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n. pl. hal·o·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, halophilic, pigmented archaea of the genus Halobacterium, some of which produce bacteriorhodopsin to facilitate ATP synthesis during periods of oxygen deficiency.

[New Latin Halobactērium, genus name : halo- + bacterium (from the fact that archaea such as halobacteria were formerly classified as bacteria).]
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Noun1.halobacterium - halophiles in saline environments such as the Dead Sea or salt flats
halophil, halophile - archaebacteria requiring a salt-rich environment for growth and survival
References in periodicals archive ?
elongatus cyanobacteria and an archaean called Halobacterium salinarum.
The first representative of the group, Halobacterium salinarum, was found living on a salt-cured buffalo hide in the 1930s.
From morphological and biochemical tests; our isolates were found to be similar to Haloferax volcani and halobacterium sodomense, but most similar to Haloferax volcani with little differences such as H.
Halobacterium NRC-1 has 13 general transcription factors (GTFs), which are proteins that interact with control regions (promoters) of more than 2400 genes to direct organismal adaptation to environmental change.
Genomic sequencing reveals that the Halobacterium genome contains genes that are homologous to both eukaryotic and bacterial repair genes.
Thermoplasma acidophilum, Aeropyrum pernix, and Halobacterium sp.