harsh


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Related to harsh: Harsh voice

harsh

 (härsh)
adj. harsh·er, harsh·est
1. Disagreeable to one of the senses, as:
a. Disagreeable to the sense of hearing: a harsh voice.
b. Disagreeable to the sense of sight: harsh lighting.
c. Unpleasantly coarse and rough to the touch: harsh burlap.
2. Unpleasant, uncomfortable, or hostile to survival: a harsh wilderness; a harsh winter.
3. Severe, cruel, or exacting: harsh punishment; a harsh overseer.
4. Disagreeable to the mind or feelings: harsh words.
5. Expressing displeasure or disapproval: gave me a harsh look.

[Middle English harsk, of Scandinavian origin.]

harsh′ly adv.
harsh′ness n.

harsh

(hɑːʃ)
adj
1. rough or grating to the senses
2. stern, severe, or cruel
vb
(tr) slang to cause (a state of elation) to be diminished or ended (esp in the phrases harsh someone's mellow and harsh someone's buzz)
[C16: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Middle Low German harsch, Norwegian harsk rancid]
ˈharshly adv
ˈharshness n

harsh

(hɑrʃ)

adj.
1. ungentle and unpleasant in action or effect: harsh treatment.
2. grim or unpleasantly severe; stern; cruel; austere: a harsh master.
3. physically uncomfortable; desolate; stark: a harsh land.
4. unpleasant to the ear; grating; strident: a harsh voice.
5. unpleasant or irritating to the body or the senses: harsh detergents.
[1300–50; probably in part < Middle Low German harsch, Middle English harsk (perhaps < Scandinavian)]
harsh′ly, adv.
harsh′ness, n.
syn: See stern1.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.harsh - unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors"
2.harsh - disagreeable to the senses; "the harsh cry of a blue jay"; "harsh cognac"; "the harsh white light makes you screw up your eyes"; "harsh irritating smoke filled the hallway"
unpleasant - disagreeable to the senses, to the mind, or feelings ; "an unpleasant personality"; "unpleasant repercussions"; "unpleasant odors"
3.harsh - of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles; "coarse meal"; "coarse sand"; "a coarse weave"
rough, unsmooth - having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"
4.harsh - unkind or cruel or uncivil; "had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"
unkind - lacking kindness; "a thoughtless and unkind remark"; "the unkindest cut of all"
5.harsh - severe; "a harsh penalty"
heavy - unusually great in degree or quantity or number; "heavy taxes"; "a heavy fine"; "heavy casualties"; "heavy losses"; "heavy rain"; "heavy traffic"
6.harsh - sharply disagreeableharsh - sharply disagreeable; rigorous; "the harsh facts of court delays"; "an abrasive character"
disagreeable - not to your liking; "a disagreeable situation"

harsh

adjective
1. severe, hard, tough, grim, stark, stringent, austere, Spartan, inhospitable, comfortless Hundreds of political detainees were held under harsh conditions.
2. bleak, cold, freezing, severe, bitter, icy The weather grew harsh and unpredictable.
3. cruel, savage, brutal, ruthless, relentless, unrelenting, barbarous, pitiless the harsh experience of war
4. hard, sharp, severe, bitter, cruel, stern, unpleasant, abusive, unkind, pitiless, unfeeling He said many harsh and unkind things.
hard loving, kind, sweet, gentle, pleasant, mild, agreeable, merciful
5. drastic, hard, severe, stringent, punitive, austere, Draconian, punitory more harsh laws governing the behaviour, status and even clothes of women

harsh

adjective
1. Having a surface that is not smooth:
2. Disagreeable to the sense of hearing:
3. Having a noticeably sharp pungent taste or smell:
4. Rigorous and unsparing in treating others:
5. Cold and forbidding:
6. Causing sharp, often prolonged discomfort:
Translations
خَشِنخَشِن، أجَشقاسٍ
drsnýhrubýkrutýostrýskřípavý
barskhårdstreng
ankara
oštar
skerandi; óòægilegurstrangur, harîur
厳しい
거친
griežtai
bargsgriezīgsskarbs
osterrezek
hård
รุนแรง
khắc nghiệt

harsh

[hɑːʃ] ADJ (harsher (compar) (harshest (superl)))
1. (= severe) [winter, weather, punishment] → duro, riguroso; [words] → duro, áspero; [remarks, criticism, conditions] → duro; [person, sentence] → duro, severo
to be harsh on sbser duro or severo con algn
2. (= too bright) [light] → fuerte; [colour] → chillón, estridente
3. (= rough) [fabric, material] → áspero
4. (= rough-sounding) [voice, sound] → áspero
5. (= strong) [detergent] → fuerte; [contrast] → violento

harsh

[ˈhɑːrʃ] adj
(= hard) [treatment] → sévère, dur(e); [punishment] → sévère; [words] → dur(e)
the harsh reality of sth → la dure réalité de qch
[climate, winter, weather] → rude
[sound] → discordant(e); [voice] → criard(e); [taste] → âpre; [light] → cru(e)
[chemical, detergent] → corrosif/ive

harsh

adj (+er)
(= inclement) winterhart, streng; weather, climate, environmentrau, unwirtlich; conditionshart
(= severe) words, remarks, criticismscharf; verdict, sentence, punishment, treatmenthart; disciplinestreng; harsh justiceein strenges Urteil; to be harsh with or on somebodyjdn hart anfassen; don’t be too harsh with himsei nicht zu streng mit or hart zu ihm
(= abrasive, grating) sound, voicerau, kratzig; breathingrasselnd; cleaner, detergentscharf; wool, fabricrau; taste, wine, whiskyherb; light, glare, coloursgrell; the harsh glare of the sundas grelle Sonnenlicht; the harsh cries of the seagullsdas Kreischen der Möwen
(= unpleasant, unwelcome) reality, facts, truthbitter

harsh

[hɑːʃ] adj (-er (comp) (-est (superl)))
a. (punishment, person) → severo/a, duro/a; (words) → duro/a; (weather) → rigido/a; (taste) → pungente
b. (discordant, voice) → sgradevole; (colour) → chiassoso/a, squillante; (light) → troppo forte; (contrast) → brusco/a

harsh

(haːʃ) adjective
1. (of people, discipline etc) very strict; cruel. That is a very harsh punishment to give a young child.
2. rough and unpleasant to hear, see, taste etc. a harsh voice; harsh colours.
ˈharshly adverb
ˈharshness noun

harsh

خَشِن drsný barsk hart δριμύς crudo ankara rude oštar duro 厳しい 거친 hardvochtig barsk surowy rigoroso суровый hård รุนแรง şiddetli khắc nghiệt 苛刻的

harsh

a. áspero, discordante;
___ soundsonido discordante.

harsh

adj áspero
References in classic literature ?
married life--when I say my first harsh word, when you make your first hasty reply--then, in the solitude of your own room, in the stillness of the wakeful night, you will think of my first wife's miserable death.
For purposes of euphony, however, without which the lines would be harsh and unpoetical, I have invariably made two syllables of them.
Hence Quasimodo's gratitude was profound, passionate, boundless; and although the visage of his adopted father was often clouded or severe, although his speech was habitually curt, harsh, imperious, that gratitude never wavered for a single moment.
The rocks about me were of a harsh reddish colour, and all the trace of life that I could see at first was the intensely green vegetation that covered every projecting point on their south-eastern face.
I saw few human beings besides them, and if any other happened to enter the cottage, their harsh manners and rude gait only enhanced to me the superior accomplishments of my friends.
His sister's voice, too, naturally harsh, had, in the course of her sorrowful lifetime, contracted a kind of croak, which, when it once gets into the human throat, is as ineradicable as sin.
Some mothers would have insisted on their daughter's accepting so good an offer on the first overture; but I could not reconcile it to myself to force Frederica into a marriage from which her heart revolted, and instead of adopting so harsh a measure merely propose to make it her own choice, by rendering her thoroughly uncomfortable till she does accept him--but enough of this tiresome girl.
The song may be compared to that of the Sedge warbler, but is more powerful; some harsh notes and some very high ones, being mingled with a pleasant warbling.
To which the courier replied in a harsh, discordant voice, "I am the devil; I am in search of Don Quixote of La Mancha; those who are coming this way are six troops of enchanters, who are bringing on a triumphal car the peerless Dulcinea del Toboso; she comes under enchantment, together with the gallant Frenchman Montesinos, to give instructions to Don Quixote as to how, she the said lady, may be disenchanted.
James II, the bigoted successor of Charles the Voluptuous, had annulled the charters of all the colonies, and sent a harsh and unprincipled soldier to take away our liberties and endanger our religion.
Clare had been harsh towards her; there is no doubt of it.
Silent, like sorrowing children, the birds have ceased their song, and only the moorhen's plaintive cry and the harsh croak of the corncrake stirs the awed hush around the couch of waters, where the dying day breathes out her last.