grate


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grate 1

 (grāt)
v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
v.tr.
1. To reduce to fragments, shreds, or powder by rubbing against an abrasive surface.
2. To cause to make a harsh grinding or rasping sound through friction: grated her teeth in anger.
3. To irritate or annoy persistently: It always grates me to get put on hold.
4. Archaic To rub or wear away.
v.intr.
1. To make a harsh rasping sound: an old gate grating in the wind.
2. To cause irritation or annoyance: a noise that grates on one's nerves.
n.
A harsh rasping sound made by scraping or rubbing: the grate of a key in a lock.

[Middle English graten, from Old French grater, to scrape, of Germanic origin.]

grate 2

 (grāt)
n.
1. A framework of parallel or latticed bars for blocking an opening.
2. A framework of metal bars used to hold fuel or food in a stove, furnace, or fireplace.
3. A fireplace.
4. A perforated iron plate or screen for sieving and grading crushed ore.
tr.v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
To equip with a grate.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin grāta, alteration of Latin crātis, wickerwork.]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
vb
1. (Cookery) (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots.
2. to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3. (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
n
a harsh rasping sound
[C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
n
1. (Building) a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2. a less common word for fireplace
3. (Building) another name for grating1
4. (Mining & Quarrying) mining a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
vb
(tr) to provide with a grate or grates
[C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle]

grate1

(greɪt)

n., v. grat•ed, grat•ing. n.
1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2. a framework of parallel or crossed bars used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
v.t.
4. to furnish with a grate or grates.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crātis wickerwork, hurdle; compare crate]
grate′less, adj.

grate2

(greɪt)

v. grat•ed, grat•ing. v.i.
1. to have an irritating effect: His chatter grates on my nerves.
2. to make a sound of rough scraping.
3. to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4. to rub with rough or noisy friction.
v.t.
5. to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6. to rub together with a harsh sound: to grate one's teeth.
7. to irritate; annoy.
8. Archaic. to abrade.
[1375–1425; < Old French grater < Germanic; compare Old High German chrazzōn to scratch]
grat′er, n.

grate


Past participle: grated
Gerund: grating

Imperative
grate
grate
Present
I grate
you grate
he/she/it grates
we grate
you grate
they grate
Preterite
I grated
you grated
he/she/it grated
we grated
you grated
they grated
Present Continuous
I am grating
you are grating
he/she/it is grating
we are grating
you are grating
they are grating
Present Perfect
I have grated
you have grated
he/she/it has grated
we have grated
you have grated
they have grated
Past Continuous
I was grating
you were grating
he/she/it was grating
we were grating
you were grating
they were grating
Past Perfect
I had grated
you had grated
he/she/it had grated
we had grated
you had grated
they had grated
Future
I will grate
you will grate
he/she/it will grate
we will grate
you will grate
they will grate
Future Perfect
I will have grated
you will have grated
he/she/it will have grated
we will have grated
you will have grated
they will have grated
Future Continuous
I will be grating
you will be grating
he/she/it will be grating
we will be grating
you will be grating
they will be grating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grating
you have been grating
he/she/it has been grating
we have been grating
you have been grating
they have been grating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grating
you will have been grating
he/she/it will have been grating
we will have been grating
you will have been grating
they will have been grating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grating
you had been grating
he/she/it had been grating
we had been grating
you had been grating
they had been grating
Conditional
I would grate
you would grate
he/she/it would grate
we would grate
you would grate
they would grate
Past Conditional
I would have grated
you would have grated
he/she/it would have grated
we would have grated
you would have grated
they would have grated

grate

To shred food by rubbing it against a grater.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grate - a frame of iron bars to hold a firegrate - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
framework - a structure supporting or containing something
furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.
cooking stove, kitchen range, kitchen stove, stove, range - a kitchen appliance used for cooking food; "dinner was already on the stove"
2.grate - a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
3.grate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting airgrate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
radiator grille, grille - grating that admits cooling air to car's radiator
Verb1.grate - furnish with a grate; "a grated fireplace"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.grate - gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The injustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered"
annoy, devil, gravel, irritate, nark, rile, vex, nettle, rag, bother, chafe, get at, get to - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
3.grate - reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface; "grate carrots and onions"; "grate nutmeg"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
4.grate - make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger"
gnash - grind together, of teeth
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
chew, manducate, masticate, jaw - chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth; "He jawed his bubble gum"; "Chew your food and don't swallow it!"; "The cows were masticating the grass"
5.grate - scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
paw - scrape with the paws; "The bear pawed the door"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"

grate

verb
1. shred, mince, pulverize Grate the cheese into a mixing bowl.
2. scrape, grind, rub, scratch, creak, rasp His chair grated as he got to his feet.
grate on someone or grate on someone's nerves annoy, irritate, aggravate (informal), gall, exasperate, nettle, jar, vex, chafe, irk, rankle, peeve, get under your skin (informal), get up your nose (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), set your teeth on edge, get on your wick (Brit. slang), rub you up the wrong way His manner always grated on me.

grate

verb
To bring or come into abrasive contact, often with a harsh grating sound:
Translations
مَوْقِد مُشَبَّكيَبْشُرُيَبْشُر الجُبْن أو الخُضراواتيَخْدِش الآذان
strouhatdrásatdrážditmříž
riveirriterekaminrist
raastaa
ribati
fara í taugarnar árífarist
すりおろす
쇠살대
kaitinātkrist uz nerviemrežģisrīvēt
strúhať
strgati
riva
ขูดออก
ocak ızgarasırendelemeksinirine dokunmakşömine ızgarası
nạo

grate

1 [greɪt] N (= grid) → parrilla f; (= fireplace) → chimenea f

grate

2 [greɪt]
A. VT
1. [+ cheese etc] → rallar
grated cheesequeso m rallado
2. (= scrape) [+ metallic object, chalk etc] → hacer chirriar
to grate one's teethhacer rechinar los dientes
B. VI
1. [chalk, hinge etc] → chirriar (on, against al desplazarse por)
2. (fig) it really grates (on me)me pone los pelos de punta
to grate on the earhacer daño a los oídos
it grates on my nervesme pone los nervios de punta, me destroza los nervios

grate

[ˈgreɪt]
n (in fireplace)grille f de foyer
A fire was burning in the grate
BUT Un feu brûlait dans l'âtre.
vi
(= make a sound) → grincer
to grate on sth (= scrape) → crisser sur qch
(= be annoying) [style] → être agaçant(e)
to grate on sb (= annoy) → agacer qn
vt [+ cheese, carrots] → râper
to grate some cheese → râper du fromage

grate

1
n (= grid)Gitter nt; (in fire) → (Feuer)rost m; (= fireplace)Kamin m

grate

2
vt
(Cook) → reiben; vegetablesraspeln, reiben
(bottom of car, boat etc: = scrape) → streifen; (person: = make a grating noise with) → kratzen mit; one’s teethknirschen mit
vi (= scrape)streifen (→ against +acc); (= make a noise)kratzen; (rusty door)quietschen; (feet on gravel)knirschen; (fig)wehtun (on sb jdm), krank machen (on sb jdn); to grate on somebody’s nervesjdm auf die Nerven gehen; this phrase grates on the eardieser Ausdruck hört sich schlimm an

grate

1 [greɪt] n (in fireplace) → grata, griglia

grate

2 [greɪt]
1. vt
a. (cheese) → grattugiare, grattare
b. (scrape, metallic object, chalk) → far stridere
to grate one's teeth → digrignare i denti
2. vi (hinge) → cigolare, stridere
to grate (on or against) (chalk) → stridere (su)
it really grates (on me) (fig) → mi dà veramente ai or sui nervi

grate1

(greit) noun
a framework of iron bars for holding a fire in a fireplace.

grate2

(greit) verb
1. to rub (cheese, vegetables etc) into small pieces by means of a grater.
2. to irritate. His voice grates on me.
ˈgrater noun
an instrument with a rough surface on which cheese, vegetables etc can be grated.
ˈgrating adjective
(of sounds) unpleasant.

grate

يَبْشُرُ strouhat rive raspeln τρίβω rallar raastaa râper ribati grattugiare すりおろす 쇠살대 raspen raspe utrzeć ralar тереть riva ขูดออก şömine ızgarası nạo 磨碎
References in classic literature ?
Behold, then, the candles lighted, the fire stimulated to the burning point in the grate, and our three worthies seated round a table, well spread with all the accessories to good fellowship enumerated before.
I had soon read all the tracts that were left there, and examined where former prisoners had broken out, and where a grate had been sawed off, and heard the history of the various occupants of that room; for I found that even there there was a history and a gossip which never circulated beyond the walls of the jail.
I rather think you are mistaken, for when I was talking to her yesterday of getting a new grate for the spare bedchamber, she observed that there was no immediate hurry for it, as it was not likely that the room would be wanted for some time.
This ruddy shine issued from the great dining-room, whose two-leaved door stood open, and showed a genial fire in the grate, glancing on marble hearth and brass fire-irons, and revealing purple draperies and polished furniture, in the most pleasant radiance.
Vigorous puffs, and a resolute stare into the grate, declared he had no ear for this appeal.
Aye, that I do," answered Martha, cheerfully polishing away at the grate.
On one occasion, when an execution had just been put in, coming home through some chance as early as six o'clock, I saw her lying (of course with a twin) under the grate in a swoon, with her hair all torn about her face; but I never knew her more cheerful than she was, that very same night, over a veal cutlet before the kitchen fire, telling me stories about her papa and mama, and the company they used to keep.
A fire had been lately kindled in the damp old-fashioned grate, and it was more disposed to go out than to burn up, and the reluctant smoke which hung in the room seemed colder than the clearer air - like our own marsh mist.
It's lucky as you've got that high hearth i'stead of a grate, for that keeps the fire more out of her reach: but if you've got anything as can be spilt or broke, or as is fit to cut her fingers off, she'll be at it--and it is but right you should know.
While the one struck a light with a flint and steel, the other disposed the charcoal in the large rusty grate which we have already mentioned, and exercised the bellows until the fuel came to a red glow.
Indeed, it seemed impossible for either of us to remain much longer in the house; the fall of coals in the kitchen grate, the very ticking of the clock, filled us with alarms.
But if I should describe the kitchen grate, the prodigious pots and kettles, the joints of meat turning on the spits, with many other particulars, perhaps I should be hardly believed; at least a severe critic would be apt to think I enlarged a little, as travellers are often suspected to do.