harden


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hard·en

 (här′dn)
v. hard·ened, hard·en·ing, hard·ens
v.tr.
1. To make hard or harder: harden steel.
2. To enable to withstand physical or mental hardship: was hardened by years of working as a farmer.
3. To make unfeeling, unsympathetic, or callous: The betrayal hardened his heart against intimacy.
4. To make fixed, settled, or less subject to change: "The incident only hardened existing attitudes while vanquishing any hope of collaboration" (Philip Dray).
5. To make less vulnerable to attack by surrounding with earth or concrete: harden missile silos.
v.intr.
1. To become hard or harder.
2. To become fixed, settled, or less subject to change: "Her early skepticism has hardened into cynicism" (Kelly Braffet).
3. To become inured.
4. To take on a disapproving or severe appearance: His face hardened with suspicion.
5. To rise and become stable. Used of prices.
Synonyms: harden, acclimate, acclimatize, season, toughen
These verbs mean to make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure: was hardened to frontier life; is acclimated to the tropical heat; was acclimatized by long hours to overwork; became seasoned to life in prison; has become toughened by adversity.

harden

(ˈhɑːdən)
vb
1. to make or become hard or harder; freeze, stiffen, or set
2. to make or become more hardy, tough, or unfeeling
3. to make or become stronger or firmer: they hardened defences.
4. to make or become more resolute or set: hardened in his resolve.
5. (Commerce) (intr) commerce
a. (of prices, a market, etc) to cease to fluctuate
b. (of price) to rise higher

harden

(ˈhɑːdən)
n
(Textiles) a rough fabric made from hards

hard•en

(ˈhɑr dn)

v.t.
1. to make hard or harder.
2. to make pitiless or unfeeling: to harden one's heart.
3. to make rigid, hardy, or unyielding; reinforce; toughen.
4. to reinforce (a military or strategic installation) as protection against nuclear bombardment.
v.i.
5. to become hard or harder.
6. to become pitiless or unfeeling.
7. to become inured or unyielding.
[1150–1200]
hard′en•a•ble, adj.

harden


Past participle: hardened
Gerund: hardening

Imperative
harden
harden
Present
I harden
you harden
he/she/it hardens
we harden
you harden
they harden
Preterite
I hardened
you hardened
he/she/it hardened
we hardened
you hardened
they hardened
Present Continuous
I am hardening
you are hardening
he/she/it is hardening
we are hardening
you are hardening
they are hardening
Present Perfect
I have hardened
you have hardened
he/she/it has hardened
we have hardened
you have hardened
they have hardened
Past Continuous
I was hardening
you were hardening
he/she/it was hardening
we were hardening
you were hardening
they were hardening
Past Perfect
I had hardened
you had hardened
he/she/it had hardened
we had hardened
you had hardened
they had hardened
Future
I will harden
you will harden
he/she/it will harden
we will harden
you will harden
they will harden
Future Perfect
I will have hardened
you will have hardened
he/she/it will have hardened
we will have hardened
you will have hardened
they will have hardened
Future Continuous
I will be hardening
you will be hardening
he/she/it will be hardening
we will be hardening
you will be hardening
they will be hardening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been hardening
you have been hardening
he/she/it has been hardening
we have been hardening
you have been hardening
they have been hardening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been hardening
you will have been hardening
he/she/it will have been hardening
we will have been hardening
you will have been hardening
they will have been hardening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been hardening
you had been hardening
he/she/it had been hardening
we had been hardening
you had been hardening
they had been hardening
Conditional
I would harden
you would harden
he/she/it would harden
we would harden
you would harden
they would harden
Past Conditional
I would have hardened
you would have hardened
he/she/it would have hardened
we would have hardened
you would have hardened
they would have hardened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.harden - become hard or harder; "The wax hardened"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
encrust, incrust - form a crust or a hard layer
callus - form a callus or calluses; "His foot callused"
harden, indurate - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
calcify - become impregnated with calcium salts
cure - make (substances) hard and improve their usability; "cure resin"; "cure cement"; "cure soap"
soften - become soft or softer; "The bread will soften if you pour some liquid on it"
2.harden - make hard or harder; "The cold hardened the butter"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
face-harden - harden steel by adding carbon
callus - cause a callus to form on; "The long march had callused his feet"
anneal, temper, normalize - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling; "temper glass"
harden, indurate - become hard or harder; "The wax hardened"
soften - make soft or softer; "This liquid will soften your laundry"
3.harden - harden by reheating and cooling in oil; "temper steel"
modify - make less severe or harsh or extreme; "please modify this letter to make it more polite"; "he modified his views on same-gender marriage"
4.harden - make fit; "This trip will season even the hardiest traveller"
toughen - make tough or tougher; "This experience will toughen her"
5.harden - cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate; "He was inured to the cold"
callous, cauterise, cauterize - make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals
brace oneself for, prepare for, steel oneself against, steel onself for - prepare mentally or emotionally for something unpleasant
accustom, habituate - make psychologically or physically used (to something); "She became habituated to the background music"

harden

verb
1. solidify, set, freeze, cake, bake, clot, thicken, stiffen, crystallize, congeal, coagulate, anneal Mould the mixture into shape before it hardens.
2. accustom, season, toughen, train, brutalize, inure, habituate, case-harden hardened by the rigours of the Siberian steppes
3. reinforce, strengthen, fortify, steel, nerve, brace, toughen, buttress, gird, indurate Their action can only serve to harden the attitude of landowners.

harden

verb
1. To make or become physically hard:
2. To make firmer in a particular conviction or habit:
3. To make resistant to hardship, especially through continued exposure:
Translations
يَصْلَبُّ، يُصْبِحُ جامِدا
tvrdnoutvytvrditzatvrditzatvrdit seztuhnout
blive hård
harîna; herîa
tvrdnúťzatvrdiť sa
strditi se
sertleş mek

harden

[ˈhɑːdn]
A. VT
1. (= make hard) [+ substance] → endurecer; [+ steel] → templar; [+ skin] → curtir, endurecer
2. (= make tough, harsh) → endurecer
the experience had hardened herla experiencia la había endurecido
to harden sb to adversityacostumbrar a algn a hacerse fuerte ante la adversidad
to harden one's heart years of putting up with his violent outbursts had hardened her heartdespués de años de sufrir sus arranques de violencia se le había endurecido el corazón
she hardened her heart and refused to have him backhizo de tripas corazón or se hizo fuerte y se negó a aceptarlo de nuevo
3. (= make determined) these experiences hardened her resolveestas experiencias la afianzaron en su propósito
the workers' behaviour only served to harden the attitude of the managersel comportamiento de los obreros sólo contribuyó a reforzar la actitud de la dirección
4. (Comm) (= stabilize) → estabilizar, consolidar
B. VI
1. (= become hard) [clay, arteries, icing] → endurecerse; [cement] → fraguar
2. (= become harsh, severe) [person, expression, eyes] → endurecerse
his voice hardenedel tono de su voz se endurecióadoptó un tono más áspero
my heart hardened against hermi corazón se volvió contra ella
what happened only caused him to harden in his determination to continuelo que sucedió sólo le afianzó más en su propósito de seguir
3. (Comm) (= stabilize) [prices, economy] → estabilizarse, consolidarse

harden

[ˈhɑːrdən]
vt
[+ substance] → durcir; [+ steel] → tremper
(= make tougher) [+ person] → endurcir; [+ attitude, position, resolve] → consolider; [+ position, stance] → durcir
to harden one's heart → s'endurcir
vi
[substance] → durcir
[attitude, position, resolve] → se durcir; [face, expression] → se durcir

harden

vt steelhärten; body, muscleskräftigen, stählen (geh); person (physically) → abhärten; (emotionally) → verhärten (pej), → abstumpfen (pej); clayhart werden lassen; this hardened his attitudedadurch hat sich seine Haltung verhärtet; to harden oneself to something (physically) → sich gegen etw abhärten; (emotionally) → gegen etw unempfindlich werden; war had hardened the soldiers to death and killingder Krieg hatte die Soldaten gegen den Tod und das Töten abgestumpft; to harden one’s heart against somebodysein Herz gegen jdn verhärten (geh) ? hardened
vi (substance)hart werden; (fig, attitude) → sich verhärten; (St Ex: = cease to fluctuate) → sich festigen, sich stabilisieren; (= rise)anziehen; his voice hardenedseine Stimme wurde hart or bekam einen harten Klang; his eyes/face hardenedseine Augen bekamen/sein Gesicht bekam einen harten Ausdruck

harden

[ˈhɑːdn]
1. vt (gen) → indurire; (steel) → temprare (fig) (determination) → rafforzare
to harden one's heart → non lasciarsi commuovere
2. vi (substance) → indurirsi

hard

(haːd) adjective
1. firm; solid; not easy to break, scratch etc. The ground is too hard to dig.
2. not easy to do, learn, solve etc. Is English a hard language to learn?; He is a hard man to please.
3. not feeling or showing kindness. a hard master.
4. (of weather) severe. a hard winter.
5. having or causing suffering. a hard life; hard times.
6. (of water) containing many chemical salts and so not easily forming bubbles when soap is added. The water is hard in this part of the country.
adverb
1. with great effort. He works very hard; Think hard.
2. with great force; heavily. Don't hit him too hard; It was raining hard.
3. with great attention. He stared hard at the man.
4. to the full extent; completely. The car turned hard right.
ˈharden verb
to make or become hard. Don't touch the toffee till it hardens; Try not to harden your heart against him.
ˈhardness noun
ˈhardship noun
(something which causes) pain, suffering etc. a life full of hardship.
ˈhard-and-fast adjective
(of rules) that can never be changed or ignored.
ˈhard-back noun
a book with a hard cover. Hard-backs are more expensive than paperbacks.
ˌhard-ˈboiled adjective
(of eggs) boiled until the white and the yolk are solid.
hardˈdisk noun
a device that is fixed inside a computer and is used for storing information.
ˈhard-earned adjective
earned by hard work or with difficulty. I deserve every penny of my hard-earned wages.
ˌhard-ˈheaded adjective
practical; shrewd; not influenced by emotion. a hard-headed businessman.
ˌhard-ˈhearted adjective
not feeling or showing pity or kindness. a hard-hearted employer.
ˈhardware noun
1. metal goods such as pots, tools etc. This shop sells hardware.
2. the mechanical parts of a computer.
ˌhard-ˈwearing adjective
that will not wear out easily. a hard-wearing fabric.
be hard on
1. to punish or criticize severely. Don't be too hard on the boy – he's too young to know that he was doing wrong.
2. to be unfair to. If you punish all the children for the broken window it's a bit hard on those who had nothing to do with it.
hard at it
busy doing (something). I've been hard at it all day, trying to get this report finished.
hard done by
unfairly treated. You should complain to the headmaster if you feel hard done by.
hard lines/luck
bad luck. Hard lines/luck! I'm afraid you haven't won this time; It's hard luck that he broke his leg.
hard of hearing
rather deaf. He is a bit hard of hearing now.
a hard time (of it)
trouble, difficulty, worry etc. The audience gave the speaker a hard time of it at the meeting; The speaker had a hard time (of it) trying to make himself heard.
hard up
not having much especially money. I'm a bit hard up at the moment; I'm hard up for envelopes.

harden

v. endurecer, solidificar.

harden

vt, vi endurecer(se); hardened arteries arterias ateroscleróticas (form), arterias endurecidas
References in classic literature ?
Jo stood aloof, meanwhile, trying to harden her heart against him, and succeeding only in primming up her face into an expression of entire disapprobation.
Then, perhaps -- for there was no foreseeing how it might affect her -- Pearl would frown, and clench her little fist, and harden her small features into a stern, unsympathising look of discontent.
Of course, in a community so organized, what can a man of honorable and humane feelings do, but shut his eyes all he can, and harden his heart?
But somehow I couldn't seem to strike no places to harden me against him, but only the other kind.
Harden, be it observed, was the housekeeper: a woman after Mr.
The old Squire was an implacable man: he made resolutions in violent anger, and he was not to be moved from them after his anger had subsided-- as fiery volcanic matters cool and harden into rock.
All on a sudden some night it will come wailing in the wind outside your window, and you must blacken your heart and harden your face with another strangling grip of its slim appealing throat, another blow upon its angel eyes.
Where any of these wanted fortunes, I would provide them with convenient lodges round my own estate, and have some of them always at my table; only mingling a few of the most valuable among you mortals, whom length of time would harden me to lose with little or no reluctance, and treat your posterity after the same manner; just as a man diverts himself with the annual succession of pinks and tulips in his garden, without regretting the loss of those which withered the preceding year.
You must go down to Richmond at once, see Harden personally, and tell him to send twice as many orchids as I ordered, and to have as few white ones as possible.
His soul, often lacerated, could not harden itself to the sight of Stephanie's insanity; but he covenanted, so to speak, with his cruel situation, and found some assuaging of his sorrow.
But he possessed a compassionate heart, which not even religious prejudice could harden into stone.
The third step was to harden herself by telling the fact of the bought mince-pies to her intimate friend Mrs.