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1. Doctor of Optometry
2. Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine

do 1

v. did (dĭd), done (dŭn), do·ing, does (dŭz)
a. To perform or execute; carry out: do one's assigned task; do a series of business deals.
b. To fulfill the requirements of: did my duty at all times.
c. To perform the tasks or behaviors typically associated with (something), especially as part of one's character or normal duties: That talk show host just doesn't do subtle.
d. To participate in (a meal or an activity) with another person: Let's do brunch on Sunday.
a. To produce, especially by creative effort: do a play on Broadway.
b. To play the part or role of in a creative production: did Elizabeth I in the film.
c. To mimic: "doing the Southern voice, improvising it inventively as he goes along" (William H. Pritchard).
a. To bring about; effect: Crying won't do any good now.
b. To render; give: do equal justice to the opposing sides; do honor to one's family.
4. To put forth; exert: Do the best you can.
a. To attend to in such a way as to take care of or put in order: did the bedrooms before the guests arrived.
b. To prepare for further use especially by washing: did the dishes.
a. To set or style (the hair).
b. To apply cosmetics to: did her face.
7. To have as an occupation or profession: Have you decided what you will do after college?
8. To work out by studying: do a homework assignment.
9. Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb or verb phrase: He can play the piano, and I can do that, too.
10. Informal
a. To travel (a specified distance): did a mile in four minutes.
b. To go (a specified rate): did 80 mph on the highway.
c. To make a tour of; visit: "[He] did 15 countries of Western Europe in only a few days" (R.W. Apple, Jr.).
a. To be sufficient in meeting the needs of; serve: This room will do us very nicely.
b. Informal To serve (a prison term): did time in jail; did five years for tax fraud.
12. Slang To cheat; swindle: do a relative out of an inheritance.
13. Slang To take (drugs) illegally: "If you do drugs you are going to be in continual trouble" (Jimmy Breslin).
14. Slang To kill; murder.
15. Vulgar Slang To have sex with or bring to orgasm.
1. To behave or conduct oneself; act: Do as I say and you won't get into trouble.
a. To get along; fare: students who do well at school.
b. To carry on; manage: I could do without your interference.
c. To make good use of something because of need: I could do with a hot bath.
a. To serve a specified purpose: This coat will do for another season.
b. To be proper or fitting: Such behavior just won't do.
4. To take place; happen: What's doing in London this time of year?
5. Used as a substitute for an antecedent verb: worked as hard as everyone else did.
6. Used after another verb for emphasis: Run quickly, do!
1. Used with the infinitive without to in questions, negative statements, and inverted phrases: Do you understand? I did not sleep well. Little did we know what was in store for us.
2. Used as a means of emphasis: I do want to be sure.
n. pl. dos or do's
1. A statement of what should be done: a list of the dos and don'ts of management.
2. Informal An entertainment; a party: attended a big do at the embassy.
3. A commotion.
4. A hairdo.
5. Chiefly British Slang A swindle; a cheat.
6. Slang Fecal matter; excrement.
Phrasal Verbs:
do by
To behave with respect to; deal with: The children have done well by their aged parents.
do for
To care or provide for; take care of.
do in Slang
1. To tire completely; exhaust: The marathon did me in.
2. To kill.
3. To ruin utterly: Huge losses on the stock market did many investors in.
do up
1. To adorn or dress lavishly: The children were all done up in matching outfits.
2. To wrap and tie (a package).
3. To fasten: do up the buttons on a dress.
do without
To manage despite the absence of: We had to do without a telephone on the island.
can/could do without
To prefer not to experience or deal with: I could do without their complaints.
do a disappearing act Informal
To vanish.
do away with
1. To make an end of; eliminate.
2. To destroy; kill.
do it Vulgar Slang
To engage in sexual intercourse.
do (one) proud
To act or perform in a way that gives cause for pride.
do (one's) bit
To make an individual contribution toward an overall effort.
do (one's) business
Slang To defecate. Used especially of a pet.
do (one's) own thing Slang
To do what one does best or finds most enjoyable: "I get paid to try cases and to do my thing on trial" (Bruce Cutler).

[Middle English don, from Old English dōn; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

do 2

n. Music
The first tone of the diatonic scale in solfeggio.

[Italian, more singable replacement of ut; see gamut.]

do 3

n. pl. dos Slang
A hairdo.


abbreviation for
1. (Education) Doctor of Optometry
2. (Education) Doctor of Osteopathy


n, pl dos
(Music, other) a variant spelling of doh1


the internet domain name for
(Computer Science) Dominican Republic


abbreviation for
1. (Education) Doctor of Optometry
2. (Education) Doctor of Osteopathy


(du; unstressed dʊ, də)

v.andauxiliary v., pres. sing. 1stand2nd pers. do, v.t.
1. to perform (an act, duty, role, etc.).
2. to execute (a piece or amount of work): to do a hauling job.
3. to accomplish; finish: He has already done it.
4. to put forth; exert: Do your best.
5. to be the cause of (good, harm, credit, etc.); bring about; effect.
6. to render, give, or pay (homage, justice, etc.).
7. to deal with, fix, clean, arrange, etc., (anything) as the case may require: to do the dishes.
8. to travel; traverse: We did 30 miles today.
9. to serve; suffice for: This will do us for the present.
10. to condone or approve, as by custom or practice: That sort of thing simply isn't done.
11. to travel at the rate of (a specified speed).
12. to make or prepare: I'll do the salad.
13. to serve (a term of time) in prison, or, sometimes, in office.
14. to create or bring into being: He does wonderful portraits.
15. to translate or change the form of: They did the book into a movie.
16. to study or work at or in the field of: I have to do my math tonight.
17. to explore or travel through as a sightseer: They did Greece in 3 weeks.
18. to use (drugs), esp. habitually.
19. Slang. to rob; steal from: The law got him for doing banks.
20. to act or conduct oneself; behave.
21. to proceed: to do wisely.
22. to get along; fare; manage: to do without an automobile.
23. to be in a specified state of health: Mother and child are doing fine.
24. to serve or be satisfactory, as for the purpose; be enough; suffice: Will this do?
25. to finish or be finished.
26. to happen; take place; transpire: What's doing at the office?
27. (used as a substitute to avoid repetition of a verb or full verb expression): I think as you do.
auxiliary v.
28. (used in interrogative, negative, and inverted constructions): Do you like music? I don't care. Seldom does one see such greed.
29. (used to lend emphasis to a principal verb): Do visit us!
30. do away with,
a. to put an end to; abolish.
b. to kill.
31. do for,
a. to cause the defeat, ruin, or death of.
b. to keep house for; manage or provide for.
32. do in,
a. to kill; murder.
b. to exhaust.
33. do out of, Informal. to swindle; cheat.
34. do over, to redecorate.
35. do up,
a. to wrap and tie up.
b. to pin up or arrange (the hair).
c. to renovate or clean.
d. to fasten: Do up your coat.
e. to dress: They were all done up in costumes.
36. do with, to benefit from; use.
37. do without, to forgo; dispense with.
38. Informal. a burst of frenzied activity; commotion.
39. Informal. a hairdo.
40. Brit. Slang. a swindle; hoax.
41. a festive affair; party.
1. do or die, to make a supreme effort.
2. dos and don'ts, customs, rules, or regulations.
[before 900; Middle English, Old English dōn; c. Old Saxon dōn, Old High German tuo(a)n; akin to Latin -dere to put (see add), facere to make, do]



n., pl. dos.
the musical syllable used for the first note of an ascending diatonic scale.
[1745–55; < Italian, inverted variant of ut; see gamut]


or d.o.,

delivery order.


1. Also, d.o. direct object.
2. Doctor of Optometry.
3. Doctor of Osteopathy.


Do is one of the most common verbs in English. Its other forms are does, doing, did, done. It can be an auxiliary verb or a main verb.

1. used as an auxiliary verb
See not (for information on do as an auxiliary in negative clauses)

Do has two other special uses as an auxiliary verb:

2. used for emphasis

You can use do to emphasize a statement. The forms do, does, and did can all be used in this way.

I do feel sorry for Roger.
I wanted to go over to the Ramsey's. Later that day, I did drive by.

You can use do in front of an imperative when you are urging someone to do something or accept something.

Do help yourself to a biscuit
Do be careful.
3. used to focus on an action

You can also use do as an auxiliary verb to focus on an action.

When you use do like this, you put what at the beginning of the sentence, followed by a noun or noun phrase and the auxiliary verb do. After do, you put is or was and an infinitive with or without to.

For example, instead of saying 'Carolyn opened a bookshop', you can say 'What Carolyn did was to open a bookshop' or 'What Carolyn did was open a bookshop'.

What Stephen did was to interview a lot of teachers.
What it does is draw out all the vitamins from the body.

You can use all instead of 'what' if you want to emphasize that just one thing is done and nothing else.

All he did was shake hands and wish me luck.
All she ever does is make jam.
4. used as a main verb

Do is used as a main verb to say that someone performs an action, activity, or task.

We did quite a lot of work yesterday.

Do is often used with -ing nouns referring to jobs connected with the home, and with nouns referring generally to work.

He does all the shopping and I do the cooking.
Have you done your homework yet?
The man who did the job had ten years' training.

In conversation, do is often used instead of more specific verbs. For example, if you do your teeth, you brush your teeth.

Do I need to do my hair?
She had done her breakfast dishes.

Be Careful!
You don't normally use 'do' when you are talking about creating or constructing something. Instead you use make.

I like making cakes.
Thuy makes all her own clothes.
See make
5. repeating 'do'

In questions and negative clauses, you often use do twice. You use it first as an auxiliary verb to form the question or negative verb phrase, and then repeat it as the main verb. The main verb is always in the infinitive form without to.

What did she do all day when she wasn't working?
If this exercise hurts your back do not do it.


Past participle: done
Gerund: doing

I do
you do
he/she/it does
we do
you do
they do
I did
you did
he/she/it did
we did
you did
they did
Present Continuous
I am doing
you are doing
he/she/it is doing
we are doing
you are doing
they are doing
Present Perfect
I have done
you have done
he/she/it has done
we have done
you have done
they have done
Past Continuous
I was doing
you were doing
he/she/it was doing
we were doing
you were doing
they were doing
Past Perfect
I had done
you had done
he/she/it had done
we had done
you had done
they had done
I will do
you will do
he/she/it will do
we will do
you will do
they will do
Future Perfect
I will have done
you will have done
he/she/it will have done
we will have done
you will have done
they will have done
Future Continuous
I will be doing
you will be doing
he/she/it will be doing
we will be doing
you will be doing
they will be doing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been doing
you have been doing
he/she/it has been doing
we have been doing
you have been doing
they have been doing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been doing
you will have been doing
he/she/it will have been doing
we will have been doing
you will have been doing
they will have been doing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been doing
you had been doing
he/she/it had been doing
we had been doing
you had been doing
they had been doing
I would do
you would do
he/she/it would do
we would do
you would do
they would do
Past Conditional
I would have done
you would have done
he/she/it would have done
we would have done
you would have done
they would have done
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - an uproarious partydo - an uproarious party      
party - an occasion on which people can assemble for social interaction and entertainment; "he planned a party to celebrate Bastille Day" - the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization
solfa syllable - one of the names for notes of a musical scale in solmization
3.DO - doctor's degree in osteopathy
doctorate, doctor's degree - one of the highest earned academic degrees conferred by a university - engage in; "make love, not war"; "make an effort"; "do research"; "do nothing"; "make revolution"
make - perform or carry out; "make a decision"; "make a move"; "make advances"; "make a phone call"
overdo, exaggerate - do something to an excessive degree; "He overdid it last night when he did 100 pushups" - carry out or perform an action; "John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"; "the skater executed a triple pirouette"; "she did a little dance"
click off - perform or finish an action rapidly; "The game was clicked off in 1:48"
carry - sing or play against other voices or parts; "He cannot carry a tune"
pipe up - begin to play or sing
declaim, recite - recite in elocution
serenade - sing and play for somebody; "She was serenaded by her admirers"
cut corners - do something the cheapest or easiest way; "Cut corners to make a cheaper product"
stunt - perform a stunt or stunts
cut - perform or carry out; "cut a caper"
blaze away - perform (an acting passage) brilliantly and rapidly; "Mr. Jones blazed away in one passage after another to loud applause"
scamp - perform hastily and carelessly
churn out - perform in a mechanical way
premier, premiere - perform a work for the first time
star - be the star in a performance
appear - appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.; "Gielgud appears briefly in this movie"; "She appeared in `Hamlet' on the London stage"
practise, rehearse, practice - engage in a rehearsal (of)
ad-lib, extemporise, improvise, improvize, extemporize - perform without preparation; "he extemporized a speech at the wedding"
interpret, render - give an interpretation or rendition of; "The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully"
conduct, direct, lead - lead, as in the performance of a composition; "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years"
make - perform or carry out; "make a decision"; "make a move"; "make advances"; "make a phone call" - get (something) done; "I did my job"
accomplish, carry out, carry through, fulfil, fulfill, action, execute - put in effect; "carry out a task"; "execute the decision of the people"; "He actioned the operation"
overachieve - perform better or achieve a greater degree of success than expected; "His daughter always overachieves"
turn - accomplish by rotating; "turn a somersault"; "turn cartwheels"
underachieve, underperform - perform less well or with less success than expected; "John consistently underachieves, although he is very able"; "My stocks underperformed last year"
misdo - do wrongly or improperly; "misdo one's job"
do one's best, give full measure, give one's best, go all out - perform a task as well as possible; "The cast gives full measure every night"
ply - apply oneself diligently; "Ply one's trade" - proceed or get along; "How is she doing in her new job?"; "How are you making out in graduate school?"; "He's come a long way"
proceed, go - follow a certain course; "The inauguration went well"; "how did your interview go?" - give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir"; "cause an accident"
shape, determine, influence, regulate, mold - shape or influence; give direction to; "experience often determines ability"; "mold public opinion"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
initiate, pioneer - take the lead or initiative in; participate in the development of; "This South African surgeon pioneered heart transplants"
effect, effectuate, set up - produce; "The scientists set up a shock wave"
make - compel or make somebody or something to act in a certain way; "People cannot be made to integrate just by passing a law!"; "Heat makes you sweat"
occasion - give occasion to
call forth, evoke, kick up, provoke - evoke or provoke to appear or occur; "Her behavior provoked a quarrel between the couple"
breed, engender, spawn - call forth
incite, motivate, prompt, propel, actuate, move - give an incentive for action; "This moved me to sacrifice my career"
impel, force - urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate
facilitate - increase the likelihood of (a response); "The stimulus facilitates a delayed impulse" - carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions; "practice law"
shamanise, shamanize - practice shamanism - be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity; "A few words would answer"; "This car suits my purpose well"; "Will $100 do?"; "A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"; "Nothing else will serve"
bridge over, tide over, keep going - suffice for a period between two points; "This money will keep us going for another year"
go a long way - suffice or be adequate for a while or to a certain extent
serve, function - serve a purpose, role, or function; "The tree stump serves as a table"; "The female students served as a control group"; "This table would serve very well"; "His freedom served him well"; "The table functions as a desk"
live up to, satisfy, fulfill, fulfil - meet the requirements or expectations of
measure up, qualify - prove capable or fit; meet requirements
go around - be sufficient; "There's not enough to go around" - create or design, often in a certain waydo - create or design, often in a certain way; "Do my room in blue"; "I did this piece in wood to express my love for the forest"
create, make - create by artistic means; "create a poem"; "Schoenberg created twelve-tone music"; "Picasso created Cubism"; "Auden made verses" - behave in a certain mannerdo - behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; "You should act like an adult"; "Don't behave like a fool"; "What makes her do this way?"; "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"
act involuntarily, act reflexively - act in an uncontrolled manner
bend over backwards, fall over backwards - try very hard to please someone; "She falls over backwards when she sees her mother-in-law"
presume - take liberties or act with too much confidence
vulgarise, vulgarize - act in a vulgar manner; "The drunkard tends to vulgarize"
optimise, optimize - act as an optimist and take a sunny view of the world
quack - act as a medical quack or a charlatan
menace - act in a threatening manner; "A menacing person"
make - act in a certain way so as to acquire; "make friends"; "make enemies"
bluster, swagger, swash - act in an arrogant, overly self-assured, or conceited manner
freeze - suddenly behave coldly and formally; "She froze when she saw her ex-husband"
wanton - behave extremely cruelly and brutally
romanticize - act in a romantic way
sentimentise, sentimentize, sentimentalise, sentimentalize - act in a sentimental way or indulge in sentimental thoughts or expression
bungle - spoil by behaving clumsily or foolishly; "I bungled it!"
toy, play - engage in an activity as if it were a game rather than take it seriously; "They played games on their opponents"; "play the stock market"; "play with her feelings"; "toy with an idea"
act as, act, play - pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind; "He acted the idiot"; "She plays deaf when the news are bad"
stooge - act as a stooge, in a compliant or subordinate manner; "He stooged for the flamboyant Senator"
jest, joke - act in a funny or teasing way
piffle - act in a trivial or ineffective way
make - behave in a certain way; "make merry"
make as if - begin or appear to begin an action; "He made as if to shake my hand"
pretend, dissemble, act - behave unnaturally or affectedly; "She's just acting"
lose it, break down, snap - lose control of one's emotions; "When she heard that she had not passed the exam, she lost it completely"; "When her baby died, she snapped"
dally, dawdle - waste time; "Get busy--don't dally!"
backslap - display excessive cordiality (towards); "he is always backslapping his colleagues at staff meetings"
hugger mugger - act stealthily or secretively
sauce - behave saucily or impudently towards
footle - act foolishly, as by talking nonsense
frivol, trifle - act frivolously
swell, puff up - become filled with pride, arrogance, or anger; "The mother was swelling with importance when she spoke of her son"
follow - accept and follow the leadership or command or guidance of; "Let's follow our great helmsman!"; "She followed a guru for years"
loosen up, relax - become less tense, less formal, or less restrained, and assume a friendlier manner; "our new colleague relaxed when he saw that we were a friendly group"
rage, ramp, storm - behave violently, as if in state of a great anger - spend time in prison or in a labor camp; "He did six years for embezzlement"
admit - serve as a means of entrance; "This ticket will admit one adult to the show"
spend, pass - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?" - carry on or function; "We could do with a little more help around here" - arrange attractivelydo - arrange attractively; "dress my hair for the wedding"
bob - cut hair in the style of a bob; "Bernice bobs her hair these days!"
wave - set waves in; "she asked the hairdresser to wave her hair"
neaten, groom - care for one's external appearance; "He is always well-groomed"
groom, curry, dress - give a neat appearance to; "groom the dogs"; "dress the horses" - travel or traverse (a distance); "This car does 150 miles per hour"; "We did 6 miles on our hike every day"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"


2. behave, act, conduct yourself, deport yourself, bear yourself, acquit yourself I go where I will and I do as I please.
3. make, prepare, fix, arrange, look after, organize, be responsible for, see to, get ready, make ready I'll do the dinner, you can help.
4. solve, work out, resolve, figure out, decode, decipher, puzzle out I could have done the crossword.
5. get on, manage, fare, proceed, make out, prosper, get along She did well at school.
6. work as, be employed at, earn a living at, have as an occupation, have as a profession And what does he do for a living?
7. present, give, show, act, produce, stage, perform, mount, put on I've always wanted to do a show on his life.
8. be adequate, be enough, be sufficient, answer, serve, suit, content, satisfy, suffice, be of use, pass muster, cut the mustard, fill the bill (informal), meet requirements A plain old `I love you' won't do.
9. (Informal) cheat, trick, con (informal), skin (slang), stiff (slang), sting (informal), deceive, fleece, hoax, defraud, dupe, swindle, diddle (informal), take (someone) for a ride (informal), pull a fast one on (informal), cozen I'll tell you how they did me.
10. produce, make, create, develop, turn out, manufacture, construct, invent, put together, originate, fabricate The company have done a range of tops.
11. decorate, paper, paint, colour, wallpaper, renovate, do up (informal), furbish The bedroom is done in lavenders and pinks.
12. design, style, dress, arrange, fashion, shape, adapt, tailor I did her hair and her make-up.
13. grant, give, allow, accord, permit, render, confer, bestow Would you do me a favour?
14. study, read, learn, research, investigate, analyse, be taught, read up on, take a course in, take classes in, swot (up) on (Brit. informal) She's doing English for her Higher Certificate.
15. travel at, go at, move at, drive at, proceed at He was clocked doing 138mph.
16. (Informal) visit, tour in or around, look at, cover, explore, take in (informal), stop in, journey through or around, travel in or around Families doing Europe can hire one of these motor-homes.
1. (Informal, chiefly Brit. & N.Z.) party, gathering, function, social, event, affair, at-home, occasion, celebration, reception, bash (informal), rave (Brit. slang), get-together (informal), festivity, knees-up (Brit. informal), beano (Brit. slang), social gathering, shindig (informal), soirée, rave-up (Brit. slang), hooley or hoolie (chiefly Irish & N.Z.) They always have all-night dos there.
do away with someone kill, murder, do in (slang), destroy, take out (slang), dispatch, slay, blow away (slang, chiefly U.S.), knock off (slang), liquidate, exterminate, take (someone's) life, bump off (slang) He tried to do away with her.
do away with something get rid of, remove, eliminate, axe (informal), abolish, junk (informal), pull, chuck (informal), discard, put an end to, dispense with, discontinue, put paid to, pull the plug on They must do away with nuclear weapons altogether.
do for something or someone (Informal) destroy, kill, finish (off), defeat, ruin, shatter, undo, slay, annihilate They did for him in the end.
do someone in (Slang)
1. kill, murder, destroy, eliminate (slang), take out (slang), execute, butcher, slaughter, dispatch, assassinate, slay, do away with, blow away (slang, chiefly U.S.), knock off (slang), liquidate, annihilate, neutralize, take (someone's) life, bump off (slang) Whoever did him in removed a brave man.
2. exhaust, tire, drain, shatter (informal), weaken, fatigue, weary, fag (informal), sap, wear out, tire out, knacker (slang) The Christmas thing kind of did me in.
do someone out of something cheat out of, deprive of, rob of, dispossess of, con out of (informal), swindle out of, trick out of, diddle out of (informal), prevent from having or gaining He feels I did him out of a profit on some shares.
do something in hurt, damage, injure, harm, disable, weaken, impair I did my back in years ago.
do something or someone down criticize, dismiss, put down, run down, discredit, ridicule, scorn, disdain, deride, slag (off) (slang), knock (informal), blast, flame (informal), rubbish (informal), malign, detract from, denigrate, belittle, disparage, decry, vilify, slander, deprecate, depreciate, tear into (informal), diss (slang, chiefly U.S.), defame, bad-mouth (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), traduce, derogate, asperse He thinks that they did him down.
do something out decorate, paper, paint, wallpaper, renovate, do up (informal), furbish a room newly done out in country-house style
do something up
1. fasten, tie, secure, bind, tighten, knot, lace, tie up, affix, make fast Do your coat up.
2. refurbish, improve, renovate, furbish He bought a barn and is doing it up.
do without something or someone manage without, give up, dispense with, forgo, kick (informal), sacrifice, abstain from, get along without This is something we cannot do without.
do's and don'ts (Informal) rules, code, regulations, standards, instructions, customs, convention, usage, protocol, formalities, etiquette, p's and q's, good or proper behaviour Please advise me on the do's and dont's.
"Do unto others what you would they should do unto you"


1. To begin and carry through to completion:
Informal: pull off.
2. To carry out the functions, requirements, or terms of:
Idiom: live up to.
3. To conduct oneself in a specified way:
4. To progress or perform adequately, especially in difficult circumstances:
Informal: make out.
Idioms: make do, make shift.
5. To produce on the stage:
6. To play the part of:
7. To prepare (food) for eating by the use of heat:
8. Informal. To journey over (a specified distance):
9. To meet a need or requirement:
10. Informal. To spend or complete (time), as a prison term:
11. Slang. To get money or something else from by deceitful trickery:
Informal: chisel, flimflam, take, trim.
Slang: diddle, gyp, stick, sting.
phrasal verb
do for
To work and care for:
phrasal verb
do in
1. Slang. To make extremely tired:
Informal: knock out, tucker (out).
Slang: poop (out).
Idioms: run ragged, take it out of.
2. Slang. To take the life of (a person or persons) unlawfully:
Informal: put away.
phrasal verb
do up
To cover and tie (something), as with paper and string:
Informal. A large or important social gathering:
Slang: bash.
حَفْلَه، إحْتِفاليَتَصَرَّفيُرَتِّبُيَزور وَيَرىيُسَبِّب
gøreklare sigordnepassepudse
geragera, haga sérgera, ljúkagjöralaga, snyrta, hirîa
(...을) 하다
apžiūrėtiatlikėjasbūtų neblogaidarbai-darys
dať si do poriadkunarobiťprezrieť
làmthực hiệnđược


1 [duː] (does (3rd pers sing present) (did (pt)) (done (pp)))
what are you doing tonight?¿qué haces esta noche?
I would never do a thing like thatyo nunca haría una cosa así
what's this doing on my chair?¿qué hace esto en mi silla?
I've got nothing to dono tengo nada que hacer
he does nothing but complainno hace más que quejarse
what's to be done?¿qué se puede hacer?
what's the weather doing?¿qué tal tiempo hace?
to do sth againvolver a hacer algo, hacer algo de nuevo
it will have to be done againhabrá que volver a hacerlo, habrá que hacerlo de nuevo
what's he ever done for me?¿qué ha hecho él por mí?
what can I do for you?¿en qué puedo servirle?, ¿qué se le ofrece? (LAm)
could you do something for me?¿me podrías hacer un favor?
what are we going to do for money?¿de dónde vamos a sacar dinero?
that dress doesn't do a lot for youeste vestido no te queda muy bien
the new measures will do a lot for small businesseslas nuevas medidas serán de gran ayuda para las pequeñas empresas
after the accident she couldn't do much for herselfdespués del accidente casi no podía valerse por sí misma
if you do anything to him I'll kill yousi le haces algo te mato
what's he done to his hair?¿qué se ha hecho en el pelo?
I could see what the stress was doing to himera evidente cómo le estaba afectando el estrés
what have you done with my slippers?¿dónde has puesto mis zapatillas?
what am I going to do with you?¿qué voy a hacer contigo?
what are you doing with yourself these days?¿qué haces ahora?
what am I going to do with myself for the rest of the day?¿qué puedo hacer el resto del día?
she didn't know what to do with herself once the children had left homese encontró un poco perdida cuando sus hijos se fueron de casa
see also living B1
2. (= carry out) [+ work, essay] → hacer
the work is being done by a local builderun albañil de la zona está haciendo el trabajo
I've got a few jobs that need doing around the housetengo algunas cosas que hacer en la casa
she was doing the crosswordestaba haciendo el crucigrama
to do the washinghacer la colada
Some do + noun combinations require a more specific Spanish verb:

Edmund does all the accountsEdmund se encarga de or lleva la contabilidad
to do the cookingcocinar
he did a drawing/portrait of herla dibujó/retratóhizo un dibujo/retrato de ella
to do one's duty (by sb)cumplir con su deber (con algn)
to do the ironingplanchar
we did a lot of talkinghablamos mucho
3. (= clean)
to do the disheslavar los platos
to do the silverlimpiar la plata
to do one's teethlavarse los dientes
4. (= arrange, prepare) [+ vegetables] → preparar; [+ room] → hacer, arreglar
this room needs doinghay que hacer or arreglar esta habitación
to do the flowersarreglar las flores
to do one's nailshacerse or arreglarse las uñas
see also hair A1
5. (= spend) → pasar
he did six years (in jail)pasó seis años en la cárcel
he did two years as ambassador in Lagosestuvo dos años como embajador en Lagos
I did five years as a policemanfui policía durante cinco años
they have to do two years military servicetienen que hacer dos años de servicio militar
6. (= finish) I've only done three pagessólo he hecho tres páginas
now you've (gone and) done it! >¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena!
that's done it! > we're stuck now¡la hemos fastidiado! ahora no podemos salir de aquí
that does it! > that's the last time I lend him my car¡es el colmo! or ¡hasta aquí hemos llegado!, es la última vez que le dejo el coche
have you done moaning?¿has acabado de quejarte?
see also good B2, C2
7. (= offer, make available) they do a summer course in paintingdan un curso de verano de pintura
we only do one make of glovessólo tenemos una marca de guantes
they do an estate version of this carfabrican un modelo familiar de este coche
we do evening meals if ordered in advanceservimos cenas si se encargan con antelación
I can do you a discount on this modelle puedo hacer un descuento en este modelo
8. (= study) [+ university course, option] → hacer, estudiar
I want to do Physics at universityquiero hacer or estudiar física en la universidad
to do Italianhacer or estudiar italiano
we're doing Orwell this termestamos estudiando a Orwell este trimestre
9. (Theat) [+ play] → representar, poner; [+ part] → hacer
he did King Lear in a BBC productionhizo (el papel) de King Lear en una producción de la BBC
10. (= mimic) [+ person] → imitar
he does his maths master to perfectionimita a su profesor de matemáticas a la perfección
she was doing the worried mother bit >hacía el numerito de la típica madre preocupada
11. (Aut, Rail etc) (= travel at) [+ speed] → ir a; (= cover) [+ distance] → cubrir
the car can do 100 miles per hourel coche puede ir a 100 millas por hora
the car was doing 100 miles per hourel coche iba a 100 millas por hora
we've done 200km alreadyya hemos hecho 200km
we did London to Edinburgh in 8 hoursfuimos de Londres a Edimburgo en 8 horas
12. (= attend to) the barber said he'd do me nextel barbero dijo que después me tocaría a mí
they do you very well in this hotelen este hotel te dan muy buen servicio
see also proud 1
13. (= visit) [+ city, museum] → visitar, recorrer; [+ country] → visitar, viajar por
we did six countries in an 8-week tourvisitamos seis países durante un viaje de 8 semanas
14. (= be suitable, sufficient for) will a kilo do you?¿le va bien un kilo?
that'll do me nicely (= be suitable) → eso me vendrá muy bien; (= suffice) → con eso me basta
15. (= cheat) → estafar, timar; (= rob) → robar
I've been done!¡me han estafado or timado!
16. (= prosecute) → procesar; (= fine) → multar
she was done for shopliftingla procesaron por robar en una tienda
he was done for speedingle multaron por exceso de velocidad
17. (= beat up) → dar una paliza a
I'll do you if I get hold of you!¡te voy a dar una paliza como te pille!
1. (= act) → hacer
do as I dohaz como yo
you would do better to acceptsería aconsejable que aceptaras
he did righthizo lo correcto
do as you think besthaga lo que mejor le parezca
do as you are told!¡haz lo que te digo!
she was up and doing at 6 o'clocka las 6 de la mañana ya estaba levantada y trajinando
you would do well to take his adviceharías bien en seguir su consejo
you could do a lot worse than marry hercasarte con ella no es lo peor que podrías hacer
see also well A1
2. (= get on)
he did badly in the examle fue mal en el examen
the team hasn't done badly this seasonal equipo no le ha ido mal esta temporada
you didn't do so badlyno lo has hecho del todo mal
you can do better than that (essay, drawing) → puedes hacerlo mejor (iro) (= find better excuse) → ¡y qué más!
how is your father doing?¿cómo está tu padre?, ¿cómo le va a tu padre?
how are you doing?¿qué tal?, ¿cómo te va?
how did you do in the audition?¿qué tal or cómo te fue en la audición?
he's doing well at schoolle va bien en el colegio
her son's doing well for himselfa su hijo le van muy bien las cosas
his business is doing welllos negocios le van bien
the patient is doing wellel paciente está respondiendo bien
the roses are doing well this yearlas rosas han florecido muy bien este año
how do you do? (greeting) → ¿cómo está usted?, gusto en conocerlo (LAm); (as answer) → ¡mucho gusto!, ¡encantado!
3. (= be suitable)
it doesn't do to upset hercuidado con ofenderla
will this one do?¿te parece bien éste?
this room will doesta habitación ya me va bien
will it do if I come back at eight?¿va bien si vuelvo a las ocho?
will tomorrow do?¿iría bien mañana?
it's not exactly what I wanted, but it will or it'll dono es exactamente lo que quería pero servirá
this coat will do as a blanketeste abrigo servirá de manta
that will have to dotendremos que conformarnos con eso
that won't do, you'll have to do it againasí no está bien, tendrás que volver a hacerlo
you can't go on your own, that would never do!no podemos consentir que vayas sola, ¡eso no puede ser!
see also make A4
4. (= be sufficient) → bastar
three bottles of wine should dobastará con tres botellas de vino
will £20 do?¿bastarán 20 libras?, ¿tendrás bastante con 20 libras?
that'll docon eso basta
that will do!¡basta ya!
that will do for the momentde momento ya está bien
5. (= happen) there's not much doing in this townno hay mucha animación en esta ciudad
"could you lend me £50?" - "nothing doing!"-¿me podrías prestar 50 libras? -¡de ninguna manera! or -¡ni hablar!
6. (= finish) (in past tenses only) → terminar, acabar
have you done?¿ya has terminado or acabado?
don't take it away, I've not done yetno te lo lleves, ¡aún no he terminado or acabado!
I haven't done telling you¡no he terminado de contarte!
I've done with travellingya no voy a viajar más, he renunciado a los viajes
I've done with all that nonsenseya no tengo nada que ver or ya he terminado con todas esas tonterías
have you done with that book?¿has terminado con este libro?
7. (= clean) → hacer la limpieza (en casa)
I've got a lady who does for metengo una señora que me viene a hacer la limpieza en la casa
There is no equivalent in Spanish to the use of do in questions, negative statements and negative commands.
1. (in questions) do you understand?¿comprendes?, ¿entiendes?
where does he live?¿dónde vive?
didn't you like it?¿no te gustó?
why didn't you come?¿por qué no viniste?
2. (negation) I don't understandno entiendo or comprendo
don't let's argueno discutamos
don't worry!¡no te preocupes!
don't you tell me what to do!¡no me digas lo que tengo que hacer!
she did not gono fue
3. (for emphasis) DO tell me!¡dímelo, por favor!
DO sit downsiéntese, por favor, tome asiento, por favor (frm)
she DOES look lovely in that dressestá preciosa con este vestido
I DO hope soasí lo espero
I DO wish I could come with you¡ojalá pudiera ir contigo!
but I DO like it!¡sí que me gusta!, ¡por supuesto que me gusta!
so you DO know him!¡así que sí lo conoces!
but I DID do itpero sí que lo hice
4. (with inversion) rarely does it happen thatrara vez ocurre que ...
not once did they offer to payno se ofrecieron a pagar ni una sola vez
5. (verb substitute)
5.1. you speak better than I dohablas mejor que yo
"did you fix the car?" - "I did"-¿arreglaste el coche? -sí
"I love it" - "so do I"-me encanta -a mí también
I don't like sport and neither does heno me gusta el deporte ni a él tampoco
you didn't see him but I didtú no lo viste pero yo sí
I told him he'd fail and he didle dije que iba a suspender y suspendió
he went for a walk as he often didfue a dar un paseo como solía hacer
she always says she'll come but she never doessiempre dice que vendrá pero nunca viene
"he borrowed the car" - "oh he did, did he?"-pidió el coche prestado -¿ah sí? ¡no me digas!
I like this colour, don't you?me gusta este color, ¿a ti no?
"do you speak English?" - "yes, I do/no I don't"-¿habla usted inglés? -sí, hablo inglés/no, no hablo inglés
"may I come in?" - "(please) do!"-¿se puede pasar? -¡pasa (por favor)!
"who made this mess?" - "I did"-¿quién lo ha desordenado todo? -fui yo
"shall I ring her again?" - "no, don't!"-¿la llamo otra vez? -¡no, no la llames!
5.2. (in question tags) he lives here, doesn't he?vive aquí, ¿verdad? or ¿no es cierto? or ¿no?
I don't know him, do I?no lo conozco, ¿verdad?
it doesn't matter, does it?no importa, ¿no?
she said that, did she?¿eso es lo que dijo?
1. (Brit) (= party) → fiesta f; (= formal gathering) → reunión f
they had a big do for their twenty-fifth anniversarydieron una gran fiesta por su vigésimo quinto aniversario
2. (in phrases)
the do's and don'ts of buying a houselo que debe y lo que no debe hacerse al comprar una casa
he gave us a series of dos and don'tsnos explicó lo que podíamos y lo que no podíamos hacer
fair dos! (= be fair) → ¡hay que ser justo!, ¡seamos justos!; (= fair shares) → ¡a partes iguales!
it's a poor do whenes una vergüenza cuando ...
do away with VI + PREP
1. (= get rid of) [+ controls] → suprimir, eliminar; [+ nuclear weapons] → eliminar, acabar con; [+ injustice, exploitation, system] → acabar con; [+ capital punishment] → abolir
it does away with the need for a middlemancon esto ya no hace falta el intermediario, con esto uno se ahorra el intermediario
2. (= kill) → matar, liquidar
to do away with o.s.matarse, suicidarse
do by VI + PREP to do well/badly by sbportarse bien/mal con algn, tratar bien/mal a algn
he did well by his motherse portó bien con su madre
employees felt hard done bylos empleados se sintieron injustamente tratados
do as you would be done bytrata como quieres ser tratado
see also hard B2
do down VT + ADV (Brit)
1. (= denigrate) → menospreciar
to do o.s. downsubestimarse
2. (= cheat) → timar, estafar; (= play false) → hacer una mala pasada a
do for VI + PREP
1. (= kill) → acabar con, matar
smoking will do for him in the endel tabaco acabará con él, el tabaco lo acabará matando
I thought we were done forpensaba que nos íbamos a matar
one false move and he was done forun movimiento en falso y era hombre muerto
2. (= finish off) as a politician he's done forcomo político está acabado
they've seen him, he's done for!lo han visto, ¡está perdido!
if I can't talk to my own wife about these things, I'm done forsi ni siquiera puedo hablar con mi mujer de estas cosas, estoy acabado
I'm done for (= exhausted) → estoy rendido or molido
do in VT + ADV
1. (= kill) → liquidar, cargarse
2. (= exhaust) → reventar, hacer polvo
he's absolutely done inestá totalmente reventado, está hecho polvo
3. (= ruin) [+ back] → hacerse daño en, fastidiar (Sp) ; [+ engine] → cargarse (Sp) , arruinar (LAm)
he'll do the engine in, driving the way he doesse cargará el motor conduciendo de esa manera (Sp)
do out VT + ADV
1. (Brit) [+ room] (= clean) → limpiar a fondo
2. [+ room] (= paint) → pintar; (= wallpaper) → empapelar; (= furnish) → decorar
a room done out in Mexican styleuna habitación decorada al estilo mejicano
3. to do sb out of sth >: he has done me out of thousands of poundsme quedé sin miles de libras por su culpa
he did her out of a joble quitó el trabajo, se quedó sin el trabajo por su culpa
they did me out of my big chanceme pisaron mi gran oportunidad
do over VT + ADV
1. (US) (= repeat) → volver a hacer, hacer de nuevo
2. (= redecorate) → volver a pintar/empapelar; (= refurnish) → volver a decorar
3. (Brit) (= beat up) → dar una paliza a
do up VT + ADV
1. (= fasten) [+ shoes, shoelaces] → atar; [+ dress] (gen) → abrochar; (with zip) → cerrar or subir la cremallera de; [+ buttons, coat, necklace] → abrochar; [+ tie] → hacer el nudo de; [+ zip] → cerrar, subir
2. (= wrap up) [+ parcel] → envolver
have you done up that parcel yet?¿has envuelto ya ese paquete?
3. (= renovate) [+ house] → reformar, hacer reformas en
4. (= dress up) she was all done up in her best clothesiba de punta en blanco
Mark was done up in a beret and cravat >Mark iba luciendo una boina y un fular
do with VI + PREP
1. (= need)
I could do with some help/a beerno me vendría mal un poco de ayuda/una cerveza
we could have done with you therenos hiciste mucha falta
you could do with a bathte vendría bien un baño
2. (= have connection with)
it is to do with "what did you want to see her about?" - "it's to do with her application"-¿de qué querías hablarle? -es respecto a su solicitud
it's nothing to do with meno tiene nada que ver conmigo
to have to do withtener que ver con
that has nothing to do with you!¡eso no tiene nada que ver contigo!
what has that got to do with it?¿eso qué tiene que ver?
that has nothing to do with it!¡eso no tiene nada que ver!
I won't have anything to do with it/himno quiero tener nada que ver con este asunto/con él, no quiero saber nada de este asunto/de él
3. I can't be doing with pop musictengo mejores cosas que hacer que escuchar música pop
I can't be doing with his finicky eating habitsno soporto sus manías a la hora de comer
do without VI + PREP I can't do without my computeryo no puedo pasar sin el ordenador
"I haven't brought my gym kit" - "you'll have to do without then!"-no he traído mi equipo de gimnasia -pues vas a tener que apañártelas sin él
you can't do without moneyno se puede vivir sin dinero
I can do without your adviceno necesito tus consejos
I could do without them poking their noses in >no necesito que vengan ellos metiendo las narices en lo que no les importa
this bus strike is something I could do withoutesta huelga de autobuses es lo último que me faltaba


2 [dəʊ] N (Mus) → do m


abbr (=ditto) → id.


[ˈduː](STRONG) [də] [did] (pt) [done] (pp)
(= party) → soirée f, fête f (= formal gathering) → réception f
the dos and don'ts of sth (= what to do, and what not to do) → les règles de base de qch
aux vb
(in negative constructions)
I don't understand → Je ne comprends pas.
Why didn't you come? → Pourquoi n'êtes-vous pas venus ?
(in questions)
Do you like French food? → Est-ce que vous aimez la cuisine française?
Do you agree? → Vous êtes d'accord?
Do you speak English? → Parlez-vous anglais?
What do you do in your free time? → Qu'est-ce que vous faites pendant vos loisirs?
Where did you go for your holidays? → Où es-tu allé pendant tes vacances?
Didn't you know? → Vous ne le saviez pas?
Why didn't you come? → Pourquoi n'êtes-vous pas venu?
Where does he live? → Où est-ce qu'il habite?
(in question tags)
You go swimming on Fridays, don't you? → Tu fais de la natation le vendredi, n'est-ce pas?
The bus stops at the youth hostel, doesn't it? → Le bus s'arrête à l'auberge de jeunesse, n'est-ce pas?
He laughed, didn't he? → Il a ri, n'est-ce pas?
I don't know him, do I? → Je ne crois pas le connaître.
(when answering questions) yes I do → oui
Do I care? Yes, I do → Si j'y attache de l'importance? Oui.
no I don't → non
"Do you like horses?" - "No I don't." → "Est-ce que tu aimes les chevaux?" - "Non."
(following so, neither, nor)
"I hate maths." - "So do I." → "Je déteste les maths." - "Moi aussi."
He knows that and so does she → Il le sait et elle aussi.
"I didn't like the film." - "Neither did I." → "Je n'ai pas aimé le film." - "Moi non plus."
She did not regret it - and nor did they → Elle ne l'a pas regretté - et eux non plus.
(used to avoid repeating verb)
She swims better than I do → Elle nage mieux que moi.
"Who broke it?" - "I did." → "Qui l'a cassé?" - "C'est moi."
(for emphasis)
Do sit down → Asseyez-vous je vous en prie.
Do help yourself → Servez-vous je vous en prie.
She does seem rather late → Je trouve qu'elle est bien en retard.
I DO wish I could go → J'aimerais tant y aller.
But I DO like it! → Mais si, je l'aime!
(gen) (= carry out, perform) → faire
What are you doing this evening? → Qu'est-ce que tu fais ce soir?
I do a lot of cycling → Je fais beaucoup de vélo.
I haven't done my homework → Je n'ai pas fait mes devoirs.
She did it by herself → Elle l'a fait toute seule.
I'll do my best → Je ferai de mon mieux.
What are you doing here? → Qu'est-ce que vous faites là?
to do sth with sth → faire qch de qch
I've no idea what I will do with the money → Je n'ai pas la moindre idée de ce que je vais faire de l'argent.
to do the cooking → faire la cuisine
to do one's hair → se coiffer
to do one's nails → se faire les ongles
(= put)
What did you do with it? → Qu'est-ce que vous en avez fait?, Où l'avez-vous mis?
What did he do with the cat? → Qu'a-t-il fait du chat?
I don't know what I've done with it → Je ne sais pas ce que j'en ai fait.
(= visit) [+ city, museum] → faire, visiter
(= travel at)
The car was doing 100 → La voiture faisait du 100 (à l'heure).
(= take) [+ drug, heroin, cocaine] → prendre
(= act, behave) → faire
Do as I do → Faites comme moi.
(= get on, fare) → marcher
to do well → marcher bien
The firm is doing well → L'entreprise marche bien.
She's doing well at school → Ses études marchent bien.
how do you do? (when introduced to sb)enchanté!
(= be all right) → aller
Will it do? → Est-ce que ça ira?
It's not very good, but it'll do → Ce n'est pas très bon, mais ça ira.
(= be sufficient) → suffire, aller
Will £10 do? → Est-ce que 10 livres suffiront?
That'll do, thanks → Ça ira, merci., Ça suffira, merci.
that'll do! (in annoyance)ça suffit!
do away with
vt fus
(= put an end to) → abolir
(= kill) → supprimer
do for
vt fus (British)
to be done for (= in bad situation) → être fichu(e) , être foutu(e)
(= clean for) → faire le ménage chez
do up
vt sep
[+ laces, dress] → attacher; [+ shoes] → lacer; [+ buttons] → boutonner; [+ zip] → fermer, remonter
Do up your shoes! → Lace tes chaussures!
Do up your zip! → Ferme ta braguette!
(= renovate) [+ room] → refaire; [+ house] → remettre à neuf
They're doing up an old cottage → Ils refont une vieille maison.
(= make beautiful) to do o.s. up → se faire beau(belle)
do with
vt fus
to have to do with sth (= be connected to)
What has that got to do with it? → Quel est le rapport?, Qu'est-ce que cela vient faire là-dedans?
(= would like) could do with
I could do with a drink → Je prendrais bien quelque chose à boire.
I could do with some help → Un peu d'aide ne serait pas de refus.
It could do with a wash → Ça ne lui ferait pas de mal d'être lavé.
to have nothing to do with sth, not to have anything to do with sth (= no involvement) [person] → n'avoir rien à voir avec qch, n'avoir aucun lien avec qch
I won't have anything to do with it
BUT Je ne veux pas y être mêlé. (= be irrelevant to) [matter, business] → n'avoir rien à voir avec qch, n'avoir aucun rapport avec qch
to have nothing to do with sb (= be no concern of theirs)
That has nothing to do with you → Cela ne vous concerne pas.
do without
vt fusse passer de
I couldn't do without my computer → Je ne pourrais pas me passer de mon ordinateur.
vis'en passer


n (Mus) → Do nt


2 vb: pret <did>, ptp <done>

There is no equivalent in German to the use of do in questions, negative statements and negative commands.

interrogative, negative do you understand?verstehen Sie?; I don’t or do not understandich verstehe nicht; what did he say?was hat er gesagt?; didn’t you or did you not know?haben Sie das nicht gewusst?; don’t be silly!sei nicht albern!
in question tags → oder; you know him, don’t you?Sie kennen ihn doch?, Sie kennen ihn (doch), oder?; you don’t know him, do you?Sie kennen ihn also nicht, oder?; so you know them, do you? (in surprise) → Sie kennen sie also wirklich or tatsächlich!; he does understand, doesn’t he?das versteht er doch, oder?; he didn’t go, did he?er ist (doch) nicht gegangen, oder?
substitute for another verb you speak better German than I doSie sprechen besser Deutsch als ich; he likes cheese and so do Ier isst gern Käse und ich auch; he doesn’t like cheese and neither do Ier mag keinen Käse und ich auch nicht; I don’t like cheese but he doesich mag keinen Käse, aber er schon; they said he would go and he didsie sagten, er würde gehen und das tat er (dann) auch
in tag responses do you see them often? — yes, I do/no, I don’tsehen Sie sie oft? — ja/nein; do you serve food? — yes, we dogibts bei Ihnen Essen? — ja; you didn’t go, did you? — yes, I didSie sind nicht gegangen, oder? — doch; they speak French — oh, do they?sie sprechen Französisch — ja?, ach, wirklich or tatsächlich?; they speak German — do they really?sie sprechen Deutschwirklich?; may I come in? — do!darf ich hereinkommen? — ja, bitte; shall I open the window? — no, don’t!soll ich das Fenster öffnen? — nein, bitte nicht!; who broke the window? — I didwer hat das Fenster eingeschlagen? — ich
for emphasis DO come! (esp Brit) → kommen Sie doch (bitte)!; DO shut up! (esp Brit) → (nun) sei doch (endlich) ruhig!; do tell him that … (esp Brit) → sagen Sie ihm doch (bitte), dass …; well do I remember him!und ob ich mich an ihn erinnere!; it’s very expensive, but I DO like ites ist zwar sehr teuer, aber es gefällt mir nun mal; so you DO know them!Sie kennen sie also doch!

tun, machen; I’ve done a stupid thingich habe da was Dummes gemacht or getan; to do something againetw noch (ein)mal tun or machen; sorry, it’s impossible, it can’t be donetut mir leid, (ist) ausgeschlossen, es lässt sich nicht machen; can you do it by yourself?schaffst du das allein?, kannst du das allein machen?; we did the journey in eight hourswir haben die Fahrt in acht Stunden geschafft
? do +noun phrase to do the housework/one’s homeworkdie Hausarbeit/seine Hausaufgaben machen; who did the choreography/the cover design?wer hat die Choreografie/den Umschlagentwurf gemacht?; we’ll have to get someone to do the roofwir müssen jemanden bestellen, der das Dach macht (inf)
Note that a more specific verb may be required in German.

could you do this letter pleasetippen Sie bitte diesen Brief; you do the painting and I’ll do the paperingdu streichst an und ich tapeziere; he does the film crits for the magazineer schreibt die Filmkritiken für die Zeitschrift; to do the flowersdie Blumen arrangieren; to do one’s make-upsich schminken; to do one’s hairsich frisieren, sich (dat)die Haare (zurecht)machen (inf); to do one’s nailssich (dat)die Nägel schneiden or (varnish) → lackieren; to do one’s teeth (Brit) → sich (dat)die Zähne putzen; to do the dishesspülen, den Abwasch machen; to do the washingWäsche waschen; to do the ironingbügeln
? do + anything/something he knows it’s a mistake but he can’t do anything about iter weiß, dass es ein Fehler ist, aber er kann nichts dagegen machen or daran ändern; are you doing anything this evening?haben Sie heute Abend schon etwas vor?; we’ll have to do something about this/himwir müssen da/wir müssen mit ihm etwas tun or unternehmen; do something for me, will you … shut uptu mir bloß den (einen) Gefallen und halt den Mund; does that do anything for you?macht dich das an? (inf); Brecht doesn’t do anything for meBrecht lässt mich kalt (inf)or sagt mir nichts
? do + everything I’ve done everything I canich habe alles getan, was ich kann
? do + nothing I’ve got nothing to doich habe nichts zu tun; I shall do nothing of the sortich werde nichts dergleichen tun; he does nothing but complainer nörgelt immer nur, er tut nichts als nörgeln (inf)
? do with wh- phrase what’s to be done?was ist da zu tun?; but what can you do?aber was kann man da machen?; what do you want me to do (about it)?und was soll ich da tun or machen?; well, do what you canmach or tu (eben), was du kannst; what have you done to him?was haben Sie mit ihm gemacht?; now what have you done!was hast du jetzt bloß wieder angestellt or gemacht?; what are you doing on Saturday?was machen or tun Sie am Sonnabend?; what do I have to do to get through to him?was muss ich tun, um zu ihm durchzukommen?; what shall we do for money?wie machen wir es mit Geld?; how do you do it?wie macht man das?; (in amazement) → wie machen Sie das bloß?
? that’s done it (inf)so, da haben wirs!, da haben wir die Bescherung! (inf)
? that does it!jetzt reichts mir!
as job, profession what does your father do?was macht Ihr Vater (beruflich)?
= provide service, product what can I do for you?was kann ich für Sie tun?; (by shop assistant) → was darfs sein?; sorry, we don’t do luncheswir haben leider keinen Mittagstisch; we do a wide range of herbal teaswir führen eine große Auswahl an Kräutertees; we only do one style of gloves (= sell)wir haben or führen nur eine Sorte Handschuhe; (= produce)wir stellen nur eine Sorte Handschuhe her; who did the food for your reception?wer hat bei Ihrem Empfang für das Essen gesorgt?
= complete, finish in pret, ptp only the work’s done nowdie Arbeit ist gemacht or getan or fertig; what’s done cannot be undonewas geschehen ist, kann man nicht ungeschehen machen; I haven’t done (Brit) or I’m not done telling you what I think of youmit dir bin ich noch lange nicht fertig; done! (= agreed)abgemacht!; are you done? (inf)bist du endlich or schon (iro)fertig?
? over and done with it’s all over and done with (= is finished)das ist alles erledigt; (= has happened)das ist alles vorbei or überstanden
= study, coverdurchnehmen, haben; we’ve done Miltonwir haben Milton gelesen or durchgenommen; I’ve never done any Germanich habe nie Deutsch gelernt or gehabt
Cook → machen (inf); to do the cookingkochen; how do you like your steak done?wie möchten Sie Ihr Steak?; well donedurch(gebraten); is the meat done?ist das Fleisch fertig (gebraten) or durch?
= solvelösen; sum, crossword, puzzle etclösen, machen
= take customerdrannehmen; the barber said he’d do me nextder Friseur sagte, er würde mich als Nächsten drannehmen
Theat, Film partspielen; to do Hamletden Hamlet spielen; to do a play (= put on)ein Stück aufführen; to do a film (= produce)einen Film machen or drehen
= take off, mimicnachmachen; he does a brilliant Charlie Chapliner kann Charlie Chaplin hervorragend nachmachen; she does the worried mother very convincinglysie spielt die besorgte Mutter sehr überzeugend
= visit, see sights of city, country, museumbesuchen, abhaken (inf)
Aut etc → fahren, machen (inf); this car does or can do or will do 100das Auto fährt or macht (inf)100
= treat (Brit inf) they do you very well at that hotelin dem Hotel ist man gut untergebracht or aufgehoben; they do you very well at that restaurantin dem Restaurant isst man sehr gut
? to do oneself welles sich (dat)gut gehen lassen
= be suitable for infpassen (sb jdm); (= be sufficient for)reichen (sb jdm); that will do me nicelydas reicht dicke (inf)or allemal
= cheat infübers Ohr hauen (inf), → reinlegen (inf); you’ve been done!du bist reingelegt or übers Ohr gehauen worden (inf); I was done for £80mit £ 80 hat man mich ganz schön übers Ohr gehauen (inf)
= burgle infeinbrechen in (+acc); the office was done last nightim Büro ist gestern Nacht ein Bruch gemacht worden (sl)
= hurt Brit inf I’ll do you!dir besorg ichs noch! (inf)
= tire out (inf) I’m absolutely done (in)!ich bin völlig geschafft or erledigt or fertig (all inf)
= take inf drugsnehmen
in prison inf 6 years etcsitzen, abreißen (inf)
= translate (old, liter) done into (the) English by …ins Englische übertragen von …

= act do as I domach es wie ich; he did well to take adviceer tat gut daran, sich beraten zu lassen; he did righter hat richtig gehandelt, es war richtig von ihm; he did right/well to goes war richtig/gut, dass er gegangen ist
= get on, fare how are you doing?wie gehts (Ihnen)?; I’m not doing so badlyes geht mir gar nicht so schlecht; the patient is doing very welldem Patienten geht es recht ordentlich; he’s doing well at schooler ist gut in der Schule; his business is doing wellsein Geschäft geht gut; the roses are doing well this yeardie Rosen stehen dieses Jahr gut; when my uncle died I did quite wellals mein Onkel starb, bin ich ganz gut dabei weggekommen
? how do you do? (on introduction) → guten Tag/Abend!, angenehm! (form)
? what’s doing? (inf)was ist los?
= be suitablegehen; that will never do!das geht nicht!; this room will dodas Zimmer geht (inf)or ist in Ordnung; will it do if I come back at 8?geht es, wenn ich um 8 Uhr zurück bin?; it doesn’t do to keep a lady waitinges gehört sich nicht or es geht nicht, dass man eine Dame warten lässt; will she/it do?geht sie/das?
= be sufficientreichen; can you lend me some money? — will £10 do?können Sie mir etwas Geld leihen? — reichen £ 10?; yes, that’ll doja, das reicht
? to make do you’ll have to make do with £10£ 10 müssen Ihnen reichen, Sie werden mit £ 10 auskommen müssen
? that’ll do!jetzt reichts aber!
NOUN (Brit inf)
= eventVeranstaltung f, → Sache f (inf); (= party)Fete f (inf); she had a big do for her eighteenth birthdayan ihrem achtzehnten Geburtstag stieg bei ihr eine Riesenfete (inf)
= swindle (Brit) → Schwindel m; the whole thing was a do from start to finishdie ganze Sache war von vorne bis hinten ein Schwindel
= hairdo esp US → Frisur f, → Schnitt m
the dos and don’tswas man tun und nicht tun sollte; fair dos (inf)gleiches Recht für alle
? do away with vi +prep obj
custom, law, nuclear weaponsabschaffen; documentvernichten; buildingabreißen; to do away with the need for somethingetw überflüssig or unnötig machen; it does away with the need to wear protective clothingdas macht Schutzkleidung überflüssig or unnötig
(inf: = kill) → umbringen

? do by vi +prep obj to do well/badly by somebodyjdn gut/schlecht behandeln; do as you would be done by (Prov) → was du nicht willst, dass man dir tu, das füg auch keinem andern zu (Prov) ? hard ADV b
? do down vt sep (Brit) → heruntermachen, schlechtmachen
? do for vi +prep obj (inf)
(= finish off) personfertigmachen (inf); projectzunichtemachen; to be done for (person)erledigt or fertig (inf)sein; (project)gestorben sein (inf); she got done for driving without a licence (Brit inf) → sie ist ohne Führerschein erwischt worden (inf)
(charlady)putzen für or bei

? do in vt sep (inf)
(= kill)um die Ecke bringen (inf)
(usu pass: = exhaust) to be or feel done infertig or geschafft sein (inf)

? do out vt sep
roomauskehren or -fegen
to do somebody out of a jobjdn um eine Stelle bringen; to do somebody out of £100jdn um £ 100 bringen or erleichtern (inf)

? do over vt sep
(= redecorate)(neu) herrichten
(inf: = beat up) → zusammenschlagen; (= rob, burgle)ausrauben
(US: = do again) → noch einmal machen

? do up vi (dress etc)zugemacht werden vt sep
(= fasten)zumachen; tiebinden
(= parcel together) goodszusammenpacken; books done up in brown paperin Packpapier eingewickelte Bücher
house, room(neu) herrichten; her hair was done up in ringletsihr Haar war in Ringellocken gelegt

? do with vi +prep obj
(= need)brauchen; do you know what I could do with?weißt du, was ich jetzt brauchen könnte?; I could do with a cup of teaich könnte eine Tasse Tee gebrauchen or vertragen (inf); it could do with a cleanes müsste mal sauber gemacht werden
(inf: = tolerate) → ausstehen, vertragen; I can’t be doing with this noiseich kann den Lärm nicht vertragen or ausstehen
he has to do with the steel industryer hat mit der Stahlindustrie zu tun; what has that got to do with it?was hat das damit zu tun?; I won’t have anything to do with it!ich möchte nichts damit zu tun haben!; that has or is nothing to do with you!das geht Sie gar nichts an!; it has something to do with moneyes hat etwas mit Geld zu tun; it has something to do with her being adoptedes hat etwas damit zu tun, dass sie adoptiert wurde; it/this debate has to do with …dabei/in dieser Debatte geht es um …; money has a lot to do with itGeld spielt eine große Rolle dabei
what have you done with my gloves/your hair?was hast du mit meinen Handschuhen/deinem Haar gemacht?
he doesn’t know what to do with himselfer weiß nicht, was er mit sich anfangen soll; the children can always find something to do with themselvesdie Kinder finden immer etwas, womit sie sich beschäftigen können
to be done with somebody/something (= finished)mit jdm/etw fertig sein

? do without vi +prep objauskommen ohne; I can do without your adviceSie können sich Ihren Rat sparen; I could have done without that!das hätte mir (wirklich) erspart bleiben können; you’ll have to do withoutSie müssen ohne auskommen


2 [dəʊ] n (Mus) → do m inv


(duː) 3rd person singular present tense does (daz) : past tense did (did) : past participle done (dan) : negative short forms don't (dount) doesn't (ˈdaznt) , didn't (ˈdidnt) verb
1. used with a more important verb in questions and negative statements. Do you smoke?
2. used with a more important verb for emphasis; (I did buy a ticket but I must have lost it) ; (Do sit down) .
3. used to avoid repeating a verb which comes immediately before. I thought she wouldn't come, but she did.
4. used with a more important verb after seldom, ~rarely and little. Little did he know what was in store for him.
5. to carry out or perform. What shall I do?; That was a terrible thing to do.
6. to manage to finish or complete. When you've done that, you can start on this; We did a hundred kilometres in an hour.
7. to perform an activity concerning something. to do the washing; to do the garden / the windows.
8. to be enough or suitable for a purpose. Will this piece of fish do two of us?; That'll do nicely; Do you want me to look for a blue one or will a pink one do?; Will next Saturday do for our next meeting?
9. to work at or study. She's doing sums; He's at university doing science.
10. to manage or prosper. How's your wife doing?; My son is doing well at school.
11. to put in order or arrange. She's doing her hair.
12. to act or behave. Why don't you do as we do?
13. to give or show. The whole town gathered to do him honour.
14. to cause. What damage did the storm do?; It won't do him any harm.
15. to see everything and visit everything in. They tried to do London in four days.
nounplural do's
an affair or a festivity, especially a party. The school is having a do for Christmas.
ˈdoer noun
a person who does something. an evildoer; a doer of good deeds.
ˈdoings noun plural
the things which a person does. He tells me about all your doings.
done (dan) adjective
1. finished or complete. That's that job done at last.
2. (of food) completely cooked and ready to eat. I don't think the meat is quite done yet.
3. socially accepted. the done thing.
ˌdo-it-yourˈself noun, adjective
(of) the art or practice of doing one's own decorating, repairs etc (also DIY). I've just bought a book on do-it-yourself so I can try to tile the bathroom; a do-it-yourself job.
a fuss. a tremendous to-do about the missing papers.
I/he etc could be doing with / could do with
it would be better if I, he etc had or did (something). I could do with a cup of coffee.
do away with
to get rid of. They did away with uniforms at that school years ago.
do for
to kill or cause the end of. That attack of flu almost did for him.
done for
ruined, defeated or about to be killed etc. The police are coming – run for it or we're done for!
done in
do out
to clean thoroughly. The room's tidy – I did it out yesterday.
do out of
to prevent from getting, especially by using dishonest methods. My boss tried to do me out of a day's holiday.
do's and don'ts (dounts)
rules or advice for action. If you want to lose weight, I can give you a list of do's and don'ts.
do without
to manage without and accept the lack of. We'll just have to do without a phone; If you're too lazy to fetch the ice-cream you can just do without; I can do without your opinion, if you don't mind.
to do with
1. (with have) to have dealings with. I never had anything to do with the neighbours.
2. (with have) to be involved in, especially to be (partly) responsible for. Did you have anything to do with her death?
3. (with have) to be connected with. Has this decision anything to do with what I said yesterday?
4. (with be or have) to be about or concerned with. This letter is/has to do with Bill's plans for the summer.
5. (with have) to be the concern of. I'm sorry, but that question has nothing to do with me; What has that (got) to do with him?
what are you etc doing with
1. why or how have you etc got. What are you doing with my umbrella?
2. what action are you etc taking about. What are they doing with the children during the day if they're both working?


يَفْعَلُ dělat gøre tun κάνω hacer tehdä faire učiniti fare ・・・をする (...을) 하다 doen gjøre zrobić fazer делать göra ทำ yapmak làm


v. aux. hacer;
___ it!¡hágalo!,¡hazlo!;
___ not ___ it!¡No lo haga!, ¡no lo hagas!;
___ you cough a lot?¿Tose mucho?, ¿toses mucho?;
he, she doesél, ella hace. (Do is not translated in Spanish when used as an auxiliary verb.);
How do you ___ ?¿Cómo está usted?, ¿cómo estás tú?;
that will ___eso es suficiente;
to ___ away withdeshacerse de;
to ___ harmhacer daño;
to ___ one's besthacer lo mejor posible;
to ___ someone goodmejorar, ayudar a alguien;
to ___ withoutpasar sin, prescindir de;
What do you ___ ?¿Qué hace usted?, ¿qué haces tú?;
whatever you ___cualquier cosa que haga, hagas.

DO, D.O.

V. Doctor of Osteopathy.
References in classic literature ?
thank God, we have got nothing to do with him, in this business of the Diamond; he had the longest tongue and the shortest temper of any man, high or low, I ever met with)--I say, I went into the service of the old lord, as page-boy in waiting on the three honourable young ladies, at the age of fifteen years.