grate


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grate 1

 (grāt)
v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
v.tr.
1. To reduce to fragments, shreds, or powder by rubbing against an abrasive surface.
2. To cause to make a harsh grinding or rasping sound through friction: grated her teeth in anger.
3. To irritate or annoy persistently: It always grates me to get put on hold.
4. Archaic To rub or wear away.
v.intr.
1. To make a harsh rasping sound: an old gate grating in the wind.
2. To cause irritation or annoyance: a noise that grates on one's nerves.
n.
A harsh rasping sound made by scraping or rubbing: the grate of a key in a lock.

[Middle English graten, from Old French grater, to scrape, of Germanic origin.]

grate 2

 (grāt)
n.
1. A framework of parallel or latticed bars for blocking an opening.
2. A framework of metal bars used to hold fuel or food in a stove, furnace, or fireplace.
3. A fireplace.
4. A perforated iron plate or screen for sieving and grading crushed ore.
tr.v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
To equip with a grate.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin grāta, alteration of Latin crātis, wickerwork.]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
vb
1. (Cookery) (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots.
2. to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3. (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
n
a harsh rasping sound
[C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
n
1. (Building) a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2. a less common word for fireplace
3. (Building) another name for grating1
4. (Mining & Quarrying) mining a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
vb
(tr) to provide with a grate or grates
[C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle]

grate1

(greɪt)

n., v. grat•ed, grat•ing. n.
1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2. a framework of parallel or crossed bars used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
v.t.
4. to furnish with a grate or grates.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crātis wickerwork, hurdle; compare crate]
grate′less, adj.

grate2

(greɪt)

v. grat•ed, grat•ing. v.i.
1. to have an irritating effect: His chatter grates on my nerves.
2. to make a sound of rough scraping.
3. to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4. to rub with rough or noisy friction.
v.t.
5. to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6. to rub together with a harsh sound: to grate one's teeth.
7. to irritate; annoy.
8. Archaic. to abrade.
[1375–1425; < Old French grater < Germanic; compare Old High German chrazzōn to scratch]
grat′er, n.

grate


Past participle: grated
Gerund: grating

Imperative
grate
grate
Present
I grate
you grate
he/she/it grates
we grate
you grate
they grate
Preterite
I grated
you grated
he/she/it grated
we grated
you grated
they grated
Present Continuous
I am grating
you are grating
he/she/it is grating
we are grating
you are grating
they are grating
Present Perfect
I have grated
you have grated
he/she/it has grated
we have grated
you have grated
they have grated
Past Continuous
I was grating
you were grating
he/she/it was grating
we were grating
you were grating
they were grating
Past Perfect
I had grated
you had grated
he/she/it had grated
we had grated
you had grated
they had grated
Future
I will grate
you will grate
he/she/it will grate
we will grate
you will grate
they will grate
Future Perfect
I will have grated
you will have grated
he/she/it will have grated
we will have grated
you will have grated
they will have grated
Future Continuous
I will be grating
you will be grating
he/she/it will be grating
we will be grating
you will be grating
they will be grating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grating
you have been grating
he/she/it has been grating
we have been grating
you have been grating
they have been grating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grating
you will have been grating
he/she/it will have been grating
we will have been grating
you will have been grating
they will have been grating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grating
you had been grating
he/she/it had been grating
we had been grating
you had been grating
they had been grating
Conditional
I would grate
you would grate
he/she/it would grate
we would grate
you would grate
they would grate
Past Conditional
I would have grated
you would have grated
he/she/it would have grated
we would have grated
you would have grated
they would have grated

grate

To shred food by rubbing it against a grater.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grate - a frame of iron bars to hold a firegrate - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
framework - a structure supporting or containing something
furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.
cooking stove, kitchen range, kitchen stove, stove, range - a kitchen appliance used for cooking food; "dinner was already on the stove"
2.grate - a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
3.grate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting airgrate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
radiator grille, grille - grating that admits cooling air to car's radiator
Verb1.grate - furnish with a grate; "a grated fireplace"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.grate - gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The injustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered"
annoy, devil, gravel, irritate, nark, rile, vex, nettle, rag, bother, chafe, get at, get to - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
3.grate - reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface; "grate carrots and onions"; "grate nutmeg"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
4.grate - make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger"
gnash - grind together, of teeth
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
chew, manducate, masticate, jaw - chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth; "He jawed his bubble gum"; "Chew your food and don't swallow it!"; "The cows were masticating the grass"
5.grate - scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
paw - scrape with the paws; "The bear pawed the door"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"

grate

verb
1. shred, mince, pulverize Grate the cheese into a mixing bowl.
2. scrape, grind, rub, scratch, creak, rasp His chair grated as he got to his feet.
grate on someone or grate on someone's nerves annoy, irritate, aggravate (informal), gall, exasperate, nettle, jar, vex, chafe, irk, rankle, peeve, get under your skin (informal), get up your nose (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), set your teeth on edge, get on your wick (Brit. slang), rub you up the wrong way His manner always grated on me.

grate

verb
To bring or come into abrasive contact, often with a harsh grating sound:
Translations
مَوْقِد مُشَبَّكيَبْشُرُيَبْشُر الجُبْن أو الخُضراواتيَخْدِش الآذان
strouhatdrásatdrážditmříž
riveirriterekaminrist
raastaa
ribati
fara í taugarnar árífarist
すりおろす
쇠살대
kaitinātkrist uz nerviemrežģisrīvēt
strúhať
strgati
riva
ขูดออก
ocak ızgarasırendelemeksinirine dokunmakşömine ızgarası
nạo

grate

1 [greɪt] N (= grid) → parrilla f; (= fireplace) → chimenea f

grate

2 [greɪt]
A. VT
1. [+ cheese etc] → rallar
grated cheesequeso m rallado
2. (= scrape) [+ metallic object, chalk etc] → hacer chirriar
to grate one's teethhacer rechinar los dientes
B. VI
1. [chalk, hinge etc] → chirriar (on, against al desplazarse por)
2. (fig) it really grates (on me)me pone los pelos de punta
to grate on the earhacer daño a los oídos
it grates on my nervesme pone los nervios de punta, me destroza los nervios

grate

[ˈgreɪt]
n (in fireplace)grille f de foyer
A fire was burning in the grate
BUT Un feu brûlait dans l'âtre.
vi
(= make a sound) → grincer
to grate on sth (= scrape) → crisser sur qch
(= be annoying) [style] → être agaçant(e)
to grate on sb (= annoy) → agacer qn
vt [+ cheese, carrots] → râper
to grate some cheese → râper du fromage

grate

1
n (= grid)Gitter nt; (in fire) → (Feuer)rost m; (= fireplace)Kamin m

grate

2
vt
(Cook) → reiben; vegetablesraspeln, reiben
(bottom of car, boat etc: = scrape) → streifen; (person: = make a grating noise with) → kratzen mit; one’s teethknirschen mit
vi (= scrape)streifen (→ against +acc); (= make a noise)kratzen; (rusty door)quietschen; (feet on gravel)knirschen; (fig)wehtun (on sb jdm), krank machen (on sb jdn); to grate on somebody’s nervesjdm auf die Nerven gehen; this phrase grates on the eardieser Ausdruck hört sich schlimm an

grate

1 [greɪt] n (in fireplace) → grata, griglia

grate

2 [greɪt]
1. vt
a. (cheese) → grattugiare, grattare
b. (scrape, metallic object, chalk) → far stridere
to grate one's teeth → digrignare i denti
2. vi (hinge) → cigolare, stridere
to grate (on or against) (chalk) → stridere (su)
it really grates (on me) (fig) → mi dà veramente ai or sui nervi

grate1

(greit) noun
a framework of iron bars for holding a fire in a fireplace.

grate2

(greit) verb
1. to rub (cheese, vegetables etc) into small pieces by means of a grater.
2. to irritate. His voice grates on me.
ˈgrater noun
an instrument with a rough surface on which cheese, vegetables etc can be grated.
ˈgrating adjective
(of sounds) unpleasant.

grate

يَبْشُرُ strouhat rive raspeln τρίβω rallar raastaa râper ribati grattugiare すりおろす 쇠살대 raspen raspe utrzeć ralar тереть riva ขูดออก şömine ızgarası nạo 磨碎
References in classic literature ?
He looked sharply at the birds himself, as he held the child up at the grate, especially at the little bird, whose activity he seemed to mistrust.
The fair little face, touched with divine compassion, as it peeped shrinkingly through the grate, was like an angel's in the prison.
said the jailer, putting his little daughter on the outer ledge of the grate, 'she shall feed the birds.
that John Baptist felt it a point of honour to reply at the grate, and in good time and tune, though a little hoarsely:
Now, Monsieur Rigaud,' said he, pausing for a moment at the grate, with his keys in his hands, 'have the goodness to come out.
As he yet stood clasping the grate with both hands, an uproar broke upon his hearing; yells, shrieks, oaths, threats, execrations, all comprehended in it, though (as in a storm) nothing but a raging swell of sound distinctly heard.
Excited into a still greater resemblance to a caged wild animal by his anxiety to know more, the prisoner leaped nimbly down, ran round the chamber, leaped nimbly up again, clasped the grate and tried to shake it, leaped down and ran, leaped up and listened, and never rested until the noise, becoming more and more distant, had died away.
With which parting words, coolly added as he listened to his receding footsteps and locked the grate upon himself, he descended the steps, and lighting the fire below the little copper, prepared, without any assistance, for his daily occupation; which was to retail at the area-head above pennyworths of broth and soup, and savoury puddings, compounded of such scraps as were to be bought in the heap for the least money at Fleet Market in the evening time; and for the sale of which he had need to have depended chiefly on his private connection, for the court had no thoroughfare, and was not that kind of place in which many people were likely to take the air, or to frequent as an agreeable promenade.
He had liberty to walk in a small paved yard at a certain hour, and learnt from the turnkey, who came to unlock his cell and show him where to wash, that there was a regular time for visiting, every day, and that if any of his friends came to see him, he would be fetched down to the grate.
While one person is performing this operation, another takes a ripe cocoanut, and breaking it in halves, which they also do very cleverly, proceeds to grate the juicy meat into fine particles.
In the firing range, the respective boiler lines are equipped with a push-back grate (single-lane 2.
1 Grate the courgette then scoop it up and give it a gentle squeeze over the sink to remove the excess liquid.