grind


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grind

 (grīnd)
v. ground (ground), grind·ing, grinds
v.tr.
1.
a. To reduce to small bits or crush to a fine powder: grind wheat into flour; grind coffee beans.
b. To shape, sharpen, or refine with friction: grind scissors to a fine edge; grind lenses for eyeglasses.
2. To rub (two surfaces) together harshly; gnash: grind one's teeth.
3. To bear down on harshly; crush: The team's spirit was ground down by harsh losses.
4. To oppress or weaken gradually or persistently: "Laws grind the poor, and rich men rule the law" (Oliver Goldsmith).
5. To operate by turning a crank: ground a hurdy-gurdy.
6. To instill or teach by persistent repetition: ground the truth into their heads.
v.intr.
1. To perform the operation of grinding something.
2. To become crushed, pulverized, or powdered by friction: Those coffee beans ground easily.
3.
a. To move with noisy friction; grate: a train grinding along rusty rails.
b. To ride a skateboard, a snowboard, or skis over a grind rail or narrow surface, often with the board or skis at right angles to the direction of movement.
4. Informal To devote oneself to study or work: grinding for a test; grinding away at housework.
5. Slang To rotate the pelvis erotically, as while dancing or performing a striptease.
n.
1. The act of grinding.
2. A crunching or grinding noise.
3.
a. A specific grade or degree of pulverization, as of coffee beans: drip grind.
b. Bits of ground coffee; grounds.
4. Informal A laborious task, routine, or study: the daily grind.
5. Informal A student who works or studies excessively.
6. Slang An erotic rotation of the pelvis.
Phrasal Verb:
grind out
To produce mechanically or without inspiration: a hack writer who grinds out one potboiler after another.
Idiom:
grind it out
To make a persistent effort in doing something that is difficult; work at something persistently.

[Middle English grinden, from Old English grindan; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots.]

grind′ing·ly adv.

grind

(ɡraɪnd)
vb, grinds, grinding or ground
1. to reduce or be reduced to small particles by pounding or abrading: to grind corn; to grind flour.
2. (tr) to smooth, sharpen, or polish by friction or abrasion: to grind a knife.
3. to scrape or grate together (two things, esp the teeth) with a harsh rasping sound or (of such objects) to be scraped together
4. (foll by: out) to speak or say (something) in a rough voice
5. (often foll by: down) to hold down; oppress; tyrannize
6. (Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to operate (a machine) by turning a handle
7. (foll by: out) to produce in a routine or uninspired manner: he ground out his weekly article for the paper.
8. (foll by: out) to continue to play in a dull or insipid manner: the band only ground out old tunes all evening.
9. (often foll by: into) to instil (facts, information, etc) by persistent effort: they ground into the recruits the need for vigilance.
10. (intr) informal to study or work laboriously
11. (Dancing) (intr) chiefly US to dance erotically by rotating the pelvis (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
n
12. informal laborious or routine work or study
13. slang chiefly US a person, esp a student, who works excessively hard
14. (Cookery) a specific grade of pulverization, as of coffee beans: coarse grind.
15. slang Brit the act of sexual intercourse
16. (Dancing) chiefly US a dance movement involving an erotic rotation of the pelvis
17. the act or sound of grinding
[Old English grindan; related to Latin frendere, Lithuanian gréndu I rub, Low German grand sand]
ˈgrindingly adv

grind

(graɪnd)

v. ground, grind•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet: to grind a lens.
2. to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; pulverize.
3. to oppress, torment, or crush: ground by poverty.
4. to rub harshly or gratingly; grit: to grind one's teeth.
5. to operate by turning a crank: to grind a hand organ.
6. to produce by crushing or abrasion: to grind flour.
v.i.
7. to reduce something to fine particles.
8. to rub harshly; grate.
9. to be or become ground.
10. to be polished or sharpened by friction.
11. Informal. to work or study laboriously (often fol. by away).
12. (in a dance) to rotate the hips in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 9).
13. grind out,
a. to produce in a routine or mechanical way.
b. to extinguish (a cigarette) against a surface.
n.
14. the act of grinding.
15. a grinding sound.
16. a grade of particle fineness into which a substance is ground: coffee available in various grinds.
17. laborious, usu. uninteresting work.
18. an excessively diligent student.
19. a dance movement in which the hips are rotated in a suggestive manner. Compare bump (def. 16).
[before 950; Old English grindan; akin to Gothic grinda- ground up, Latin frendere to grind]

Grind

 a school of blackfish or bottle-nosed whales, 1885.

grind


Past participle: ground
Gerund: grinding

Imperative
grind
grind
Present
I grind
you grind
he/she/it grinds
we grind
you grind
they grind
Preterite
I ground
you ground
he/she/it ground
we ground
you ground
they ground
Present Continuous
I am grinding
you are grinding
he/she/it is grinding
we are grinding
you are grinding
they are grinding
Present Perfect
I have ground
you have ground
he/she/it has ground
we have ground
you have ground
they have ground
Past Continuous
I was grinding
you were grinding
he/she/it was grinding
we were grinding
you were grinding
they were grinding
Past Perfect
I had ground
you had ground
he/she/it had ground
we had ground
you had ground
they had ground
Future
I will grind
you will grind
he/she/it will grind
we will grind
you will grind
they will grind
Future Perfect
I will have ground
you will have ground
he/she/it will have ground
we will have ground
you will have ground
they will have ground
Future Continuous
I will be grinding
you will be grinding
he/she/it will be grinding
we will be grinding
you will be grinding
they will be grinding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grinding
you have been grinding
he/she/it has been grinding
we have been grinding
you have been grinding
they have been grinding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grinding
you will have been grinding
he/she/it will have been grinding
we will have been grinding
you will have been grinding
they will have been grinding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grinding
you had been grinding
he/she/it had been grinding
we had been grinding
you had been grinding
they had been grinding
Conditional
I would grind
you would grind
he/she/it would grind
we would grind
you would grind
they would grind
Past Conditional
I would have ground
you would have ground
he/she/it would have ground
we would have ground
you would have ground
they would have ground
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grind - an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or boringly studiousgrind - an insignificant student who is ridiculed as being affected or boringly studious
assimilator, learner, scholar - someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs
2.grind - the grade of particle fineness to which a substance is ground; "a coarse grind of coffee"
degree, level, grade - a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality; "a moderate grade of intelligence"; "a high level of care is required"; "it is all a matter of degree"
3.grind - hard monotonous routine workgrind - hard monotonous routine work  
toil, labor, labour - productive work (especially physical work done for wages); "his labor did not require a great deal of skill"
4.grind - the act of grinding to a powder or dust
compaction, crunch, crush - the act of crushing
Verb1.grind - press or grind with a crushing noise
press - exert pressure or force to or upon; "He pressed down on the boards"; "press your thumb on this spot"
grind down, tyrannise, tyrannize - rule a country as a tyrant
2.grind - make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger"
gnash - grind together, of teeth
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
chew, manducate, masticate, jaw - chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth; "He jawed his bubble gum"; "Chew your food and don't swallow it!"; "The cows were masticating the grass"
3.grind - work hardgrind - work hard; "She was digging away at her math homework"; "Lexicographers drudge all day long"
do work, work - be employed; "Is your husband working again?"; "My wife never worked"; "Do you want to work after the age of 60?"; "She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money"; "She works as a waitress to put herself through college"
4.grind - dance by rotating the pelvis in an erotically suggestive way, often while in contact with one's partner such that the dancers' legs are interlaced
trip the light fantastic, trip the light fantastic toe, dance - move in a pattern; usually to musical accompaniment; do or perform a dance; "My husband and I like to dance at home to the radio"
5.grind - reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading; "grind the spices in a mortar"; "mash the garlic"
pulp - reduce to pulp; "pulp fruit"; "pulp wood"
pestle - grind, mash or pulverize in a mortar; "pestle the garlic"
mill - grind with a mill; "mill grain"
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
6.grind - created by grinding; "grind designs into the glass bowl"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
7.grind - shape or form by grinding; "grind lenses for glasses and cameras"
shape, mould, mold, form, forge, work - make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded the rice balls carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough"; "shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword"

grind

verb
1. crush, mill, powder, grate, pulverize, pound, kibble, abrade, granulate Grind the pepper in a pepper mill.
2. press, push, crush, jam, mash, force down He ground his cigarette under his heel.
3. grate, scrape, grit, gnash If you grind your teeth at night, see your dentist.
4. sharpen, file, polish, sand, smooth, whet The tip can be ground to a much sharper edge.
noun
1. hard work (Informal) labour, effort, task, sweat (informal), chore, toil, drudgery Life continues to be a terrible grind for the ordinary person.
grind on drag on, last, persist, keep going, stretch out, draw out, spin out The war has been grinding on for seven years.
grind someone down oppress, suppress, harass, subdue, hound, bring down, plague, persecute, subjugate, trample underfoot, tyrannize (over) There will always be some bosses who want to grind you down.
grind something out produce, turn out, generate, churn out He was forced to grind out second-rate out novels in order to support his family.
grind to a halt stop, halt, stall The peace process has ground to a halt.

grind

verb
1. To break up into tiny particles:
2. To rub together noisily:
3. Informal. To do tedious, laborious, and sometimes menial work:
4. Informal. To study or work hard, especially when pressed for time:
Informal: bone (up), cram.
5. To treat arbitrarily or cruelly:
noun
1. Informal. A habitual, laborious, often tiresome course of action:
Slang: groove.
2. Informal. One who works or toils tirelessly:
Informal: workhorse.
Translations
يَطْحَنكَدْح، عَمَل شاقيَحُكُّ ، يَصرُّ أسنانهيحُكُّ شَيئا بِشَيء
mlítskřípatvrtětvtlačitzavrtat
malemasepulverisererutinearbejdeslid
jauhaakeinuttaahioa
mljeti
darálköszörüllélekölõ munkamorzsolőröl
gnísta, nístakremja, merjamalastreî, púl
挽く
...을 갈아 (가루로) 만들다
brūžintidirbti be atvangosdžeržgiantisgriežtiilgas varginantis darbas
asinātberzētberztgriezt zobusgrind one’s teeth
zavŕtať
mleti
mala
บด
öğütmekömür törpüsü işsürtmekzor işgıcırdatmak
xay

grind

[graɪnd] (ground (pt, pp))
A. VT
1. [+ coffee] → moler; [+ corn, flour] → moler, machacar; [+ stone] → pulverizar (US) (Culin) [+ meat] → picar
to grind sth into or to a powderreducir algo a polvo, pulverizar algo
to grind sth into the earthclavar algo en el suelo
to grind one's teethrechinar los dientes
2. (= sharpen) [+ knife] → amolar, afilar
3. (= polish) [+ gem, lens] → esmerilar
B. VI [machine etc] → funcionar con dificultad
to grind againstludir ruidosamente con
to grind to a halt or standstillpararse en seco
C. N (= dull hard work) → trabajo m pesado
the work was such a grindel trabajo era tan pesado
the daily grindla rutina diaria
grind away VI + ADV (= work hard) → trabajar como un esclavo (Mus) → tocar laboriosamente
to grind away at grammarempollar or machacar la gramática
grind down VT + ADV
1. (lit) → pulverizar
to grind sth down to (a) powderreducir algo a polvo, pulverizar algo
2. (= wear away) → desgastar
3. (= oppress) → agobiar, oprimir
to grind down the oppositiondestruir lentamente a la oposición
grind on VI + ADV the case went grinding on for monthsel pleito se desarrolló penosamente durante varios meses
grind out VT + ADV [+ tune] → tocar mecánicamente; [+ essay, novel etc] → producir (a costa de mucho esfuerzo)
grind up VT + ADVpulverizar

grind

[ˈgraɪnd]
vb [ground] [ˈgraʊnd] (pt, pp)
vt
(= crush) → écraser
[+ coffee, pepper] → moudre
(US) [+ meat] → hacher
(= make sharp) → aiguiser
(= polish) [+ gem, lens] → polir
to grind one's teeth → grincer des dents
vi
[car gears] → grincer
to grind to a halt [vehicle, traffic] → s'immobiliser (fig) [process, economy] → s'arrêter, s'immobiliser
n (= work) → corvée f
the grind of sth [+ work] → la corvée de qch
the daily grind → le train-train quotidien
grind down
vt sep (= demoralize) [+ person] → abattre
grind on
vi (= continue) → continuer d'une manière monotone
grind out
vt sep
[+ cigarette] → écraser
(= produce) [+ result, win] → arriver à; [+ book, record] → pondre
grind up
vt sep [+ seeds, spices] → moudre

grind

vb: pret, ptp <ground>
vt
(= crush)zerkleinern, zermahlen; corn, coffee, pepper, flourmahlen; (in mortar) → zerstoßen; to grind something to a powderetw fein zermahlen/zerstoßen; to grind one’s teethmit den Zähnen knirschen
(= polish, sharpen) gem, lens, knifeschleifen
(= turn) handle, barrel organdrehen; to grind one’s heel into the earthden Absatz in die Erde bohren
the tyrant ground the people into the dustder Tyrann hat das Volk zu Tode geschunden
vi
(mill)mahlen; (brakes, teeth, gears)knirschen; the metal ground against the stonedas Metall knirschte auf dem Stein; the ship ground against the rocksdas Schiff lief knirschend auf die Felsen auf; to grind to a halt or standstill (lit)quietschend zum Stehen kommen; (fig)stocken; (production etc)zum Erliegen kommen; (negotiations)sich festfahren; the tanks were grinding southdie Panzer rollten langsam nach Süden
(inf, = study) → büffeln (inf)
n
(= sound)Knirschen nt ? bump
(fig inf: = drudgery) → Schufterei f (inf); (US inf: = swot) → Streber(in) m(f) (inf); the daily grindder tägliche Trott; it’s a real grinddas ist ganz schön mühsam (inf); she found housework a grindsie empfand Hausarbeit als Plackerei (inf)

grind

[graɪnd] (ground (vb: pt, pp))
1. vt (coffee, corn) → macinare (Am) (meat) → tritare, macinare; (car gears) → grattare; (sharpen, knife) → arrotare; (polish, gem, lens) → molare
to grind one's teeth → digrignare i denti
to grind sth into the earth → schiacciare qc col piede
2. vistridere, cigolare
to grind to a halt (vehicle) → rallentare fino a fermarsi (fig) (talks, scheme) → insabbiarsi (work, production) → cessare del tutto
3. n (fam) (work) → sgobbata
the daily grind (fam) → il trantran m inv quotidiano
grind away vi + adv (fam) → sgobbare
grind down vt + adv (substance) → levigare (fig) (oppress) → schiacciare, opprimere
grind on vi + advcontinuare
the years grind on → gli anni avanzano inesorabilmente
grind up vt + advpolverizzare

grind

(graind) past tense, past participle ground (graund) verb
1. to crush into powder or small pieces. This machine grinds coffee.
2. to rub together, usually producing an unpleasant noise. He grinds his teeth.
3. to rub into or against something else. He ground his heel into the earth.
noun
boring hard work. Learning vocabulary is a bit of a grind.
ˈgrinder noun
a person or machine that grinds. a coffee-grinder.
ˈgrinding adjective
1. with a sound of grinding. The train came to a grinding stop.
2. severe. grinding poverty.
ˈgrindstone noun
a wheel-shaped stone against which knives are sharpened as it turns.
grind down
to crush. She was ground down by poverty.
grind up
to grind into powder or small pieces. This machine grinds up rocks.
keep (some)one's nose to the grindstone
to (force someone to) work hard, without stopping.

grind

يَطْحَن mlít male mahlen αλέθω moler jauhaa moudre mljeti macinare 挽く ...을 갈아 (가루로) 만들다 malen kverne zemleć moer молоть mala บด öğütmek xay

grind

vt (pret & pp ground) (a pill, etc.) triturar (form), moler; (one’s teeth) rechinar, apretar (los dientes); I think you’re grinding your teeth in your sleep..Creo que rechina (aprieta) los dientes durante el sueño.
References in classic literature ?
I don't much wonder, poor dear, for you see other girls having splendid times, while you grind, grind, year in and year out.
He had a monkey on his shoulder, dressed in a Highland plaid; and, to complete the sum of splendid attractions wherewith he presented himself to the public, there was a company of little figures, whose sphere and habitation was in the mahogany case of his organ, and whose principle of life was the music which the Italian made it his business to grind out.
There were some, of course, who had wandered in from other places, who had been ground up in other mills; there were others who were out from their own fault--some, for instance, who had not been able to stand the awful grind without drink.
Yo grind dis yer corn, and get my supper baked, ye har?
It is a moral teething; and I grind with greater energy in proportion to the increase of pain.
Attorney-General rose to spin the rope, grind the axe, and hammer the nails into the scaffold.
I forgot to mention that he would talk to himself sometimes, and grin, and clench his fist, and grind his teeth, and pull his hair in an unaccountable manner.
smooth as the stones on which women grind their corn.
They grind the branches and the thick parts of the leaves, and when they are mingled with milk, find them a delicious food.
said Sancho; "don't you see that those are mills that stand in the river to grind corn?
Who else can mend and grind your swords and patch your pannikins--and fight, too, when occasion serve?
I heard its teeth grind on the iron plate, and the dugong disappeared, carrying the harpoon with him.