granule

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Related to granule cell: Granular cell

gran·ule

 (grăn′yo͞ol)
n.
1. A small grain or pellet; a particle.
2. Geology A rock or mineral fragment larger than a sand grain and smaller than a pebble, between 2 and 4 millimeters in diameter.
3. Astronomy One of the small, transient, luminous markings in the photosphere of the sun.
4. Biology A cellular or cytoplasmic particle, especially one that stains readily.

[Late Latin grānulum, diminutive of Latin grānum, grain; see gr̥ə-no- in Indo-European roots.]

granule

(ˈɡrænjuːl)
n
1. a small grain
2. (Geological Science) geology a single rock fragment in gravel, smaller than a pebble but larger than a sand grain
3. (Astronomy) astronomy another name for granulation5
[C17: from Late Latin grānulum a small grain]

gran•ule

(ˈgræn yul)

n.
1. a little grain.
2. a small particle; pellet.
[1645–55; < Late Latin grānulum small grain. See grain, -ule]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.granule - a tiny graingranule - a tiny grain        
microsome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA
chondrule - small granule (of e.g. chrysolite) found in some meteoric rocks
grain - a relatively small granular particle of a substance; "a grain of sand"; "a grain of sugar"
plastid - any of various small particles in the cytoplasm of the cells of plants and some animals containing pigments or starch or oil or protein

granule

noun grain, scrap, molecule, particle, fragment, atom, crumb, jot, speck, iota granules of coarse-grain sea salt
Translations
حُبيْبَه
zrnko
lille korn
smákorn, ögn
granuliuotasgrūdėtas
granulagraudiņš

granule

[ˈgrænjuːl] N [of sugar etc] → gránulo m

granule

[ˈgrænjl] ngranule m

granule

nKörnchen nt

granule

[ˈgrænjuːl] ngranello

granule

(ˈgrӕnjuːl) noun
a very small particle. a granule of sugar.
ˈgranular adjective
ˈgranulated (-lei-) adjective
broken into tiny particles. granulated sugar.

gran·ule

n. gránulo, partícula pequeña formada de gránulos;
acidophil ______ acidófilo, que acepta colorantes ácidos;
basophil ______ basófilo, que acepta colorantes básicos.

granule

n gránulo
References in periodicals archive ?
Natalizumab-associated JC virus (JCV) granule cell neuronopathy (GCN) complicated by immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in a patient with MS, S.
All 113LBoPrP-Tg037 mice at the terminal disease stage showed spongiosis in the cerebral cortex, thalamus, and hilus of the dentate gyrus, but not in the CA1 region of the hippocampus and granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus, compared with age-matched control BoPrP-Tg110 mice (Figure 2).
Results of the study were published in the March 30, 2007, issue of Neuroscience under the title "Environmental Lead Exposure During Early Life Alters Granule Cell Neurogenesis and Morphology in the Hippocampus of Young Adult Rats.
There is a region of tissue just under the granule cell layer in which new neurons constantly are being generated.
We believe neuroscientists will be surprised by the huge neurological impact of granule cell disruption and interested in the demonstration of a potentially novel disease mechanism.
the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus) also varies among mouse strains (Gould 1999).
Molecular mechanisms of cerebellar granule cell proliferation and medulloblastoma University of Rochester, Rochester, New York Principal Investigator: Steven A.
Granule cell cultures were treated for 24 hr with MAM (10-1,000 [micro]M) or HN2 (0.
The researchers also found that Cbln1 is a key player in the establishment of long-term depression (LTD, a molecular form of memory) at the synapse made by the axon of the granule cell (the parallel fiber) and the Purkinje cell.
As glucocorticoid levels rise again at the end of the hyporesponsive period, granule cell proliferation diminishes once again.
These tools will be used here to test hypotheses regarding functions of KARs in granule cells (GCs) in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation, with a focus on mossy fibre long-term potentiation (LTP).
Shea worked with lead authors on the study: Brittany Cazakoff, graduate student in CSHL's Watson School of Biological Sciences, and Billy Lau, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow to engineer a system to observe granule cells for the first time in awake animals.