cerebellum

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cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in periodicals archive ?
Histology of PR reveals focal parakeratosis in the epidermis in mounds with exocytosis of lymphocytes, variable spongiosis, mild acanthosis, and a thinned granular layer.
Histopathological examination revealed hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, loss of granular layer, supra-papillary thinning, dilated papillary dermal vessels, and a perivascular chronic inflammatory infiltrate in the dermis s/o psoriasis vulgaris (Figure 2).
They described an inflammatory and psoriasiform appearance histopathologically, including areas of parakeratosis with loss of the granular cell layer and orthokeratosis with a prominent granular layer with a sharp demarcation.
They are produced in the granular layer of the epidermis below the stratum corneum.
Skin biopsy from the abdominal lesion showed laminated orthokeratosis, a normal granular layer, and a thickened granular layer in some areas.
The granular layer and perimeter drain allow that to happen.
Coagulation with output power of 4-5 W completely damaged the neurons and NF protein in the molecular layer, external granular layer, and external pyramidal layer.
1, which includes a fully programmable policy engine via the regex or enhanced aFleX commands, extends new advanced DDoS mitigation capabilities to block additional attacks such as the recent POODLE attack, and provides advanced rate-limiting for granular Layer 4-7 control to enable incident mitigation.
11) The characteristically enlarged folia is a result of a thickened internal granular layer secondary to replacement by hypertrophic ganglion cells, increased myelination of the adjacent molecular layer, and diminishment or complete absence of purkinje cells and astroglial/ganglion cells at the interface of the granular and molecular layers.
In the granular layer of the cerebellar cortex we showed bands of tissue rarefaction and a drastic reduction in the number of basket cells.
The total number of granule neuron is the product of the volume of granular layer multiplied by the numerical density of granule neurons: N=NVx[V.
Eruptive Vellus Dermal cysts lined by stratified squamous Hair Cysts epithelium, with granular layer, contained vellus hairs; no sebaceous glands [6] Epidermoid cysts Cysts lined by stratified epithelium, with granular layer, lamellar keratin inside [7] Milia Small cysts in the superficial dermis coated by epithelium with granular cell layer' contains lamellar keratin [7] Trichilemmal cysts Cysts lined by squamous epithelium without granular layer, filled with homogenous keratin [7] Steatocystomas Cysts lined by stratified squamous epithelium without granular layer and vellus hairs inside the cavity; sebaceous lobules close to the cystic wall [7]