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These verbs mean to feel, show, or express grief, sadness, or regret: grieved over her father's death; lamenting about the decline in academic standards; mourns for lost hopes; sorrowed for a lost friend.
(See also DEJECTION.)
come home by Weeping Cross To suffer disappointment or failure; to mourn, to lament; to be penitent and remorseful. The origin of this now rarely heard expression is obscure. There are several place names of this designation in England, but the common explanation that they were the site of penitential devotions is without substance. Use of the expression may have given rise to the explanation, rather than vice versa; for example, the following passage from Lyly’s Euphues (1580):
The time will come when coming home by weeping cross, thou shalt confess.
in sackcloth and ashes In a state of remorse and penitence; contrite, repentant; in mourning, sorrowful. This expression alludes to the ancient Hebrew custom of wearing sackcloth, a coarse fabric of camel’s or goat’s hair, and ashes (usually sprinkled on the head) to humble one-self as a sign of sorrow or penitence. Among the Biblical references to this custom is that in the Book of Daniel (9:3):
Then I turned my face to the Lord, God, seeking him by prayer and supplications with fasting and sackcloth and ashes.
The expression has been used metaphorically for centuries.
He knew that for all that had befallen she was mourning in mental sackcloth and ashes. (Hugh Conway, A Family Affair, 1805)
A common variation is wearing sackcloth and ashes.
wear the willow To mourn the death of a mate; to suffer from unrequited love. The willow, especially the weeping willow, has long been a symbol of sorrow or grief. Psalm 137:1-2 is said to explain why the branches of the willow tree droop:
By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. We hanged our harps upon the willows in the midst thereof.
Wear the willow appeared in print by the 16th century but is rarely, if ever, heard today.
There’s … Marie … wearing the willow because … Engemann is away courting Madam Carouge. (Katharine S. Macquoid, At the Red Glove, 1885)
|Adj.||1.||grieving - sorrowful through loss or deprivation; "bereft of hope"|
sorrowful - experiencing or marked by or expressing sorrow especially that associated with irreparable loss; "sorrowful widows"; "a sorrowful tale of death and despair"; "sorrowful news"; "even in laughter the heart is sorrowful"- Proverbs 14:13