guillotine


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guil·lo·tine

 (gĭl′ə-tēn′, gē′ə-)
n.
1. A device consisting of a heavy blade held aloft between upright guides and dropped to behead a person condemned to die.
2. An instrument, such as a paper cutter, similar in action to a guillotine.
tr.v. guil·lo·tined, guil·lo·tin·ing, guil·lo·tines
1. To behead with a guillotine.
2. To cut with a guillotine or sharp blade.

[French, after Joseph Ignace Guillotin, (1738-1814), French physician.]
Word History: Ironically, the guillotine—the most notable symbol of the excesses of the French Revolution—was named for a humanitarian physician, Joseph Ignace Guillotin. On October 10, 1789, in a speech given before the French National Constituent Assembly (the legislature that governed France at the time), Guillotin recommended that executions be performed with a beheading device rather than by hanging, the method traditionally used for commoners, or by beheading with the sword, the method traditionally reserved for the nobility. Guillotin argued that beheading by machine was quicker and less painful than the work of the rope and the sword. In 1791 the Assembly did indeed adopt beheading by machine as the state's preferred method of execution. A beheading device designed by Dr. Antoine Louis, secretary of the College of Surgeons, was first used on April 25, 1792, to execute a highwayman. The device was called a louisette or louison after its inventor's name, but because of Guillotin's famous speech, his name became irrevocably associated with the machine. After Guillotin's death in 1814, his children tried unsuccessfully to get the device's name changed. When their efforts failed, they were allowed to change their name instead.

guillotine

n
1. (Law)
a. a device for beheading persons, consisting of a weighted blade set between two upright posts
b. the guillotine execution by this instrument
2. (Mechanical Engineering) a device for cutting or trimming sheet material, such as paper or sheet metal, consisting of a blade inclined at a small angle that descends onto the sheet
3. (Surgery) a surgical instrument for removing tonsils, growths in the throat, etc
4. (Parliamentary Procedure) Also called: closure by compartment (in Parliament, etc) a form of closure under which a bill is divided into compartments, groups of which must be completely dealt with each day
vb (tr)
5. (Law) to behead (a person) by guillotine
6. (Parliamentary Procedure) (in Parliament, etc) to limit debate on (a bill, motion, etc) by the guillotine
[C18: from French, named after Joseph Ignace Guillotin (1738–1814), French physician, who advocated its use in 1789]
ˌguilloˈtiner n

guil•lo•tine

art at guild
(ˈgɪl əˌtin, ˈgi ə-; esp. for v. ˌgɪl əˈtin, ˌgi ə-)

n., v. -tined, -tin•ing. n.
1. a device for beheading a person, consisting of a heavy blade that drops between two posts serving to guide its fall.
2. any of various machines or instruments that cut powerfully and quickly, esp. one with a blade that drops vertically, as for trimming metal, paper, etc.
v.t.
3. to behead by the guillotine.
4. to cut with or as if with a guillotine.
[1785–95; < French, after J. I. Guillotin (1738–1814), French physician who urged its use]

guillotine


Past participle: guillotined
Gerund: guillotining

Imperative
guillotine
guillotine
Present
I guillotine
you guillotine
he/she/it guillotines
we guillotine
you guillotine
they guillotine
Preterite
I guillotined
you guillotined
he/she/it guillotined
we guillotined
you guillotined
they guillotined
Present Continuous
I am guillotining
you are guillotining
he/she/it is guillotining
we are guillotining
you are guillotining
they are guillotining
Present Perfect
I have guillotined
you have guillotined
he/she/it has guillotined
we have guillotined
you have guillotined
they have guillotined
Past Continuous
I was guillotining
you were guillotining
he/she/it was guillotining
we were guillotining
you were guillotining
they were guillotining
Past Perfect
I had guillotined
you had guillotined
he/she/it had guillotined
we had guillotined
you had guillotined
they had guillotined
Future
I will guillotine
you will guillotine
he/she/it will guillotine
we will guillotine
you will guillotine
they will guillotine
Future Perfect
I will have guillotined
you will have guillotined
he/she/it will have guillotined
we will have guillotined
you will have guillotined
they will have guillotined
Future Continuous
I will be guillotining
you will be guillotining
he/she/it will be guillotining
we will be guillotining
you will be guillotining
they will be guillotining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been guillotining
you have been guillotining
he/she/it has been guillotining
we have been guillotining
you have been guillotining
they have been guillotining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been guillotining
you will have been guillotining
he/she/it will have been guillotining
we will have been guillotining
you will have been guillotining
they will have been guillotining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been guillotining
you had been guillotining
he/she/it had been guillotining
we had been guillotining
you had been guillotining
they had been guillotining
Conditional
I would guillotine
you would guillotine
he/she/it would guillotine
we would guillotine
you would guillotine
they would guillotine
Past Conditional
I would have guillotined
you would have guillotined
he/she/it would have guillotined
we would have guillotined
you would have guillotined
they would have guillotined

guillotine


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An execution machine named for its inventor and first used in April 1792. Also called “the national razor.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.guillotine - closure imposed on the debate of specific sections of a billguillotine - closure imposed on the debate of specific sections of a bill
cloture, gag law, gag rule, closure - a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
2.guillotine - instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles; used for beheading people
instrument of execution - an instrument designed and used to take the life of a condemned person
Verb1.guillotine - kill by cutting the head off with a guillotine; "The French guillotined many Vietnamese while they occupied the country"
behead, decapitate, decollate - cut the head of; "the French King was beheaded during the Revolution"
Translations
آلة قص الأوراقمِقصَلَهيَقْطَعُ رأس
gilotinagilotinovatřezačkaseříznoutuříznout
guillotineguillotinerehalshuggeskæreskæremaskine
guillotinenyaktilópapírvágó géplenyakaz
fallöxi-höggva; skerapappírsskeri
giljotinagiljotinuotipjaustomoji mašina
giljotīnagiljotinētpapīra griežamā mašīna
gilotínarezačkasťať gilotínou
giyotingiyotinle idam etmekkâğıt kesme bıçağı

guillotine

[ˌgɪləˈtiːn]
A. Nguillotina f
B. VTguillotinar

guillotine

[ˈgɪlətiːn] n
(for executions)guillotine f
to go to the guillotine → aller à la guillotine
(for paper)massicot m

guillotine

n
Guillotine f, → Fallbeil nt
(for paper) → (Papier)schneidemaschine f
(Parl) → Beschränkung fder Diskussionszeit
vt
personmit der Guillotine or dem Fallbeil hinrichten
paperschneiden
(Parl) billdie Diskussionszeit einschränken für

guillotine

[gɪləˈtiːn] nghigliottina; (for paper) → taglierina

guillotine

(ˈgilətiːn) noun
1. in France, an instrument for cutting criminals' heads off.
2. a machine for cutting paper.
verb
to cut the head off (a person) or to cut (paper) with a guillotine.

guil·lo·tine

n. guillotina, instrumento quirúrgico.
References in classic literature ?
According to the received code in such matters, it would have been nothing short of duty, in a politician, to bring every one of those white heads under the axe of the guillotine.
What this folk needed, then, was a Reign of Terror and a guillotine, and I was the wrong man for them.
The word "wife" seemed to serve as a gloomy reminder to Defarge, to say with sudden impatience, "In the name of that sharp female newly-born, and called La Guillotine, why did you come to France?
When we had shaken hands and he was gone, I opened the staircase window and had nearly beheaded myself, for, the lines had rotted away, and it came down like the guillotine.
To him the victory of the tricolor meant the resurrection of Montagne, which this time should surely bring the nobility down to the dust by means more certain than that of the guillotine, because less violent.
For a long, hot, gaunt month he and his little troop had scoured the places of the desert waste in search of a band of marauders to the sin-stained account of which were charged innumerable thefts of camels, horses, and goats, as well as murders enough to have sent the whole unsavory gang to the guillotine several times over.
The only difference consists in the opposite character of the equality advocated by these two men; one is the equality that elevates, the other is the equality that degrades; one brings a king within reach of the guillotine, the other elevates the people to a level with the throne.
The wars, the guillotine and exile had reduced it to two, one of which was despotic in her government, so far as theory was concerned at least; possibly, at times, a little so in practice.
I will have my hands full keeping your neck from beneath the guillotine.
Do you know, though," cried the prince warmly, "you made that remark now, and everyone says the same thing, and the machine is designed with the purpose of avoiding pain, this guillotine I mean; but a thought came into my head then: what if it be a bad plan after all?
Midway between her face and the ceiling, there hovered a human head-- severed at the neck, like a head struck from the body by the guillotine.
by the guillotine during the period of that instrument's activity.