellipsis; syntax and argument structure; and scrambling.
It also proposes a novel cline of grammaticalization
for a question word, and thus illustrates the benefits of combining the methods of conversation analysis and historical linguistics.
Thanks to advances in computational and theoretical linguistics, with the development of computerized corpora, and also to developments in the study of semantic change and grammaticalization
processes, there has been renewed interest in the topic from different perspectives (cf.
Molencki (2005, 2007a, 2007b, 2008, 2011a, 2011b) devotes his papers to the study of prepositions/adverbs such as after, before, because, forward developing into conjunctions (in the framework of Hopper & Traugott's grammaticalization
(2003) and Traugott's subjectification (1989, 1995)) as well as to the analysis of a group of prepositions/conjunctions borrowed from French.
In other terms, it is an upgrading, a movement in reverse, on the syntactic, morphophonological and semantic hierarchies used to describe the more frequent grammaticalization
Context types in grammaticalization
This led to the decay of the primitive meanings of the terms under investigation, which first underwent lexicalization and, later, grammaticalization
, as they developed new metaphorical meanings.
2) This is in connection with the fact that the grammaticalization
chain leading from the number meaning 'one' to the indefinite article via the indefinite determiner (indefinite pronoun, to be more accurate) is considered a linguistic universal, or as "a reasonable candidate for a linguistic quasi-universal" (Weiss 2004: 141).
Another product is a typology of grammaticalization
paths of non-nominative case marking of subjects.
Among the topics are language switching in auditory processing among Croatian speakers of English, computer-mediated communication for language learning, kuca "house" as a conceptual and lexical category in the semantic space of specialist architecture discourse, and a case study of idiom variation and grammaticalization
Wasserman discusses the grammaticalization
path of the particles from their lexical source to modal particles (pp.
tendencies show how adverbs are becoming increasingly intersubjective and oriented to index subtle pragmatic nuances about the point of view of the speaker in the discursive context (Gonzalez 1999, cf.