guanine


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gua·nine

 (gwä′nēn′)
n. Abbr. G
A purine base, C5H5ON5, that is an essential constituent of both RNA and DNA.

[From guano, in which it is found.]

guanine

(ˈɡwɑːniːn; ˈɡuːəˌniːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a white almost insoluble compound: one of the purine bases in nucleic acids. Formula: C5H5N5O
[C19: from guano + -ine2]

gua•nine

(ˈgwɑ nin)

n.
a purine base, C5H5N5O, that is a fundamental constituent of DNA and RNA, in which it forms base pairs with cytosine. Symbol: G Compare guanosine.
[1845–55; guan (o) + -ine2]

gua·nine

(gwä′nēn′)
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pair with cytosine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.guanine - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
purine - any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
Translations
Guanin
guanina

gua·nine

n. guanine, constituyente de DNA y RNA.
References in periodicals archive ?
DNA's coding sequence is described by four base pairs: cytosine, guanine, adenine, and thymine.
VAL-083 (dianhydrogalactitol), a DNA-targeting agent that introduces interstrand DNA cross-links at the N7-position of guanine leading to DNA double-strand breaks and cancer cell death, has demonstrated clinical activity against a range of cancers including GBM and ovarian cancer in historical clinical trials.
Just as computers transmit information with long strings of 0s and 1s, DNA stores information with the special molecules adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine and uracil, known in shorthand by their initials.
The interaction of dietary F:C ratios and time of sampling significantly influenced the nucleic acid bases concentrations with the exception of guanine bases (Table 4).
Together guanine (G), adenine (A), thymine (T) and cytosine (C) make up the letters of the genetic code.
The company stated VAL-083 (dianhydrogalactitol) is a "first-in-class", DNA-targeting agent that introduces interstrand DNA cross-links at the N7-position of guanine leading to DNA double-strand breaks and cancer cell death.
5) The second group of proteins are guanine-nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs), which are recruited to the vicinity of the plasma membrane upon RTK activation and stimulate the exchange of guanine nucleotide triphosphate (GTP) for guanine nucleotide diphosphate (GDP) in a group of small guanine triphosphatases (GTPases).
We examined the effect of a guanine to adenine substitution at position 308 in the TNFalpha gene (TNFalpha G308A) on psychomotor vigilance performance impairment during total sleep deprivation.
The concentration of thymine, adenine, cytosine and guanine in blood samples were observed within 0.
When taken together, two DNA Markers--methylation of the vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 3 (VAV3) and zinc finger protein 682 (ZNF682) genes--were 100% specific and 100% sensitive for Barrett's esophagus, with an AUC of 1.
The two DNA strands are complementary to each other: adenine is always paired with thymine and guanine pairs with cytosine.
It includes any method or technology that is used to determine the order of the four bases (adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine) in a strand of DNA.

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