ground


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Related to ground: ground control, ground zero

ground 1

 (ground)
n.
1.
a. The solid surface of the earth.
b. The floor of a body of water, especially the sea.
2. Soil; earth: level the ground for a lawn.
3. often grounds An area of land designated for a particular purpose: a burial ground; parade grounds.
4. often grounds The land surrounding or forming part of a house or another building: a guesthouse on the grounds of the mansion.
5. An area or a position that is contested in or as if in battle: The soldiers held their ground against the enemy. Character witnesses helped the defendant stand her ground in the trial.
6. Something that serves as a foundation or means of attachment for something else: a ground of white paint under the mural.
7. A surrounding area; a background.
8. often grounds The foundation for an argument, belief, or action; a basis.
9. often grounds The underlying condition prompting an action; a cause: grounds for suspicion; a ground for divorce. See Synonyms at base1.
10. An area of reference or discussion; a subject: The professor covered new ground in every lecture.
11. grounds
a. The sediment at or from the bottom of a liquid: coffee grounds.
b. Particles of ground coffee beans for use in making coffee for drinking.
12. Electricity
a. A large conducting body, such as the earth or an electric circuit connected to the earth, used as an arbitrary zero of potential.
b. A conducting object, such as a wire, that is connected to such a position of zero potential.
13. A mesh background upon which patterns are worked in lace-making.
v. ground·ed, ground·ing, grounds
v.tr.
1. To place on or cause to touch the ground.
2. To provide a basis for (a theory, for example); justify.
3. To supply with basic information; instruct in fundamentals.
4.
a. To prevent (an aircraft or a pilot) from flying.
b. Informal To restrict (someone) especially to a certain place as a punishment.
5. Electricity To connect (an electric circuit) to a ground.
6. Nautical To run (a vessel) aground.
7.
a. Baseball To hit (a ball) onto the ground.
b. Football To throw (a ball) to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage.
v.intr.
1. To touch or reach the ground.
2. Baseball To hit a ground ball: grounded to the second baseman.
3. Nautical To run aground.
Phrasal Verb:
ground out Baseball
To be put out by hitting a ground ball that is fielded and thrown to first base.
Idioms:
drive/run into the ground
To belabor (an issue or a subject).
from the ground up
From the most basic level to the highest level; completely: designed the house from the ground up; learned the family business from the ground up.
off the ground
Under way, as if in flight: Because of legal difficulties, the construction project never got off the ground.
on (one's) own ground
In a situation where one has knowledge or competence: a sculptor back on her own ground after experiments with painting.
on the ground
At a place that is exciting, interesting, or important: a reporter who wanted to be on the ground when the story broke.
to ground
1. Into a den or burrow: a fox going to ground.
2. Into hiding.

[Middle English, from Old English grund.]

ground 2

 (ground)
v.
Past tense and past participle of grind.

ground

(ɡraʊnd)
n
1. (Physical Geography) the land surface
2. earth or soil: he dug into the ground outside his house.
3. (plural) the land around a dwelling house or other building
4. (sometimes plural) an area of land given over to a purpose: football ground; burial grounds.
5. land having a particular characteristic: level ground; high ground.
6. matter for consideration or debate; field of research or inquiry: the lecture was familiar ground to him; the report covered a lot of ground.
7. a position or viewpoint, as in an argument or controversy (esp in the phrases give ground, hold, stand, or shift one's ground)
8. position or advantage, as in a subject or competition (esp in the phrases gain ground, lose ground, etc)
9. (often plural) reason; justification: grounds for complaint.
10. (Art Terms) arts
a. the prepared surface applied to the support of a painting, such as a wall, canvas, etc, to prevent it reacting with or absorbing the paint
b. the support of a painting
c. the background of a painting or main surface against which the other parts of a work of art appear superimposed
11. (Art Terms)
a. the first coat of paint applied to a surface
b. (as modifier): ground colour.
12. (Physical Geography) the bottom of a river or the sea
13. (plural) sediment or dregs, esp from coffee
14. (Building) chiefly Brit the floor of a room
15. (Cricket) cricket
a. the area from the popping crease back past the stumps, in which a batsman may legally stand
b. ground staff
16. (Music, other) See ground bass
17. (Textiles) a mesh or network supporting the main pattern of a piece of lace
18. (General Physics) electrical
a. a connection between an electrical circuit or device and the earth, which is at zero potential
b. Also called: earth a terminal to which this connection is made
19. above ground alive
20. below ground dead and buried
21. break new ground to do something that has not been done before
22. cut the ground from under someone's feet to anticipate someone's action or argument and thus make it irrelevant or meaningless
23. to the ground down to the ground informal Brit completely; absolutely: it suited him down to the ground.
24. get off the ground informal to make a beginning, esp one that is successful
25. go to ground to go into hiding
26. hit the ground running to make immediate and rapid progress: They have worked hard and hit the ground running.
27. into the ground beyond what is requisite or can be endured; to exhaustion
28. meet someone on his own ground to meet someone according to terms he has laid down himself
29. the high ground the moral high ground a position of moral or ethical superiority in a dispute
30. (Nautical Terms) (of a ship) to strike the sea bed
31. to arrive at something solid or stable after discussing or dealing with topics that are abstract or inconclusive
32. (modifier) situated on, living on, or used on the ground: ground frost; ground forces.
33. (modifier) concerned with or operating on the ground, esp as distinct from in the air: ground crew; ground hostess.
34. (Botany) (modifier) (used in names of plants) low-growing and often trailing or spreading
vb
35. (tr) to put or place on the ground
36. (tr) to instruct in fundamentals
37. (tr) to provide a basis or foundation for; establish
38. (Aeronautics) (tr) to confine (an aircraft, pilot, etc) to the ground
39. (tr) informal to confine (a child) to the house as a punishment
40. (Electrical Engineering) the usual US word for earth16
41. (Nautical Terms) (tr) nautical to run (a vessel) aground
42. (Art Terms) (tr) to cover (a surface) with a preparatory coat of paint
43. (intr) to hit or reach the ground
[Old English grund; related to Old Norse grunn shallow, grunnr, grund plain, Old High German grunt]

ground

(ɡraʊnd)
vb
the past tense and past participle of grind
adj
1. (Mechanical Engineering) having the surface finished, thickness reduced, or an edge sharpened by grinding
2. (Mechanical Engineering) reduced to fine particles by grinding

ground1

(graʊnd)

n.
1. the solid surface of the earth; firm or dry land.
2. earth or soil: stony ground.
3. land having an indicated character: rising ground.
4. Often, grounds. a tract of land appropriated to a special use: picnic grounds; a hunting ground.
5. Often, grounds. the foundation or basis on which a belief or action rests; reason or cause: grounds for dismissal.
6. subject for discussion; topic: to go repeatedly over the same ground.
7. rational or factual support for one's position or attitude, as in a debate or argument: on firm ground.
8. the main surface or background in painting, decorative work, lace, etc.
9. the background in a visual field, contrasted with the figure.
10. a coating of a substance serving as a surface to be worked on, as in painting or etching.
11. grounds, dregs or sediment: coffee grounds.
12. grounds, the gardens, lawn, etc., surrounding and belonging to a building.
13. a conducting connection between an electric circuit or equipment and the earth or some other conducting body.
14. the bottom of a body of water.
15. the earth's solid or liquid surface; land or water.
adj.
17. situated on, at, or near the surface of the earth: a ground attack.
18. pertaining to the ground.
19. operating on land: ground forces.
v.t.
20. to lay or set on the ground.
21. to place on a foundation; fix firmly; settle or establish; found.
22. to instruct in elements or first principles: to ground students in science.
23. to furnish with a ground or background, as on decorative work.
24. to cover (wallpaper) with colors or other materials before printing.
25. to establish a ground for (an electric circuit, device, etc.).
26. to cause (a vessel) to run aground.
27. to restrict (an aircraft or pilot) to the ground; prevent from flying.
28. Informal. to restrict the activities, esp. the social activities, of, usu. as a punishment.
v.i.
29. to come to or strike the ground.
30. to hit a ground ball in baseball.
31. ground out, Baseball. to be put out at first base after hitting a ground ball to the infield.
Idioms:
1. break ground,
a. to plow.
b. to begin excavation for a construction project.
c. Also, break new ground. to do something original or innovative.
2. cover ground,
a. to travel over a certain area.
b. to make some progress.
3. from the ground up,
a. gradually from the most elementary level to the highest level.
b. extensively; thoroughly.
4. gain ground,
a. to make progress; advance.
b. to gain approval or acceptance.
5. give ground, to yield to a superior force or forceful argument; retreat.
6. hold or stand one's ground, to maintain one's position; be steadfast.
7. lose ground, to lose one's advantage; fail to advance.
8. off the ground, into action or well under way: The play never got off the ground.
9. on one's own ground, in an area or situation that one knows well.
10. on the ground, at the place of interest or importance: the situation on the ground.
11. shift ground, to change position in an argument or situation.
12. to ground,
a. into a den, burrow, shelter, or the like: a fox gone to ground.
b. into concealment or hiding.
Idioms:
take the high ground, to take a position of advantage or superiority.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English grund, c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon grund, Old High German grunt]

ground2

(graʊnd)

v.
1. a pt. and pp. of grind.
adj.
2. reduced to fine particles by grinding.
3. having the surface abraded or roughened by or as if by grinding.

ground

(ground)
1. The solid surface of the Earth; land.
2. A connection between an electrical conductor and the Earth.
3. A point in an electrical system where the voltage is zero.

floor

ground
1. 'floor'

The floor of a room is the flat part you walk on.

The book fell to the floor.

A floor of a building is all the rooms on a particular level.

I went up the stairs to the third floor.

You say that something is on a particular floor.

My office is on the second floor.

Be Careful!
Don't say that something is 'in' a particular floor.

2. 'ground'

You don't normally refer to the surface of the earth as the 'floor'. You call it the ground.

He set down his backpack on the ground.
The ground was very wet and muddy.

However, the surface of the earth in a forest is sometimes referred to as the forest floor, and the land under the sea is sometimes called the sea floor or the ocean floor.

The forest floor is not rich in vegetation.
Some species are mainly found on the sea floor.

ground


Past participle: grounded
Gerund: grounding

Imperative
ground
ground
Present
I ground
you ground
he/she/it grounds
we ground
you ground
they ground
Preterite
I grounded
you grounded
he/she/it grounded
we grounded
you grounded
they grounded
Present Continuous
I am grounding
you are grounding
he/she/it is grounding
we are grounding
you are grounding
they are grounding
Present Perfect
I have grounded
you have grounded
he/she/it has grounded
we have grounded
you have grounded
they have grounded
Past Continuous
I was grounding
you were grounding
he/she/it was grounding
we were grounding
you were grounding
they were grounding
Past Perfect
I had grounded
you had grounded
he/she/it had grounded
we had grounded
you had grounded
they had grounded
Future
I will ground
you will ground
he/she/it will ground
we will ground
you will ground
they will ground
Future Perfect
I will have grounded
you will have grounded
he/she/it will have grounded
we will have grounded
you will have grounded
they will have grounded
Future Continuous
I will be grounding
you will be grounding
he/she/it will be grounding
we will be grounding
you will be grounding
they will be grounding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grounding
you have been grounding
he/she/it has been grounding
we have been grounding
you have been grounding
they have been grounding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grounding
you will have been grounding
he/she/it will have been grounding
we will have been grounding
you will have been grounding
they will have been grounding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grounding
you had been grounding
he/she/it had been grounding
we had been grounding
you had been grounding
they had been grounding
Conditional
I would ground
you would ground
he/she/it would ground
we would ground
you would ground
they would ground
Past Conditional
I would have grounded
you would have grounded
he/she/it would have grounded
we would have grounded
you would have grounded
they would have grounded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ground - the solid part of the earth's surfaceground - the solid part of the earth's surface; "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"; "the earth shook for several minutes"; "he dropped the logs on the ground"
object, physical object - a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow; "it was full of rackets, balls and other objects"
archipelago - a group of many islands in a large body of water
beachfront - a strip of land running along a beach
cape, ness - a strip of land projecting into a body of water
coastal plain - a plain adjacent to a coast
earth, globe, world - the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on; "the Earth moves around the sun"; "he sailed around the world"
floor - the ground on which people and animals move about; "the fire spared the forest floor"
foreland - land forming the forward margin of something
timberland, woodland, forest, timber - land that is covered with trees and shrubs
island - a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
isthmus - a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
land mass, landmass - a large continuous extent of land
mainland - the main land mass of a country or continent; as distinguished from an island or peninsula
neck - a narrow elongated projecting strip of land
oxbow - the land inside an oxbow bend in a river
peninsula - a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
champaign, plain, field - extensive tract of level open land; "they emerged from the woods onto a vast open plain"; "he longed for the fields of his youth"
slash - an open tract of land in a forest that is strewn with debris from logging (or fire or wind)
wonderland - a place or scene of great or strange beauty or wonder
2.ground - a rational motive for a belief or action; "the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration"
rational motive - a motive that can be defended by reasoning or logical argument
occasion - reason; "there was no occasion for complaint"
account, score - grounds; "don't do it on my account"; "the paper was rejected on account of its length"; "he tried to blame the victim but his success on that score was doubtful"
wherefore, why - the cause or intention underlying an action or situation, especially in the phrase `the whys and wherefores'
3.ground - the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface; "they dug into the earth outside the church"
moraine - accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr - a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
saprolite - a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
dirt, soil - the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
4.ground - a relation that provides the foundation for something; "they were on a friendly footing"; "he worked on an interim basis"
foundation - the basis on which something is grounded; "there is little foundation for his objections"
common ground - a basis agreed to by all parties for reaching a mutual understanding
5.ground - a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle); "they gained ground step by step"; "they fought to regain the lost ground"
military position, position - a point occupied by troops for tactical reasons
6.ground - the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foregroundground - the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"
panorama, vista, view, aspect, scene, prospect - the visual percept of a region; "the most desirable feature of the park are the beautiful views"
7.ground - material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil"
object, physical object - a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow; "it was full of rackets, balls and other objects"
badlands - deeply eroded barren land
bottomland, bottom - low-lying alluvial land near a river
coastland - land in a coastal area
ploughland, plowland, tillage, tilled land, cultivated land, farmland, tilth - arable land that is worked by plowing and sowing and raising crops
overburden - the surface soil that must be moved away to get at coal seams and mineral deposits
permafrost - ground that is permanently frozen
polder - low-lying land that has been reclaimed and is protected by dikes (especially in the Netherlands)
rangeland - land suitable for grazing livestock
scablands - (geology) flat elevated land with poor soil and little vegetation that is scarred by dry channels of glacial origin (especially in eastern Washington)
greensward, sod, sward, turf - surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots
wetland - a low area where the land is saturated with water
8.ground - a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused
percept, perception, perceptual experience - the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
figure - a unitary percept having structure and coherence that is the object of attention and that stands out against a ground
9.ground - a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
connecter, connector, connective, connection, connexion - an instrumentality that connects; "he soldered the connection"; "he didn't have the right connector between the amplifier and the speakers"
electricity - a physical phenomenon associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons
10.ground - (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
artistic creation, artistic production, art - the creation of beautiful or significant things; "art does not need to be innovative to be good"; "I was never any good at art"; "he said that architecture is the art of wasting space beautifully"
surface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
11.ground - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surfaceground - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
coat of paint - a layer of paint covering something else
couch - a flat coat of paint or varnish used by artists as a primer
Verb1.ground - fix firmly and stablyground - fix firmly and stably; "anchor the lamppost in concrete"
fasten, fix, secure - cause to be firmly attached; "fasten the lock onto the door"; "she fixed her gaze on the man"
2.ground - confine or restrict to the ground; "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"
restrain, confine, hold - to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement; "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"; "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"; "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"; "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom"
3.ground - place or put on the ground
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
4.ground - instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
instruct, teach, learn - impart skills or knowledge to; "I taught them French"; "He instructed me in building a boat"
5.ground - bring to the ground; "the storm grounded the ship"
land - bring ashore; "The drug smugglers landed the heroin on the beach of the island"
6.ground - hit or reach the ground
arrive at, reach, attain, gain, hit, make - reach a destination, either real or abstract; "We hit Detroit by noon"; "The water reached the doorstep"; "We barely made it to the finish line"; "I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts"
7.ground - throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
football, football game - any of various games played with a ball (round or oval) in which two teams try to kick or carry or propel the ball into each other's goal
ground - hit onto the ground
throw - propel through the air; "throw a frisbee"
8.ground - hit a groundball; "he grounded to the second baseman"
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
hit - cause to move by striking; "hit a ball"
ground - hit onto the ground
9.ground - hit onto the ground
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
hit - cause to move by striking; "hit a ball"
ground - hit a groundball; "he grounded to the second baseman"
ground - throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage
10.ground - cover with a primerground - cover with a primer; apply a primer to
paint - apply paint to; coat with paint; "We painted the rooms yellow"
11.ground - connect to a ground; "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"
earth - connect to the earth; "earth the circuit"
connect, link, link up, tie - connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces; "Can you connect the two loudspeakers?"; "Tie the ropes together"; "Link arms"
12.ground - use as a basis for; found on; "base a claim on some observation"
build - found or ground; "build a defense on nothing but the accused person's reputation"

ground

noun
1. earth, land, dry land, terra firma We slid down the roof and dropped to the ground.
2. soil, earth, dust, mould, dirt, terrain, sod, clod, loam the marshy ground of the river delta
3. land, country, field, turf, terrain, area, tract a stretch of waste ground
4. arena, pitch, stadium, park (informal), field, enclosure the city's football ground
plural noun
2. reason, cause, basis, argument, call, base, occasion, foundation, excuse, premise, motive, justification, rationale, inducement In the interview he gave some grounds for optimism.
3. dregs, lees, deposit, sediment Place the coffee grounds in the bottom and pour hot water over them.
verb
1. base, found, establish, set, settle, fix Her argument was grounded in fact.
2. instruct, train, prepare, coach, teach, inform, initiate, tutor, acquaint with, familiarize with Make sure the children are properly grounded in the basics.

ground

noun
1. The lowest or supporting part or structure:
2. That on which something immaterial, such as an argument or a charge, rests.Often used in plural:
3. A basis for an action or a decision.Often used in plural:
4. A fact or circumstance that gives logical support to an assertion, claim, or proposal.Often used in plural:
Idiom: why and wherefore.
5. That which provides a reason or justification.Often used in plural:
Idiom: why and wherefore.
verb
1. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
2. To provide a basis for:
Translations
أَرْضأرْضمَلْعَبيَرْتَطِم المَرْكَب في القاعيَعْتَمِد عَلى
zeměhrištěpozemekuváznoutuzemnit
jordlandjordbasere påbegrundegå på grund
kehysmaamaadoittaamaanpintamaaperä
temeljititlo
leföldel
grundvallajörî, grundsetja í flugbannstrandavöllur
地面地面に置く
(…에) 근거를 두다
aizliegt startētaugsnefutbola laukumspamatotuzskriet uz sēkļa
grondhuisarrest gevenneuteronderbouwenvliegverbod opleggen
zakázať štart
igriščemletparktlavrt
markställa på markenbackebakgrundbelägga med flygförbud
พื้นดินมีหลักฐานเพียงพอ
yerzeminalandayandırmakkaraya oturtmak
dựa trênmặt đất

ground

1 [graʊnd]
A. N
1. (= soil) → tierra f, suelo m
2. (= terrain) → terreno m
high/hilly groundterreno m alto/montañoso
to break new groundhacer algo nuevo
common groundterreno m común
to cover a lot of ground (lit) → recorrer una gran distancia
he covered a lot of ground in his lectureabarcó mucho en la clase
to be on dangerous groundentrar en territorio peligroso
to be on firm groundhablar con conocimiento de causa
to gain groundganar terreno
to go to ground [fox] → meterse en su madriguera; [person] → esconderse, refugiarse
to hold one's ground (lit, fig) = to stand one's ground
to be on (one's) home groundtratar materia que uno conoce a fondo
to lose groundperder terreno
to run sb to groundlocalizar (por fin) a algn, averiguar el paradero de algn
to shift one's groundcambiar de postura
to stand one's ground (lit) → no ceder terreno (fig) → mantenerse firme
to be on sure ground = to be on firm ground to cut the ground from under sb's feetquitarle terreno a algn
it suits me down to the groundme conviene perfectamente, me viene de perilla
see also prepare A
3. (= surface) → suelo m, tierra f
above groundsobre la tierra
below grounddebajo de la tierra
to fall to the ground (lit) → caerse al suelo (fig) → fracasar
to get off the ground [aircraft] → despegar; [plans etc] → ponerse en marcha
on the grounden el suelo
see also raze
4. (= pitch) → terreno m, campo m
they won on their own groundganaron en su propio terreno
see also parade D
see also recreation
5. (= estate, property) → tierras fpl
6. grounds (= gardens) → jardines mpl, parque msing
7. (Art etc) (= background) → fondo m, trasfondo m
on a blue groundsobre un fondo azul
8. (US) (Elec) → tierra f
9. (= reason) (usu pl) → razón f, motivo m; (= basis) → fundamento m
grounds for complaintmotivos mpl de queja
what ground(s) do you have for saying so?¿en qué se basa para decir eso?
on the ground(s) ofcon motivo de ..., por causa de ..., debido a ...
on the ground(s) thata causa de que ..., por motivo de que ...
on good groundscon razón
on medical groundspor razones de salud
B. VT
1. [+ ship] → varar, hacer encallar
2. [+ plane, pilot] → obligar a permanecer en tierra
he ordered the planes to be groundedordenó que permaneciesen los aviones en tierra
to be grounded by bad weatherno poder despegar por el mal tiempo
3. (US) (Elec) → conectar con tierra
4. (= teach) to ground sb in mathsenseñar a algn los rudimentos de las matemáticas
to be well grounded intener un buen conocimiento de, estar versado en
5. (esp US) [+ student] → encerrar, no dejar salir
C. VI (Naut) → encallar, varar; (lightly) → tocar (on en)
D. CPD ground attack Nataque m de tierra (Aer) → ataque m a superficie
ground bass Nbajo m rítmico
ground colour Nfondo m, primera capa f
ground control N (Aer) → control m desde tierra
ground crew N (Aer) → personal m de tierra
ground floor N (Brit) → planta f baja
ground-floor flat (Brit) → piso m or (LAm) departamento m de planta baja
he got in on the ground floorempezó por abajo
ground forces NPL (Mil) → fuerzas fpl de tierra
ground frost Nescarcha f
ground ivy Nhiedra f terrestre
ground level Nnivel m del suelo
ground plan Nplano m, planta f
ground pollution Ncontaminación f del suelo
ground rent N (esp Brit) → alquiler m del terreno
ground rules NPLreglas fpl básicas
we can't change the ground rules at this stagea estas alturas no podemos cambiar las reglas
ground staff N = ground crew ground wire N (US) → cable m de toma de tierra
Ground Zero Nzona f cero

ground

2 [graʊnd]
A. PT & PP of grind
B. ADJ [coffee etc] → molido; [glass] → deslustrado (US) [meat] → picado
C. N grounds [of coffee] → poso msing, sedimento msing
D. CPD ground beef N (US) → picadillo m

ground

[ˈgraʊnd]
pt
pp of grind
n
(= surface of earth) → terre f
on the ground [sit, lie, put] → par terre
We sat on the ground → Nous nous sommes assis par terre.; (as opposed to in the air, on water)à terre
the facilities on the ground → les installations au sol
to be thin on the ground (British)être rare, ne pas être nombreux/euse
to throw sth on the ground → jeter qch par terre
to throw sth to the ground → jeter qch par terre
to pick sth up off the ground → ramasser qch par terre
to raze sth to the ground → raser complètement qch
to burn sth to the ground → raser qch par le feu
below ground → sous terre
above ground → en surface
to get off the ground (= get started) → démarrer
to suit sb down to the ground (British)aller comme un gant à qn
to cover a lot of ground (= cover many topics)
He covered a lot of ground in his lecture → Sa conférence a traité un grand nombre de questions. (= cover in depth)
He covered a lot of ground in his lecture → Sa conférence a traité la question en profondeur.
(= earth) → sol m
The ground's wet → Le sol est mouillé.
to be fertile ground for sb (fig)être un terrain propice à qn
to be fertile ground for sth (= productive of) → être un terrain propice à qch
to prepare the ground for sth (fig)préparer le terrain pour qch
to break new ground (fig)innover
to go to ground (= disappear) → se terrer
(= land) → terrain m
sacred ground → terres fpl sacrées
(= strength) to gain ground → gagner du terrain
to lose ground → perdre du terrain
(= pitch, field) → terrain m
a football ground → un terrain de football parade ground, recreation ground
(= reason) → raison f
We've got grounds for complaint → Nous avons des raisons de nous plaindre.
on that ground (= for that reason) → pour cette raison
on health grounds [retire, resign] → pour des raisons de santé
on humanitarian grounds → pour des raisons humanitaires
grounds for sth [+ divorce, appeal, complaint] → motifs de qch
to give grounds for sth [+ optimism, concern] → donner des raisons de qch
to have grounds for doing sth → avoir des raisons de faire qch
on the grounds of (= because of) → pour raison de
on the grounds that ... (= giving as one's reason that) → en raison du fait que ...
(in contest, discussion, argument) to find the middle ground → trouver le juste milieu
to change one's ground, to shift one's ground → changer son fusil d'épaule
to shift one's ground on sth → changer son fusil d'épaule au sujet de qch
to stand one's ground (against attackers)tenir bon
to stand one's ground, to hold one's ground (against critics)être ferme
to hold its ground [theory] → tenir bon
a theory that has held its ground for nearly six decades → une théorie qui tient bon depuis près de soixante ans
to be on safe ground (= secure) → être sur un terrain familier
to be on shaky ground (= vulnerable) → être dans une position délicate
neutral ground → terrain neutre
to meet on neutral ground → se rencontrer en terrain neutre
common ground → terrain d'entente
to find common ground → trouver un terrain d'entente
(US) (also ground wire) → terre f
vt
[+ plane] → empêcher de décoller, retenir au sol
to be grounded by bad weather → être retenu(e) au sol à cause du mauvais temps
[+ child] → empêcher de sortir
(US) (= earth) [+ electrical appliance] → équiper d'une prise de terre, mettre à la terre
vi (ship)s'échouer
adj
[coffee, spice] → moulu(e)
(US) [meat] → haché(e)
grounds npl
[house, school] → enceinte m
[coffee] → marc mground almonds nplamandes fpl piléesground attack noffensive f terrestre

ground

:
ground advantage
n (Sport) → Platzvorteil m
ground alert
n (Mil) → Alarmbereitschaft f; (Aviat) → Startbereitschaft f
ground attack
nBodenangriff m
groundbait
nGrundköder m
ground bass
nGrundbass m
ground-breaking
adjumwälzend; research etcbahnbrechend
ground coat
nGrundanstrich m
ground colour, (US) ground color
nUntergrund m; (= undercoat)Grundierfarbe f
ground conditions
pl (Sport) → Platzverhältnisse pl
ground control
n (Aviat) → Bodenkontrolle f
ground cover
n (Hort) → Bodenvegetation f
ground crew
nBodenpersonal nt

ground

:
ground floor
nErdgeschoss nt, → Erdgeschoß nt (Aus); to get in on the ground (fig)gleich zu Anfang einsteigen (inf)
ground fog
nBodennebel m
ground forces
pl (Mil) → Bodentruppen pl, → Landstreitkräfte pl
ground frost
nBodenfrost m
groundhog
n (US) → Waldmurmeltier nt

ground

:
ground ivy
nGundelrebe f, → Gundermann m
groundkeeper
n (US) = groundsman
ground-launched
adj missilebodengestützt
groundless
ground level
nBoden m; below groundunter dem Boden
ground note
n (Mus) → Grundton m
groundnut
nErdnuss f
ground pass
n (Sport) → Flachpass m
ground plan
nGrundriss m
ground rent
nGrundrente f
ground rules
plGrundregeln pl

ground

:
groundspeed
nBodengeschwindigkeit f
ground squirrel
nErdhörnchen nt
ground staff
n (Aviat) → Bodenpersonal nt; (Sport) → Platzwarte pl
ground stroke
n (Tennis) → nicht aus der Luft gespielter Ball
groundswell
nDünung f; (fig)Anschwellen nt, → Zunahme f; there was a growing ground of public opinion against himdie Öffentlichkeit wandte sich zunehmend gegen ihn
ground-to-air missile
nBoden-Luft-Rakete f
ground-to-ground missile
nBoden-Boden-Flugkörper m
ground troops
pl (Mil) → Bodentruppen pl
ground water
nGrundwasser nt
groundwire
n (US Elec) → Erdleitung f
groundwork
nVorarbeit f; to do the ground for somethingdie Vorarbeit für etw leisten
ground zero
n
(of atomic bomb) → Bodennullpunkt m
(fig)absoluter Nullpunkt; to start at groundbei null anfangen
(Hist) Ground Zero Gelände, auf dem am 11. September 2001 das World Trade Center in New York City einstürzte

ground

1
n
(= soil, terrain, fig) → Boden m; snow on high groundSchnee in höheren Lagen; hilly groundhügeliges Gelände; how much ground do you own?wie viel Grund und Boden or wie viel Land besitzen Sie?; the middle ground of politicsdie politische Mitte; there is common ground between usuns verbindet einiges; they found common ground in the fact that …die Tatsache, dass …, verband sie; to be on dangerous ground (fig)sich auf gefährlichem Boden bewegen; to be on firm or sure groundfesten or sicheren Boden unter den Füßen haben; (fig)sich auf sicherem Boden bewegen; on familiar groundauf vertrautem Boden; to meet somebody on his own groundzu jdm kommen; to be beaten on one’s own groundauf dem eigenen Gebiet geschlagen werden; to cut the ground from under somebody or somebody’s feetjdm den Boden unter den Füßen wegziehen; to gain/lose groundBoden gewinnen/verlieren; (disease, rumour) → um sich greifen/im Schwinden begriffen sein; to lose ground to somebody/somethinggegenüber jdm/etw an Boden verlieren; to give ground to somebody/somethingvor jdm/etw zurückweichen; to regain the ground lost to somebodyseine Position jdm gegenüber zurückerobern; to break new ground (lit, fig)neue Gebiete erschließen; (person) → sich auf ein neues or unbekanntes Gebiet begeben; to prepare the ground for somethingden Boden für etw vorbereiten; to go over the ground (fig)alles durchgehen; to cover the/a lot of ground (lit)die Strecke/eine weite Strecke zurücklegen; (fig)das Thema/eine Menge Dinge behandeln; that covers the grounddas umreißt das Thema; to hold or stand one’s ground (lit)nicht von der Stelle weichen; (fig)seinen Mann stehen, sich nicht unterkriegen lassen; to shift or change one’s ground (fig)seine Haltung ändern ? foot N b
(= surface)Boden m; above/below groundüber/unter der Erde; (Min) → über/unter Tage; (fig)unter den Lebenden/unter der Erde; to fall to the ground (lit)zu Boden fallen; (fig, plans) → ins Wasser fallen, sich zerschlagen; to sit on the groundauf der Erde or dem Boden sitzen; our hopes were dashed to the groundunsere Hoffnungen wurden am Boden zerstört; to burn something to the groundetw niederbrennen; to raze something to the groundetw dem Erdboden gleichmachen; it suits me down to the grounddas ist ideal für mich; to get off the ground (plane etc) → abheben; (fig: plans, project etc) → sich realisieren; to go to ground (fox) → im Bau verschwinden; (person) → untertauchen (inf); to run a fox to groundeinen Fuchs aufstöbern; to run somebody/something to groundjdn/etw aufstöbern, jdn/etw ausfindig machen; to run somebody/oneself into the ground (inf)jdn/sich selbst fertigmachen (inf); to run a car into the ground (inf)ein Auto schrottreif fahren
(= pitch)Feld nt, → Platz m; (= parade ground, drill ground)Platz m; hunting groundsJagdgebiete pl; fishing groundsFischgründe pl
grounds pl (= premises, land)Gelände nt; (= gardens)Anlagen pl; a house standing in its own groundsein von Anlagen umgebenes Haus
grounds pl (= sediment)Satz m; let the coffee grounds settlewarten Sie, bis sich der Kaffee gesetzt hat
(= background)Grund m; on a blue groundauf blauem Grund
(US Elec) → Erde f
(= sea-bed)Grund m
(= reason)Grund m; to have ground(s) for somethingGrund zu etw haben; to be ground(s) for somethingGrund für or zu etw sein; to give somebody ground(s) for somethingjdm Grund zu etw geben; grounds for divorceScheidungsgrund m; grounds for dismissalEntlassungsgrund m/-gründe pl; grounds for suspicionVerdachtsmomente pl; on the grounds of…aufgrund … (gen), → auf Grund (gen), → aufgrund or auf Grund von …; on the grounds that …mit der Begründung, dass …; on health groundsaus gesundheitlichen Gründen
vt
shipauflaufen lassen, auf Grund setzen; to be groundedaufgelaufen sein
(Aviat) plane (for mechanical reasons) → aus dem Verkehr ziehen; pilotsperren, nicht fliegen lassen; to be grounded by bad weather/a strikewegen schlechten Wetters/eines Streiks nicht starten or fliegen können
(= punish) childHausarrest erteilen (+dat); she was grounded for a weeksie hatte eine Woche Hausarrest
(US Elec) → erden
(= base) to be grounded on somethingsich auf etw (acc)gründen, auf etw (dat)basieren; the story wasn’t grounded in realitydie Geschichte hatte keinen Bezug zur Wirklichkeit
to ground somebody in a subjectjdm die Grundlagen eines Faches beibringen; to be well grounded in Englishgute Grundkenntnisse im Englischen haben
vi (Naut) → auflaufen

ground

2 pret, ptp of grind
adj glassmatt; coffeegemahlen; ground riceReismehl nt; freshly ground black pepperfrisch gemahlener schwarzer Pfeffer; ground meat (US) → Hackfleisch nt

ground

1 [graʊnd]
1. n
a. (soil) → terra, suolo, terreno
b. (terrain) → terreno
high ground → altura
hilly ground → zona collinosa
to gain/lose ground → guadagnare/perdere terreno
to be on dangerous ground → muoversi su un terreno minato
it suits me down to the ground → mi sta or va benissimo
to cut the ground from under sb's feet → tagliare le gambe a qn
c. (surface) → terra; (background) → terreno, sfondo
on the ground → per terra, a terra
above ground → in superficie
below ground → sottoterra
to fall to the ground → cadere a or per terra or al suolo (fig) → andare in fumo
to get off the ground (aircraft) → decollare (plans) → prendere il via
to stand one's ground → mantenere le proprie posizioni
he covered a lot of ground in his lecture → ha toccato molti argomenti nel corso della conferenza
d. (Sport) → campo (also football ground) → campo di calcio grounds npl (gardens) → giardini mpl
e. grounds npl (of coffee) → fondi mpl (di caffè)
f. (Am) (Elec) (also ground wire) → (presa a) terra
g. (reason, usu pl) → ragione f, motivo
on medical grounds → per motivi di salute
grounds for complaint → motivo or ragione di lamentarsi
on the ground(s) that → per il motivo che
2. vt
a. (plane, pilot) → bloccare a terra; (ship) → far incagliare
b. (argument, hope) → basare
c. (Am) (Elec) → mettere a terra
3. vi (Naut) → incagliarsi, arenarsi

ground

2 [graʊnd]
1. pt, pp of grind
2. adj (coffee, pepper) → macinato/a
ground glass → vetro smerigliato
ground rice → farina di riso

ground2

(graund) noun
1. the solid surface of the Earth. lying on the ground; high ground.
2. a piece of land used for some purpose. a football ground.
verb
1. to base. His argument is grounded on a series of wrong assumptions.
2. to (cause a ship to) hit the seabed or shore and remain stuck.
3. to prevent (an aeroplane, pilot) from flying. All planes have been grounded because of the fog.
ˈgrounding noun
the teaching of the basic facts of a subject. a good grounding in mathematics.
ˈgroundless adjective
without reason. Your fears are groundless.
grounds noun plural
1. the garden or land round a large house etc. the castle grounds.
2. good reasons. Have you any grounds for calling him a liar?
3. the powder which remains in a cup (eg of coffee) which one has drunk. coffee grounds.
ground floor
the rooms of a building which are at street level. My office is on the ground floor; (also adjective) a ground-floor flat.
groundnutpeanutˈgroundwork noun
work done in preparation for beginning a project etc.
break new ground
to deal with a subject for the first time.
cover ground
to deal with a certain amount of work etc. We've covered a lot of ground at this morning's meeting.
get (something) off the ground
to get (a project etc) started.
hold one's ground
to refuse to move back or retreat when attacked. Although many were killed, the soldiers held their ground.
lose ground
to (be forced to) move back or retreat. The general sent in reinforcements when he saw that his troops were losing ground.

ground

أَرْض, يَعْتَمِد عَلى zakládat se, země basere på, jord auf Grund setzen, Boden έδαφος, προσγειώνω poner en tierra, terreno maa, määrätä lentokieltoon fonder, sol temeljiti, tlo basare, terreno 地面, 地面に置く (…에) 근거를 두다, 땅 grond, onderbouwen bakke, sette på bakken grunt, oprzeć aterrissar, baseado, chão земля, обосновывать förbjuda att flyga, mark พื้นดิน, มีหลักฐานเพียงพอ öğütmek, yer dựa trên, mặt đất 地面, 基于

ground

n. base; suelo; terreno;
a. pp. de to grind, molido-a.

ground

pret & pp de grind

ground

n suelo, tierra; (electrical) toma de tierra
References in classic literature ?
A cluster of grave yet cheerful pansies on a deeper purple ground was pronounced very appropriate and pretty, and beth worked away early and late, with occasional lifts over hard parts.
In the fall one walks in the orchards and the ground is hard with frost under- foot.
Tom and his father lived in the village of Shopton, New York, and their factories covered many acres of ground.
No, there was nothing but land--slightly undulating, I knew, because often our wheels ground against the brake as we went down into a hollow and lurched up again on the other side.
But not so did it seem to Ahab, who knew the sets of all tides and currents; and thereby calculating the driftings of the sperm whale's food; and, also, calling to mind the regular, ascertained seasons for hunting him in particular latitudes; could arrive at reasonable surmises, almost approaching to certainties, concerning the timeliest day to be upon this or that ground in search of his prey.
I gave a loud, shrill neigh for help; again and again I neighed, pawing the ground impatiently, and tossing my head to get the rein loose.
It was a wild, forsaken road, now winding through dreary pine barrens, where the wind whispered mournfully, and now over log causeways, through long cypress swamps, the doleful trees rising out of the slimy, spongy ground, hung with long wreaths of funeral black moss, while ever and anon the loathsome form of the mocassin snake might be seen sliding among broken stumps and shattered branches that lay here and there, rotting in the water.
We laid it under ground, of course, and it was all finished in a couple of hours or so.
The stems of the trees are trim and straight, and in many places all the ground is hidden for miles under a thick cushion of moss of a vivid green color, with not a decayed or ragged spot in its surface, and not a fallen leaf or twig to mar its immaculate tidiness.
The next staircase is approached by a ladder, and ends at the fourth story from the ground.
But before her death she called her husband to her and said, 'Never let the child put his feet on the ground, for as soon as he does so he will fall into the power of a wicked Fairy, who will do him much harm.
They sow and reap here in every season, the ground is always producing, and the fruits ripen throughout the year; so great, so charming is the variety, that the whole region seems a garden laid out and cultivated only to please.