gum


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gum 1

 (gŭm)
n.
1.
a. Any of various viscous substances that are exuded by certain plants and trees and dry into water-soluble, noncrystalline, brittle solids.
b. A similar plant exudate, such as a resin.
c. Any of various adhesives made from such exudates or other sticky substance.
2. A substance resembling the viscous substance exuded by certain plants, as in stickiness.
3.
a. Any of various trees, especially of the genera Eucalyptus and Liquidambar, that are sources of gum. Also called gum tree.
b. The wood of such a tree; gumwood.
4. Chewing gum.
v. gummed, gum·ming, gums
v.tr.
To cover, smear, seal, fill, or fix in place with gum.
v.intr.
1. To exude or form gum.
2. To become sticky or clogged.
Phrasal Verb:
gum up
To ruin or bungle: gum up the works.

[Middle English gomme, from Old French, from Late Latin gumma, variant of Latin gummi, cummi, from Greek kommi, perhaps from Egyptian ḳmj-t.]

gum 2

 (gŭm)
n.
The firm connective tissue covered by mucous membrane that envelops the alveolar arches of the jaw and surrounds the bases of the teeth. Also called gingiva.
tr.v. gummed, gum·ming, gums
To chew (food) with toothless gums.

[Middle English gome, from Old English gōma, palate, jaw.]

gum

(ɡʌm)
n
1. (Plants) any of various sticky substances that exude from certain plants, hardening on exposure to air and dissolving or forming viscous masses in water
2. (Plants) any of various products, such as adhesives, that are made from such exudates
3. (Chemistry) any sticky substance used as an adhesive; mucilage; glue
4. (Plants) NZ short for kauri gum
6. (Cookery) chiefly Brit a gumdrop
vb, gums, gumming or gummed
7. to cover or become covered, clogged, or stiffened with or as if with gum
8. (tr) to stick together or in place with gum
9. (intr) to emit or form gum
[C14: from Old French gomme, from Latin gummi, from Greek kommi, from Egyptian kemai]
ˈgumless adj
ˈgumˌlike adj

gum

(ɡʌm)
n
(Anatomy) the fleshy tissue that covers the jawbones around the bases of the teeth. Technical name: gingiva
[Old English gōma jaw; related to Old Norse gōmr, Middle High German gūme, Lithuanian gomurīs]

gum

(ɡʌm)
n
used in the mild oath by gum!
[C19: euphemism for God]

GUM

abbreviation for
(Medicine) genitourinary medicine

gum1

(gʌm)

n., v. gummed, gum•ming. n.
1. any of various viscid, amorphous exudations from plants, hardening on exposure to air and soluble in or forming a viscid mass with water.
2. any of various similar exudations, as resin.
3. a sticky, adhesive preparation of such a plant substance, as for use in the arts or bookbinding.
6. the adhesive by which a postage stamp is affixed.
v.t.
7. to smear, stiffen, or stick together with gum.
8. to clog with or as if with a gummy substance.
v.i.
9. to exude or form gum.
10. to become gummy.
11. to become clogged with a gummy substance.
12. gum up, Slang. to spoil or ruin.
[1350–1400; gomme < Old French « Latin gummi, cummi < Greek kómmi < Egyptian kmyt]
gum′less, adj.

gum2

(gʌm)

n., v. gummed, gum•ming. n.
1. Often, gums. Also called gingiva. the firm, fleshy tissue covering the surfaces of the jaws and enveloping the necks of the teeth.
v.t.
2. to masticate with toothless gums.
3. to shape or renew the teeth of (a saw).
[1275–1325; Middle English gome, Old English gōma palate; akin to Old High German guomo, Old Norse gōmr palate]

gum 1

(gŭm)
A sticky substance that is produced by certain plants and trees and dries into a brittle solid that dissolves in water.

gum 2

The firm connective tissue that surrounds and supports the bases of the teeth.

gum


Past participle: gummed
Gerund: gumming

Imperative
gum
gum
Present
I gum
you gum
he/she/it gums
we gum
you gum
they gum
Preterite
I gummed
you gummed
he/she/it gummed
we gummed
you gummed
they gummed
Present Continuous
I am gumming
you are gumming
he/she/it is gumming
we are gumming
you are gumming
they are gumming
Present Perfect
I have gummed
you have gummed
he/she/it has gummed
we have gummed
you have gummed
they have gummed
Past Continuous
I was gumming
you were gumming
he/she/it was gumming
we were gumming
you were gumming
they were gumming
Past Perfect
I had gummed
you had gummed
he/she/it had gummed
we had gummed
you had gummed
they had gummed
Future
I will gum
you will gum
he/she/it will gum
we will gum
you will gum
they will gum
Future Perfect
I will have gummed
you will have gummed
he/she/it will have gummed
we will have gummed
you will have gummed
they will have gummed
Future Continuous
I will be gumming
you will be gumming
he/she/it will be gumming
we will be gumming
you will be gumming
they will be gumming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gumming
you have been gumming
he/she/it has been gumming
we have been gumming
you have been gumming
they have been gumming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gumming
you will have been gumming
he/she/it will have been gumming
we will have been gumming
you will have been gumming
they will have been gumming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gumming
you had been gumming
he/she/it had been gumming
we had been gumming
you had been gumming
they had been gumming
Conditional
I would gum
you would gum
he/she/it would gum
we would gum
you would gum
they would gum
Past Conditional
I would have gummed
you would have gummed
he/she/it would have gummed
we would have gummed
you would have gummed
they would have gummed

Gum

Colloquial expression for a beehive. The expression apparently came from an early practice of using sections of a hollow black gum log for a hive.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gum - a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewinggum - a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing
confection, sweet - a food rich in sugar
gum ball - a ball of chewing gum with a coating of colored sugar
bubble gum - a kind of chewing gum that can be blown into bubbles
chicle, chicle gum - gum-like substance from the sapodilla
2.gum - the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teethgum - the tissue (covered by mucous membrane) of the jaws that surrounds the bases of the teeth
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
mouth, oral cavity, oral fissure, rima oris - the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge; "he stuffed his mouth with candy"
3.gum - any of various substances (soluble in water) that exude from certain plants; they are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying
liquidambar, sweet gum - aromatic exudate from the sweet gum tree
eucalyptus gum, eucalyptus kino, red gum - reddish-brown dried gummy exudation from any of several trees of the genus Eucalyptus especially Eucalyptus camaldulensis
balata, gutta balata - when dried yields a hard substance used e.g. in golf balls
ammoniac, gum ammoniac - the aromatic gum of the ammoniac plant
carrageenan, carrageenin - a colloidal extract from carrageen seaweed and other red algae
conima - a gum resin from the poison hemlock, Conium maculatum
dragon's blood - a dark red resinous substance derived from various trees and used in photoengraving
euphorbium, gum eurphorbium - an acrid brown gum resin now used mainly in veterinary medicine
exudate, exudation - a substance that oozes out from plant pores
frankincense, gum olibanum, olibanum, thus - an aromatic gum resin obtained from various Arabian or East African trees; formerly valued for worship and for embalming and fumigation
galbanum, gum albanum - a bitter aromatic gum resin that resembles asafetida
ghatti, ghatti gum - an Indian gum from the dhawa tree; used as a substitute for gum arabic
agar-agar, agar - a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods
algin, alginic acid - a gum used especially as a thickener or emulsifier
cherry-tree gum - exudation from trees of the Prunus genus; resembles gum arabic
chicle, chicle gum - gum-like substance from the sapodilla
guar gum - a gum from seeds of the guar plant; used to thicken foods and as sizing for paper and cloth
gum acacia, gum arabic - gum from an acacia tree; used as a thickener (especially in candies and pharmaceuticals)
Bengal kino, butea gum, butea kino, gum butea - dried juice of the dhak tree; used as an astringent
gum kino, kino, kino gum - a gum obtained from various tropical plants; used as an astringent and in tanning
mesquite gum - a gum obtained from mesquite pods; resembles gum arabic
mucilage - a gelatinous substance secreted by plants
karaya gum, sterculia gum - exudate of an Asian tree; used for finishing textiles and to thicken foodstuffs and cosmetics
gutta-percha - a whitish rubber derived from the coagulated milky latex of gutta-percha trees; used for insulation of electrical cables
lacquer - a black resinous substance obtained from certain trees and used as a natural varnish
opopanax - an odorous gum resin formerly used in medicines
gum sangapenum, sangapenum - a variety of gum
tragacanth - a gum used in pharmacy, adhesives, and textile printing
4.gum - cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesivegum - cement consisting of a sticky substance that is used as an adhesive
animal glue - a protein gelatin obtained by boiling e.g. skins and hoofs of cattle and horses
casein glue - made from casein; used for e.g. plywood and cabinetwork
fish glue - gelatinous substance obtained by boiling skins fins and bones of fish
marine glue - glue that is not water soluble
cement - something that hardens to act as adhesive material
5.gum - wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
hazelwood, satin walnut, sweet gum, red gum - reddish-brown wood and lumber from heartwood of the sweet gum tree used to make furniture
gum tree, gum - any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
6.gum - any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gumgum - any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
liquidambar - any tree of the genus Liquidambar
gumwood, gum - wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
eucalypt, eucalyptus tree, eucalyptus - a tree of the genus Eucalyptus
tupelo tree, tupelo - any of several gum trees of swampy areas of North America
tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
Verb1.gum - cover, fill, fix or smear with or as if with gum; "if you gum the tape it is stronger"
apply, put on - apply to a surface; "She applied paint to the back of the house"; "Put on make-up!"
2.gum - grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty; "the old man had no teeth left and mumbled his food"
chew, manducate, masticate, jaw - chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth; "He jawed his bubble gum"; "Chew your food and don't swallow it!"; "The cows were masticating the grass"
3.gum - become sticky
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
4.gum - exude or form gum; "these trees gum in the Spring"
exudate, exude, ooze out, transude, ooze - release (a liquid) in drops or small quantities; "exude sweat through the pores"

gum

1
noun
1. glue, adhesive, resin, cement, paste a pound note that had been torn in half and stuck together with gum
verb
1. stick, glue, affix, cement, paste, clog a mild infection in which the baby's eyelashes can become gummed together

gum

2 noun
Related words
technical name gingiva
adjective gingival
Translations
صِمْغعِلْك، لُبانلُبانلُثَّهمادَّة صمغيَّه
dáseňžvýkačkagumový bonbónlepidloslepit
tyggegummivingummigummegummiklistre
igekumminätsvaik
ikenetkumi
žvakaća guma
gómurhlauplímlímatannhold
粘性ゴム
아교
košļājamā gumijaledenelīmesalīmētsmaganas
ďasnogumený cukrík
lepiložvečilni gumi
tuggummi
หมากฝรั่ง
gôm

gum

1 [gʌm] N (Anat) → encía f

gum

2 [gʌm]
A. N (gen) → goma f; (= glue) → goma f, pegamento m, cemento m (LAm) (also chewing gum) → chicle m; (= sweet) → pastilla f de caramelo
B. VT (= stick together) → pegar con goma (also gum down) [+ label, envelope] → pegar
C. CPD gum arabic Ngoma f arábiga
gum up VT + ADV (fig) → estropear, paralizar
to gum up the worksmeter un palo en la rueda

gum

3 [gʌm] EXCL by gum!¡caramba!

gum

[ˈgʌm]
n
(part of the mouth)gencive f
(also chewing-gum) → chewing-gum m
(= glue) → colle f
(= sweet) → boule f de gomme
vt (= stick) → coller
gum up
vt sepbousiller
to gum up the works → bousiller tout

gum

:
gumboil
nZahnfleischabszess m
gumboot
nGummistiefel m
gumdrop
nWeingummi m

gum

:
gumshield
nZahnschutz m
gumshoe (US)
n
(= overshoe)Überschuh m, → Galosche f; (= gym shoe)Turnschuh m
(sl: = detective) → Schnüffler(in) m(f) (inf)
vi (sl: = move stealthily) → schleichen
gumtree
nGummibaum m; (Austral) → Eukalyptusbaum m, → Eukalyptus m; to be up a gum (Brit inf) → aufgeschmissen sein (inf)

gum

1
n (Anat) → Zahnfleisch nt no pl

gum

2
n
Gummi nt; (= gumtree)Gummibaum m; (= glue)Klebstoff m
(= chewing gum)Kaugummi m; (= sweet)Weingummi m
(US inf) = gumshoe
vt (= stick together)kleben; (= spread gum on)gummieren

gum

3
n (dated inf) by gum!Teufel noch mal! (dated sl)

gum

1 [gʌm] n (Anat) → gengiva

gum

2 [gʌm]
1. n (glue) → colla (also gum tree) → albero della gomma; (chewing gum) → gomma americana, chewing-gum m inv; (sweet) → caramella gommosa
2. vt (stick together) → incollare, ingommare (also gum down) (label) → attaccare, incollare
gummed label → etichetta adesiva
gum up vt + adv to gum up the works (fam) → mettere il bastone tra le ruote

gum1

(gam) noun
(usually in plural) the firm flesh in which the teeth grow.
ˈgumboil noun
a painful swelling in the gum.

gum2

(gam) noun
1. a sticky juice got from some trees and plants.
2. a glue. We can stick these pictures into the book with gum.
3. a type of sweet. a fruit gum.
4. chewing-gum. He chews gum when he is working.
verbpast tense, past participle gummed
to glue with gum. I'll gum this bit on to the other one.
ˈgummy adjective
ˈgumminess noun

gum

لُبان žvýkačka tyggegummi Gummi κόμμι chicle, encía kumi gomme žvakaća guma gomma 粘性ゴム 아교 gom gummi guma chiclete, pastilha elástica жевательная резинка tuggummi หมากฝรั่ง sakız gôm 口香糖

gum

n. encía. V.: gingiva, goma;
chewing ___goma de mascar, pop. chicle.

gum

n goma; (dent, frec. pl) encía; chewing — chicle m, goma de mascar; to chew — mascar or masticar chicle; vt (food) masticar con las encías (dicho de las personas que no tienen dientes)
References in classic literature ?
This much-enduring man had succeeded in banishing chewing gum after a long and stormy war, had made a bonfire of the confiscated novels and newspapers, had suppressed a private post office, had forbidden distortions of the face, nicknames, and caricatures, and done all that one man could do to keep half a hundred rebellious girls in order.
You are at the foot of Glenn's," returned the other, speaking aloud, without fear of consequences within the roar of the cataract; "and the next thing is to make a steady landing, lest the canoe upset, and you should go down again the hard road we have traveled faster than you came up; 'tis a hard rift to stem, when the river is a little swelled; and five is an unnatural number to keep dry, in a hurry-skurry, with a little birchen bark and gum.
Donavan was sent for; and luckily he happened to just come in from Harley Street, so he stepped over directly, and as soon as ever he saw the child, be said just as we did, that it was nothing in the world but the red gum, and then Charlotte was easy.
She fitted and arranged the gray wig with the dexterity which constant practice had given her; fixed the false eyebrows (made rather large, and of hair darker than the wig) carefully in their position with the gum she had with her for the purpose, and stained her face with the customary stage materials, so as to change the transparent fairness of her complexion to the dull, faintly opaque color of a woman in ill health.
I should as soon think of trimming gum shoes with satin, as to trim a handkerchief in that style.
I do not know what Aurelia's daily habits of life are, because I have not the opportunity of observing her at all times; but from what I see of the state of her desk, books, and papers, I should say she is slovenly and even dirty; her outward dress, as I have said, is well attended to, but in passing behind her bench, I have remarked that her neck is gray for want of washing, and her hair, so glossy with gum and grease, is not such as one feels tempted to pass the hand over, much less to run the fingers through.
These nuts are then hermetically sealed with a resinous gum, and the vegetable fragrance of their green rind soon imparts to the oil a delightful odour.
Dis I saw pefore I know him three months, und Bertran he haf saw the same; and Bimi, der orang-outang, baf understood us both, mit his cigar between his big-dog teeth und der blue gum.
He caught the snake behind the hood, forced the mouth open with the blade of the knife, and showed the terrible poison-fangs of the upper jaw lying black and withered in the gum.
The balloon is composed of silk, varnished with the liquid gum caoutchouc.
I took up the envelope and saw scrawled in red ink upon the inner flap, just above the gum, the letter K three times repeated.
Athwart his back, diagonally, and extending high above his left shoulder, was an Arab gum of Saladin's time, that was splendid with silver plating from stock clear up to the end of its measureless stretch of barrel.