hearken


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms.

hear·ken

also har·ken  (här′kən)
intr.v. hear·kened, hear·ken·ing, hear·kens
Archaic To listen attentively; give heed.
Phrasal Verb:
hearken back
Usage Problem To hark back.

[Middle English herknen, from Old English hercnian; see kous- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Traditionally, hearken means "to listen." The word has an archaic and formal air today, in part stemming from its extensive use in the King James Bible (as in Mark 7:14 "Hearken unto me, every one of you") and in traditional storytelling. In contemporary usage, hearken is more often used where one might expect hark, no doubt because of sound similarity: The movie hearkens back to the sci-fi films of the 1950s. The Usage Panel has mixed feelings about this. In our 2009 survey, just 48 percent accepted this example.

hearken

(ˈhɑːkən) or

harken

vb
archaic to listen to (something)
[Old English heorcnian; see hark]
ˈhearkener n

heark•en

or hark•en

(ˈhɑr kən)

v.i.
1. to give heed or attention to what is said; listen.
v.t.
2. Archaic. to listen to; hear.
[1150–1200; Middle English hercnen, Old English he(o)rcnian, suffixed form of assumed *heorcian; see hark, -en1]
heark′en•er, n.

hearken

- To pay attention or listen; it can also mean "to return to a previous topic."
See also related terms for listen.

hearken


Past participle: hearkened
Gerund: hearkening

Imperative
hearken
hearken
Present
I hearken
you hearken
he/she/it hearkens
we hearken
you hearken
they hearken
Preterite
I hearkened
you hearkened
he/she/it hearkened
we hearkened
you hearkened
they hearkened
Present Continuous
I am hearkening
you are hearkening
he/she/it is hearkening
we are hearkening
you are hearkening
they are hearkening
Present Perfect
I have hearkened
you have hearkened
he/she/it has hearkened
we have hearkened
you have hearkened
they have hearkened
Past Continuous
I was hearkening
you were hearkening
he/she/it was hearkening
we were hearkening
you were hearkening
they were hearkening
Past Perfect
I had hearkened
you had hearkened
he/she/it had hearkened
we had hearkened
you had hearkened
they had hearkened
Future
I will hearken
you will hearken
he/she/it will hearken
we will hearken
you will hearken
they will hearken
Future Perfect
I will have hearkened
you will have hearkened
he/she/it will have hearkened
we will have hearkened
you will have hearkened
they will have hearkened
Future Continuous
I will be hearkening
you will be hearkening
he/she/it will be hearkening
we will be hearkening
you will be hearkening
they will be hearkening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been hearkening
you have been hearkening
he/she/it has been hearkening
we have been hearkening
you have been hearkening
they have been hearkening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been hearkening
you will have been hearkening
he/she/it will have been hearkening
we will have been hearkening
you will have been hearkening
they will have been hearkening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been hearkening
you had been hearkening
he/she/it had been hearkening
we had been hearkening
you had been hearkening
they had been hearkening
Conditional
I would hearken
you would hearken
he/she/it would hearken
we would hearken
you would hearken
they would hearken
Past Conditional
I would have hearkened
you would have hearkened
he/she/it would have hearkened
we would have hearkened
you would have hearkened
they would have hearkened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.hearken - listen; used mostly in the imperative
listen - hear with intention; "Listen to the sound of this cello"

hearken

also harken
verb
1. To make an effort to hear something:
Archaic: list.
Idiom: give an ear.
2. Archaic. To perceive by ear, usually attentively:
Idiom: give one's ear.
Translations

hearken

[ˈhɑːkən] VI (archaic, liter) to hearken toescuchar

hearken

vi (old, liter)horchen (→ to auf +acc)
References in classic literature ?
All crumbled away from us; and we, adrift in chaos, may hearken to the gusts of homeless wind, that go sighing and murmuring about in quest of what was once a world!
Look at 'em dartin' about, an' hearken at 'em callin' to each other.
Stand up, Isaac, and hearken to me,'' said the Palmer, who viewed the extremity of his distress with a compassion in which contempt was largely mingled; ``you have cause for your terror, considering how your brethren have been used, in order to extort from them their hoards, both by princes and nobles; but stand up, I say, and I will point out to you the means of escape.
We were not many minutes on the road, though we sometimes stopped to lay hold of each other and hearken.
List and hearken, gentlemen, That be of free-born blood, I shall you tell of a good yeoman, His name was Robin Hood.
Hearken not to the unnatural voice which tells you that the people of America, knit together as they are by so many cords of affection, can no longer live together as members of the same family; can no longer continue the mutual guardians of their mutual happiness; can no longer be fellow citizens of one great, respectable, and flourishing empire.
The noise lasted for several minutes, during which, that I might hearken to it with the more satisfaction, I ceased my labours and sat down upon the bones.
Let me tell you an allegory, dearest, and do you hearken to it.
Hearken to me, friends, nor heed that accursed rhapsodist.
Dans le bon vieux temps," said the vicomtesse, examining me through her spectacles, and addressing Georges, who stood, hat in hand, to hearken to her wisdom; "dans le bon vieux temps, mon ami, the ladies of the chateau did not want for these things.
Your wish for me to stay is not a call of duty which I refuse to hearken to because it is against my own desires; it is a temptation that I must resist, lest the love of the creature should become like a mist in my soul shutting out the heavenly light.
Neither shall thy present intemperate language mar thy future fortunes, if thou wilt hearken to the advice of one who is by many years thy senior.