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bear leader The traveling tutor or guardian of well-heeled, aristocratic youths of the 18th century. Horace Walpole used the term in his Letters to Sir Horace Mann (1749):
She takes me for his bear-leader, his travelling governor.
The phrase is said to have come from the old practice of leading muzzled bears around the streets and having them perform in order to attract attention and money.
hand on the torch To pass on or transfer the tradition of enlightenment and knowledge to succeeding generations. The allusion is to the ancient Greek torch races, precursors of the Olympics, in which a lighted torch was passed from one runner to the next in the manner of modern-day relay races. Because of the brilliance of its light, the torch has long been symbolic of enlightenment and learning. The expression dates from at least 1887.
lick into shape To make suitable or presentable; to develop, mold, or give form to. This expression refers to the belief, prevalent until the 17th century, that bear cubs are born as amorphous masses that assume the normal ursiform appearance only if they are licked into shape by their mother. This mistaken assumption was based on information in The History of Animals by Aristotle (384-327 B.C.) and The Canon of Medicine by Avicenna (979-1037), an Arab physician. Despite its unsound origin, the expression is extremely common.
Their proposals … would be licked, by debate … into practicable shape. (The Spectator, December 12, 1891)
The French expression ours mal léché ‘an improperly licked bear’ is used colloquially to describe a boorish person. Whip into shape and beat into shape are variations of lick into shape which refer to a different definition of lick, i.e., ‘to strike or hit,’ yet they retain the connotation of the original expression.
take in tow To guide, lead, take charge of, or assume responsibility for. Originally said of pulling a vessel through water with a rope, this expression applies figuratively to one person leading another. This use of take in tow dates from the 18th century.
A young lama … took me in tow, and conducted me to all the tents. (James Gilmour, Among the Mongols, 1883)
Current usage frequently implies a need for discipline and control.
take under one’s wing To protect, care for, or watch over; to nourish or nurture; to rear, teach. This expression alludes to a mother hen’s protecting her chicks by taking them under her wing.
I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings … (Matthew 23:37)
They fled for their lives to find safety under Pompey’s wing in Capua. (James Froude, Caesar; A Sketch, 1879)
Although implying protection, take under one’s wing is most often applied in contexts where an experienced person takes it upon himself to show a neophyte “the ropes.”
|Noun||1.||guidance - something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action|
road map, guideline - a detailed plan or explanation to guide you in setting standards or determining a course of action; "the president said he had a road map for normalizing relations with Vietnam"
career counseling - counseling on career opportunities
cynosure - something that provides guidance (as Polaris guides mariners); "let faith be your cynosure to walk by"
genetic counseling - guidance for prospective parents on the likelihood of genetic disorders in their future children
marriage counseling - counseling on marital problems and disagreements
|2.||guidance - the act of guiding or showing the way|
|3.||guidance - the act of setting and holding a course; "a new council was installed under the direction of the king"|
driving - the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal
control - the activity of managing or exerting control over something; "the control of the mob by the police was admirable"
aim - the action of directing something at an object; "he took aim and fired"
celestial guidance - a method of controlling the flight of a missile or spacecraft by reference to the positions of celestial bodies
inertial guidance, inertial navigation - a method of controlling the flight of a missile by devices that respond to inertial forces
command guidance - a method of controlling the flight of a missile by commands originating from the ground or from another missile
terrestrial guidance - a method of controlling the flight of a missile by devices that respond to the strength and direction of the earth's gravitational field
guidance[ˈgaɪdəns] n → conseils mpl
under the guidance of → conseillé(e) par, encadré(e) par, sous la conduite de
guidance on sth → conseils en matière de qch
guidance on doing sth → conseils sur la façon de faire qch vocational guidance, marriage guidanceguidance system n [missile, rocket] → système m de guidage