gruff


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gruff

 (grŭf)
adj. gruff·er, gruff·est
1. Brusque or stern in manner or appearance: a gruff reply.
2. Hoarse; harsh: a gruff voice.

[Dutch grof, from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German.]

gruff′ly adv.
gruff′ness n.
Synonyms: gruff, brusque, blunt2, curt
These adjectives mean abrupt and sometimes discourteous in manner or speech. Gruff implies roughness or surliness but does not necessarily suggest rudeness: a decent fellow once you get past the gruff manner. Brusque emphasizes rude abruptness: dismissed us with a brusque wave of the hand. Blunt stresses utter frankness and usually a disconcerting directness: was blunt in her disapproval of the idea. Curt denotes usually rude briefness and abruptness of speech: a curt, two-line letter of rejection.

gruff

(ɡrʌf)
adj
1. rough or surly in manner, speech, etc: a gruff reply.
2. (of a voice, bark, etc) low and throaty
[C16: originally Scottish, from Dutch grof, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German girob; related to Old English hrēof, Lithuanian kraupùs]
ˈgruffish adj
ˈgruffly adv
ˈgruffness n

gruff

(grʌf)

adj. -er, -est.
1. low and harsh; hoarse: a gruff voice.
2. rough, brusque, or surly: a gruff manner.
[1525–35; < Middle Dutch grof coarse, c. Old High German grob]
gruff′ly, adv.
gruff′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.gruff - brusque and surly and forbidding; "crusty remarks"; "a crusty old man"; "his curmudgeonly temper"; "gruff manner"; "a gruff reply"
ill-natured - having an irritable and unpleasant disposition
2.gruff - deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion; "gruff voices"; "the dog's gruff barking"; "hoarse cries"; "makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson
cacophonic, cacophonous - having an unpleasant sound; "as cacophonous as a henyard"- John McCarten

gruff

adjective
1. hoarse, rough, harsh, rasping, husky, low, croaking, throaty, guttural He picked up the phone expecting to hear the chairman's gruff voice.
hoarse sweet, smooth, mellifluous

gruff

adjective
1. Rudely unceremonious:
2. Low and grating in sound:
Translations
غليظ، أجَشفَظ، غير وُدّي
chraplavýdrsnýnevrlý
bryskgrovhæsstuds
rekedtes
hranalegurrámur, hás
gergždžiančiu balsugergždžiantisstačiokiškumas
nedraudzīgsparupjšpiesmacisskarbs

gruff

[grʌf] ADJ (gruffer (compar) (gruffest (superl))) [voice] → ronco; [manner] → brusco

gruff

[ˈgrʌf] adj [voice] → bourru(e); [exterior] → bourru(e)

gruff

adj voicebarsch; (= brusque) person, mannerbarsch, schroff; exteriorbärbeißig

gruff

[grʌf] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl))) → burbero/a

gruff

(graf) adjective
1. deep and rough. a gruff voice.
2. (seeming to be) unfriendly. a gruff old man.
ˈgruffly adverb
ˈgruffness noun
References in classic literature ?
The gruff tones of Hugo's voice, with an occasional shout when his feelings overcame him, were very impressive, and the audience applauded the moment he paused for breath.
said he in a deep voice,--a voice which, had it come from the throat of an uncultivated man, would have been gruff, but, by dint of careful training, was now sufficiently agreeable,--"I was not aware that Miss Hepzibah Pyncheon had commenced business under such favorable auspices.
As we were walking down the end of the wharf towards the ship, Queequeg carrying his harpoon, Captain Peleg in his gruff voice loudly hailed us from his wigwam, saying he had not suspected my friend was a cannibal, and furthermore announcing that he let no cannibals on board that craft, unless they previously produced their papers.
So, although the order was fairly given out in Haley's hearing, and carried to Aunt Chloe by at least half a dozen juvenile messengers, that dignitary only gave certain very gruff snorts, and tosses of her head, and went on with every operation in an unusually leisurely and circumstantial manner.
Fairfax's voice, and Leah's, and the cook's--that is, John's wife--and even John's own gruff tones.
He had a sweet, low manner of speaking, and pronounced his words as you do: that's less gruff than we talk here, and softer.
I hope there ain't, but I can't make so 'Nation sure of that," said the guard, in gruff soliloquy.
The ancient tower of a church, whose gruff old bell was always peeping slily down at Scrooge out of a Gothic window in the wall, became invisible, and struck the hours and quarters in the clouds, with tremulous vibrations afterwards as if its teeth were chattering in its frozen head up there.
Max, unaware of her reason for choosing the longest way home, remonstrated by halting in the middle of the lane, wagging his tail rapidly, and uttering gruff barks.
On a slope to the left there was a long row of guns, gruff and maddened, denouncing the enemy, who, down through the woods, were forming for another attack in the pitiless mo- notony of conflicts.
he cried, in the gruff, peremptory tones of a soldier's challenge.
His answer would have been a gruff, "Give me size," as I heard another man reply to a remark praising the handiness of a small vessel.