hazard


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haz·ard

 (hăz′ərd)
n.
1.
a. A chance of being injured or harmed: Space travel is full of hazards.
b. Risk or danger: a high degree of hazard.
2. A possible source of danger: This room is a fire hazard.
3. Games A dice game similar to craps.
4. Sports An obstacle, such as a sand trap, found on a golf course.
5. Archaic Chance or an accident.
tr.v. haz·ard·ed, haz·ard·ing, haz·ards
1. To expose to danger or risk. See Synonyms at endanger.
2.
a. To venture (something): hazard a guess.
b. To express at the risk of denial, criticism, or censure: "The wise young captain ... hazarded to the lieutenant-colonel that the enemy's infantry would probably soon attack the hill" (Stephen Crane).

[Middle English hasard, a kind of dice game, from Old French, from Old Spanish azar, unlucky throw of the dice, chance, possibly from Arabic az-zahr, the die : al-, the + zahr, die (possibly from zahr, flowers (the losing sides of some medieval dice perhaps being decorated with images of flowers) , from zahara, to shine, be radiant; see zhr in Semitic roots).]

hazard

(ˈhæzəd)
n
1. exposure or vulnerability to injury, loss, evil, etc
2. at hazard at risk; in danger
3. a thing likely to cause injury, etc
4. (Golf) golf an obstacle such as a bunker, a road, rough, water, etc
5. chance; accident (esp in the phrase by hazard)
6. (Gambling, except Cards) a gambling game played with two dice
7. (Tennis) real tennis
a. the receiver's side of the court
b. one of the winning openings
8. (Billiards & Snooker) billiards a scoring stroke made either when a ball other than the striker's is pocketed (winning hazard) or the striker's cue ball itself (losing hazard)
vb (tr)
9. to chance or risk
10. to venture (an opinion, guess, etc)
11. to expose to danger
[C13: from Old French hasard, from Arabic az-zahr the die]
ˈhazardable adj
ˈhazard-ˌfree adj

haz•ard

(ˈhæz ərd)

n.
1. something causing danger, peril, risk, or difficulty: the many hazards of the big city.
2. the absence or lack of predictability; chance; uncertainty.
3. a bunker, sand trap, or the like, constituting an obstacle on a golf course.
4. a game played with two dice, an earlier and more complicated form of craps.
5. (in court tennis) any of the winning openings.
v.t.
6. to offer (a statement, conjecture, etc.) with the possibility of facing criticism, disapproval, failure, or the like; venture: to hazard a guess.
7. to put to the risk of being lost; expose to risk.
8. to take or run the risk of (a misfortune, penalty, etc.).
9. to venture upon (anything of doubtful issue): to hazard a dangerous encounter.
Idioms:
at hazard, at risk.
[1250–1300; Middle English hasard < Old French, perhaps < Arabic al-zahr the die]
haz′ard•a•ble, adj.
haz′ard•er, n.
syn: See danger.

hazard

A condition with the potential to cause injury, illness, or death of personnel; damage to or loss of equipment or property; or mission degradation. See also injury; risk.

hazard


Past participle: hazarded
Gerund: hazarding

Imperative
hazard
hazard
Present
I hazard
you hazard
he/she/it hazards
we hazard
you hazard
they hazard
Preterite
I hazarded
you hazarded
he/she/it hazarded
we hazarded
you hazarded
they hazarded
Present Continuous
I am hazarding
you are hazarding
he/she/it is hazarding
we are hazarding
you are hazarding
they are hazarding
Present Perfect
I have hazarded
you have hazarded
he/she/it has hazarded
we have hazarded
you have hazarded
they have hazarded
Past Continuous
I was hazarding
you were hazarding
he/she/it was hazarding
we were hazarding
you were hazarding
they were hazarding
Past Perfect
I had hazarded
you had hazarded
he/she/it had hazarded
we had hazarded
you had hazarded
they had hazarded
Future
I will hazard
you will hazard
he/she/it will hazard
we will hazard
you will hazard
they will hazard
Future Perfect
I will have hazarded
you will have hazarded
he/she/it will have hazarded
we will have hazarded
you will have hazarded
they will have hazarded
Future Continuous
I will be hazarding
you will be hazarding
he/she/it will be hazarding
we will be hazarding
you will be hazarding
they will be hazarding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been hazarding
you have been hazarding
he/she/it has been hazarding
we have been hazarding
you have been hazarding
they have been hazarding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been hazarding
you will have been hazarding
he/she/it will have been hazarding
we will have been hazarding
you will have been hazarding
they will have been hazarding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been hazarding
you had been hazarding
he/she/it had been hazarding
we had been hazarding
you had been hazarding
they had been hazarding
Conditional
I would hazard
you would hazard
he/she/it would hazard
we would hazard
you would hazard
they would hazard
Past Conditional
I would have hazarded
you would have hazarded
he/she/it would have hazarded
we would have hazarded
you would have hazarded
they would have hazarded

hazard

Obstacle on the course, usually a bunker or an area of water.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hazard - a source of dangerhazard - a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; "drinking alcohol is a health hazard"
danger - a cause of pain or injury or loss; "he feared the dangers of traveling by air"
health hazard - hazard to the health of those exposed to it
moral hazard - (economics) the lack of any incentive to guard against a risk when you are protected against it (as by insurance); "insurance companies are exposed to a moral hazard if the insured party is not honest"
occupational hazard - any condition of a job that can result in illness or injury
sword of Damocles - a constant and imminent peril; "the possibility hangs over their heads like the sword of Damocles"
2.hazard - an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than anotherhazard - an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another; "bad luck caused his downfall"; "we ran into each other by pure chance"
phenomenon - any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
mischance, mishap, bad luck - an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate; "if I didn't have bad luck I wouldn't have any luck at all"
even chance, tossup, toss-up - an unpredictable phenomenon; "it's a toss-up whether he will win or lose"
3.hazard - an obstacle on a golf course
bunker, sand trap, trap - a hazard on a golf course
golf course, links course - course consisting of a large landscaped area for playing golf
obstacle - an obstruction that stands in the way (and must be removed or surmounted or circumvented)
water hazard - hazard provided by ponds of water that the golfer must avoid
Verb1.hazard - put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation; "I am guessing that the price of real estate will rise again"; "I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong"
forebode, predict, prognosticate, foretell, promise, anticipate, call - make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome of an election"
suspect, surmise - imagine to be the case or true or probable; "I suspect he is a fugitive"; "I surmised that the butler did it"
speculate - talk over conjecturally, or review in an idle or casual way and with an element of doubt or without sufficient reason to reach a conclusion; "We were speculating whether the President had to resign after the scandal"
2.hazard - put at risk; "I will stake my good reputation for this"
lay on the line, put on the line, risk - expose to a chance of loss or damage; "We risked losing a lot of money in this venture"; "Why risk your life?"; "She laid her job on the line when she told the boss that he was wrong"
3.hazard - take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcomehazard - take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome; "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"
attempt, essay, try, assay, seek - make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world"
go for broke - risk everything in one big effort; "the cyclist went for broke at the end of the race"
luck it, luck through - act by relying on one's luck

hazard

noun
1. danger, risk, threat, problem, menace, peril, jeopardy, pitfall, endangerment, imperilment a sole that reduces the hazard of slipping on slick surfaces
verb
1. jeopardize, risk, endanger, threaten, expose, imperil, put in jeopardy He could not believe that the man would have hazarded his grandson.
2. guess, suggest, ask 'Fifteen or sixteen?' Mrs Dearden hazarded.
hazard a guess guess, conjecture, suppose, speculate, presume, take a guess I would hazard a guess that they'll do fairly well.

hazard

noun
1. An unexpected random event:
2. The quality shared by random, unintended, or unpredictable events or this quality regarded as the cause of such events:
3. Exposure to possible harm, loss, or injury:
4. A possibility of danger or harm:
verb
1. To expose to possible loss or damage:
2. To run the risk of:
3. To have the courage to put forward, as an idea, especially when rebuff or criticism is likely:
Translations
خَطَريُخاطِر، يُعَرِّضُ للخَطَريُقَدِّمُ سؤالا أو تخْمينا
odvážit seriskovatriziko
farerisikererisikovove
hætta; leggja út íleggja framtvísÿna, hætta
drįsti manytipavojingumasrizikingumas
atļautiesbriesmasriskētrisksuzdrošināties
tveganje
bir tahminde bulunmakileri sürmektehliketehlikeye atmak

hazard

[ˈhæzəd]
A. Npeligro m; (less serious) → riesgo m
this heater is a fire hazardesta estufa puede provocar un incendio
see also health
B. VT
1. (= venture) [+ answer, remark] → aventurar
would you like to hazard a guess?¿quieres intentar adivinarlo?
2. (= risk) [+ one's life] → poner en peligro, arriesgar
C. CPD hazard lights, hazard warning lights NPL (Aut) → luces fpl de emergencia

hazard

[ˈhæzərd]
n
(= risk) → danger m, risque m
It's a potential hazard → C'est un risque potentiel.
to be a health hazard → présenter un risque pour la santé
to be a fire hazard → présenter un risque d'incendie
to be a hazard to sb → constituer un danger pour qn
(= chance) → hasard m, chance f
vtrisquer, hasarder
to hazard a guess → hasarder une hypothèse
to hazard a guess that ... → être tenté(e) de dire que ...hazard lights hazard warning lights nplfeux mpl de détresse

hazard

n
(= danger)Gefahr f; (= risk)Risiko nt; the hazards of wardie Gefahren des Krieges; a safety hazardein Sicherheitsrisiko nt; it’s a fire hazardes ist feuergefährlich, es stellt eine Feuergefahr dar; to pose a hazard (to somebody/something)eine Gefahr (für jdn/etw) darstellen
(= chance) by hazarddurch Zufall
(Sport, Golf, Showjumping) → Hindernis nt
hazards pl (Aut: also hazard (warning) lights)Warnblinklicht nt
vt
(= risk) life, health, reputationriskieren, aufs Spiel setzen; (= endanger) personin Gefahr bringen
(= venture to make)wagen, riskieren; if I might hazard a remark/suggestionwenn ich mir eine Bemerkung/einen Vorschlag erlauben darf; to hazard a guess(es) wagen, eine Vermutung anzustellen; to hazard a guess that …zu vermuten wagen, dass …

hazard

[ˈhæzəd]
1. n (risk) → rischio; (more serious) → pericolo; (chance) → azzardo
occupational hazard → rischio del mestiere
natural hazard → calamità naturale
to be a health hazard → essere dannoso/a alla salute
2. vt (one's life) → rischiare, mettere a repentaglio; (remark) → azzardare
to hazard a guess → tirare a indovinare

hazard

(ˈhӕzəd) noun
(something which causes) a risk of harm or danger. the hazards of mountain-climbing.
verb
1. to risk; to be prepared to do (something, the result of which is uncertain). Are you prepared to hazard your life for the success of this mission?
2. to put forward (a guess etc).
ˈhazardous adjective
dangerous. a hazardous journey; hazardous waste.
ˈhazardousness noun

hazard

n. riesgo, peligro;
a ___ to your healthun ___ para su salud.

hazard

n peligro, riesgo
References in classic literature ?
We have been selfish, sister, in urging our visit at such hazard.
Hepzibah, nevertheless, stood at a gaze, with her hands clasped, looking very much as if she had summoned up an evil spirit, and were afraid, yet resolved, to hazard the encounter.
Seeing now that but a very few moments more would give the Pequod's boats the advantage, and rather than be thus foiled of his game, Derick chose to hazard what to him must have seemed a most unusually long dart, ere the last chance would for ever escape.
I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and incur my own abhor- rence.
Cautious, very cautious," thought Emma; "he advances inch by inch, and will hazard nothing till he believes himself secure.
Dashwood feared to hazard any remark, and ventured not to offer consolation.
I went to hide little Hareton, and to take the shot out of the master's fowling-piece, which he was fond of playing with in his insane excitement, to the hazard of the lives of any who provoked, or even attracted his notice too much; and I had hit upon the plan of removing it, that he might do less mischief if he did go the length of firing the gun.
In thought, she saw the picture again -- the murderer hurling the Spud of the plow into the air, and setting the life or death of the woman who had deserted him on the hazard of the falling point.
With no more definite purpose than to escape the hazard of originating any other kind of action.
Steerforth speaking to me about my intention of going down into Suffolk, I said at hazard how glad I should be, if Steerforth would only go there with me; and explaining to him that I was going to see my old nurse, and Mr.
But, unwilling to hazard the responsibility, she let me in, and presently brought the sharp message that I was to "come up.
This, then, is my plan: we will search now by the starlight till we find the body of a fair maid, for, doubtless, some were killed by hazard in the fight, and on her we will set a warrior's dress, and lay by her the corpse of one of your own men.