Laws 2743 (McKinney 1991) ("[T]he added anguish of legal uncertainty and confusion will be removed for patients who have created a health care proxy
You need up to three others: a health care proxy
, a guardian designation, and a HIPAA release.
Keywords: capacity, consent, developmental disability, health care proxy
, intellectual disability, mental retardation, psychiatric
Living Will - Used on its own or in conjunction with a health care proxy
, this document allows your child to state certain health care and medical wishes, but not appoint an agent (which is why it's good to use it with a health care proxy
More information, along with a sample health care proxy
and a sample personal wishes statement, is available online at www.
For cases in which there is no health care proxy
and the treatment at issue is something other than cardiopulminary resuscitation, these laws impose requirements for "clear and convincing" evidence of patient preferences, which often prevent family members and health care providers from limiting treatment they believe is not in the best interest of the patient.
A durable power of attorney differs from a health care power of attorney, sometimes called a living will or a health care proxy
, Susswein says.
Health Care Planning - Durable power of attorney for health care or health care proxy
, living wills, and priority of visitation.
Knowledge about agents' roles and responsibilities was assessed using Sansone and Ledner's (1999-2000) Health Care Proxy
Role and Responsibilities test (seven yes/no items).
In modern "democratic" medicine, the physicians are there to serve and advise, and only in extreme situations of incapacity, emergency, lack of available health care proxy
, or patient's waiver of decision making can they decide for a patient.
However, I must note that there are two basic forms of advance directive: the durable power of attorney, or health care proxy
, where the patient names another person to make decisions about treatment in the event of incompetence; and the living will, where the patient makes advance decisions about particular treatments they want or do not want.
The health care proxy
preserves your right to self-determination.